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Gold Exports 2021

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Gold Exports by Country 2024

Gold is a globally essential commodity. Its numerous uses include commercial, industrial, and consumer applications. Within these categories, gold may have use as jewelry, dental components, money, electronics, and more. Because gold comes in many forms, its export statistics will depend on its form.

Global Gold Trade

In 2021, the world gold trade totaled $434 billion, placing it as the seventh in trade value. That year, exports showed an upward trend with the export value of gold increasing from 2020 to 2021 at 2.14% for all non-monetary forms of the product. In 2018, gold had only a 5.1% tariff, placing it 818 on the listing of lowest out of 1259 commodity tariffs.

Forms of Gold for Export Statistics

Gold comes in many forms when counting it for export numbers. These forms include powdered, raw or unwrought, and semi-manufactured.

Powdered gold is pulverized gold material. Unwrought has not undergone processing and is closest to the natural form. Semi-manufactured may have some processing, such as platinum plating, to make it more useful in its final applications.

Among these, the most traded form of gold is unwrought for non-monetary uses. The second most traded is semi-manufactured with powdered making up a very small percentage of the remaining gold trade.

Countries that Exported the Most Semi-Manufactured Gold as of 2023

The most recent statistics for 2023 come from 2022 and show the United Kingdom as the top exporter of semi-manufactured gold in the world. This country exported 1.26 million kg of gold at a value of $72 billion (USD). Singapore and Australia were the second and third-place exporters of semi-manufactured gold in 2022.

Places that Exported the Most Unwrought Gold in 2023

Unwrought gold departed in the greatest amounts from Switzerland in 2022, the most recent data for 2023. That nation exported 1.56 million kg of unwrought, not powdered, gold, which had a value in American dollars of $90 billion.

The United States and the United Arab Emirates placed second and third for their unwrought, non-powdered, gold exports. The total value of American exports in 2022 was almost $36.8 billion (USD). Third-place UAE had exports of unwrought gold valued at $35 billion (USD).

Top Powdered Gold Exporters in 2023

The United Arab Emirates exported the greatest amount of powdered gold in 2022, 11 thousand kg, totaling $274 million (USD).

Portugal was the second-highest exporter of powdered gold, shipping out 953 kg at a value of $55 million (USD), and the United States exported the third-highest amount of powdered gold, 638 kg, valued at $36 million (USD).

- Percentages shown represent each country's exports as a proportion of its respective continent or region.

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Country
Gold Exports %
Gold Exports 2021
Switzerland55.4%$86,700
United Arab Emirates29.9%$32,800
United Kingdom18.9%$29,700
United States53.8%$26,600
South Africa27.3%$20,100
Russia12.2%$19,100
Singapore17%$18,600
Australia88.4%$17,600
Hong Kong13%$14,300
Mali12.2%$9,030
Japan7.27%$7,970
Peru31.5%$7,740
Burkina Faso10.4%$7,710
Germany3.88%$6,080
Guinea7.84%$5,790
Mexico11.2%$5,530
Brazil21.8%$5,360
Ghana7.16%$5,290
Uzbekistan4.13%$4,530
Turkey3.91%$4,280
Italy2.71%$4,240
Kazakhstan3.64%$3,990
Thailand3.38%$3,700
Zimbabwe4.75%$3,510
China3.04%$3,330
Tanzania4.25%$3,140
Sudan3.86%$2,850
Niger3.66%$2,700
Colombia10.6%$2,610
Bolivia10.4%$2,550
Suriname9.2%$2,260
Spain1.35%$2,120
Mongolia1.93%$2,110
Iraq1.93%$2,080
Austria1.29%$2,020
France1.28%$2,010
Argentina7.8%$1,910
Indonesia1.66%$1,820
Laos1.63%$1,790
Dominican Republic3.59%$1,780
Papua New Guinea8.61%$1,720
Canada28.9%$1,430
Philippines1.2%$1,310
Belgium0.81%$1,270
Saudi Arabia1.07%$1,170
Egypt1.57%$1,160
Senegal1.37%$1,010
Nicaragua2%$989
Sweden0.59%$930
Kyrgyzstan0.83%$908
Finland9.58%$907
Chile3.59%$881
Ethiopia1.16%$860
Benin1.15%$849
Zambia1.1%$814
Tajikistan0.71%$781
Chad1.02%$750
South Korea0.65%$710
Mauritania0.82%$606
Ecuador2.34%$576
Guyana2.17%$534
New Zealand2.59%$516
Mozambique0.64%$474
Lebanon0.41%$449
Namibia0.59%$436
Liberia0.58%$429
Afghanistan0.38%$419
Rwanda0.5%$368
Malaysia0.52%$352
Cameroon0.42%$312
Netherlands0.18%$286
Eswatini0.38%$280
Libya0.32%$236
Armenia0.23%$236
India0.23%$231
Bahrain0.19%$212
Azerbaijan0.18%$202
Eritrea0.23%$167
Honduras0.33%$164
Nigeria0.21%$157
Madagascar0.19%$143
Estonia0.09%$137
Norway0.09%$133
Portugal0.08%$131
Luxembourg0.08%$128
Cambodia0.11%$121
Georgia0.11%$117
Venezuela0.42%$104
Panama0.21%$102
Romania0.06%$96.30
Somalia0.13%$94.90
Malawi0.12%$90.30
Poland0.06%$86.90
Croatia0.05%$84.80
Hungary0.05%$84.50
Botswana0.1%$72.90
Yemen0.07%$72.70
Republic of the Congo0.1%$71.90
Morocco0.09%$63.40
Fiji0.32%$63.20
Ukraine0.04%$61.90
Kenya0.08%$61.70
Greece0.04%$59.50
Burundi0.08%$56.70
Czech Republic0.04%$55.70
Central African Republic0.06%$47.60
Slovakia0.03%$46.40
Jordan0.03%$37
Serbia0.02%$36.90
Gabon0.05%$34.50
Bulgaria0.02%$29.40
Slovenia0.02%$27.90
Oman0.02%$26.30
Denmark0.02%$23.20
Qatar0.02%$17
Ireland0.01%$16.20
Israel0.02%$16
Cyprus0.02%$16
Angola0.02%$14.80
Kuwait0.01%$14.70
DR Congo0.02%$12.20
Solomon Islands0.06%$12.10
Tunisia0.01%$10.20
Djibouti0.01%$8.55
showing: 124 rows

Which country exports the most gold?

With 20% of the world's total gold exports, the country that exports gold the most is Switzerland.

Frequently Asked Questions