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Hunger Index 2022

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

Click on a country for details.

Global Hunger Index by Country 2024

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) represents the degree of severity of hunger in a country. Hunger can include various definitions, including a lack of adequate calories and a deficiency in micronutrients, protein, or energy. Not having enough food to provide energy and nutrients for healthy growth can harm people of all ages in their functioning and development.

The GHI measurement uses four separate factors to calculate a country's index. The factors that go into calculating the GHI include the undernourishment value, child wasting value, child mortality value, and child stunting value. Due to the correlation between child growth and good nutrition over time, three of the four factors deal with child growth and health.

To calculate the GHI, these factors undergo standardization. This process divides the nation's reported values by the highest value for that standard on record.

The GHI uses a weighted average of these standardized factors to find the country's total index on a scale of 0 to 100. Low scores represent countries with lower levels of hunger in their populations. Nations that have higher scores have more severe hunger issues.

As of 2022, some of the nations with the highest scores lacked sufficient data to calculate their exact GHI. Consequently, the nation with the highest GHI of known value is Yemen at 45.1.

Other nations, such as Somalia, South Sudan, Burundi, and the Syrian Arab Republic have potential ranges that could place them higher than Yemen's GHI. These countries have only estimated ranges of 35 to 49.9 for their GHI values due to their hunger levels at "Alarming" status.

Overall the GHI values globally seem to have improved since 2000. That year, several nations had GHI values greater than 50, whereas, in 2022, no countries had such severe hunger statuses.

For the most recent set of data, several nations finished at the bottom of the GHI list with scores below 5. These countries include Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, China, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey, and Uruguay. Of these countries, Belarus, China, Croatia, Estonia, and Kuwait had GHI values below 5 for all four years of measurements, 2000, 2007, 2014, and 2022.

The Global Hunger Index provides insights into the severity of hunger and its impact on populations around the world. Changes in the GHI over time can indicate improving or worsening conditions for a nation.

  • The score of 4.9 is a placeholder score given to any country whose Hunger Index is less than 5. These countries are not given ordered ranks by the source, as the differences between their scores are minimal.
  • Precise values for countries listed as Serious or Alarming were unavailable. Estimated ranges have been substituted.

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Country
Hunger Index 2022
Hunger Index 2014
Hunger Index 2007
Hunger Index 2000
Yemen45.141.738.441.3
Central African Republic4444.646.848.8
Madagascar38.737.337.242.5
DR Congo37.838.743.248
Chad37.240.74950.7
Syria35
Somalia35
Burundi35
South Sudan35
Haiti32.732.641.740.9
Niger32.632.840.252.5
Liberia32.434.83948.2
Lesotho32.429.329.132.7
Sierra Leone31.533.151.157.5
Guinea Bissau30.830.23137.7
Timor Leste30.633.345.5
Afghanistan29.930.638.750.3
Zambia29.335.24653.3
India29.128.236.338.8
Sudan28.829.3
Republic of the Congo28.125.333.734.7
Ethiopia27.627.442.653.6
Nigeria27.328.432.140.4
Rwanda27.229.535.949.9
Comoros26.929.131.739.5
Papua New Guinea26.52929.933.6
Pakistan26.129.632.136.8
Angola25.926.244.764.9
North Korea24.927.529.639.5
Burkina Faso24.526.534.544.9
Tanzania23.625.530.940.8
Kenya23.521.631.136.6
Mali23.226.135.741.7
Togo22.826.130.239.3
Benin21.723.226.933.8
Djibouti21.527.435.844.3
Malawi20.724.132.543.3
Mauritania20.726.328.331.8
Gambia20.722.226.529
Uganda20
Mozambique20
Zimbabwe20
Guinea20
Botswana2020.525.827.7
Venezuela19.98.110.114.6
Bangladesh19.626.331.333.9
Solomon Islands19.422.318.120.1
Laos19.222.531.444.2
Nepal19.121.23037
Cameroon18.921.429.935.8
Guatemala18.821.724.128.4
Namibia18.722.926.825.4
Indonesia17.922.229.126.1
Gabon17.216.520.320.9
Cambodia17.120.126.141.1
Ivory Coast16.822.735.833.4
Eswatini16.318.422.924.7
Myanmar15.617.929.439.9
Senegal15.617.622.834.2
Ecuador15.211.718.619.7
Philippines14.818.819.525
Ghana13.915.522.128.5
Tajikistan13.920.632.940.3
Iraq13.716.620.823.8
Sri Lanka13.617.318.921.7
Nicaragua13.615.517.922.4
Honduras13.414.119.221.8
Mauritius13.41314.115.3
Bolivia13.214.72227.7
Oman1311.511.514.7
South Africa12.912.717.218.1
Malaysia12.510.913.815.4
Egypt12.314.617.216.3
Thailand1211.912.118.6
Vietnam11.915.421.426.3
Cape Verde11.812.111.915.3
Jordan10.67.47.510.8
Lebanon10.58.711.211.6
Guyana10.412.415.817.1
Suriname10.21011.315.1
Turkmenistan9.510.614.620.4
Morocco9.29.612.415.8
Fiji9.29.38.59.5
Trinidad and Tobago98.810.711
Dominican Republic8.89.813.915
El Salvador8.410.412.114.7
Mexico8.178.510.2
Panama8.19.41418.6
Paraguay88.111.411.6
Kyrgyzstan7.89.413.618
Colombia7.68.611.210.9
Peru7.67.61520.6
Ukraine7.57.27.213
Azerbaijan7.59.315.324.9
Jamaica78.88.18.6
Algeria6.98.711.414.5
Moldova6.96.820.318.7
Armenia6.97.312.119.3
Argentina6.855.56.6
Saudi Arabia6.77.412.211
Iran6.57.48.813.7
Russia6.46.77.110.1
Albania6.29.215.820.7
Tunisia6.16.77.610.3
Kazakhstan5.95.811.611.2
Bulgaria5.97.47.98.6
Georgia5.76.17.812.3
Mongolia5.79.221.830
Uzbekistan5.68.315.424.2
Brazil5.457.111.4
United Arab Emirates5.35.96.56.2
Costa Rica5.34.94.97
China4.94.97.813.3
Turkey4.94.95.810.1
Chile4.94.94.94.9
Romania4.95.15.87.9
Hungary4.94.94.95.5
Belarus4.94.94.94.9
Serbia4.95.86.1
Slovakia4.95.75.97
Kuwait4.94.94.94.9
Croatia4.94.94.94.9
Uruguay4.94.96.57.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina4.94.96.69.3
Lithuania4.94.94.95.4
North Macedonia4.94.97.27.5
Latvia4.94.94.95.6
Estonia4.94.94.94.9
Montenegro4.94.95.4
showing: 129 rows

Which country has the top global hunger index?

Currently, the country that is at the top of the global hunger index is Somalia.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources