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% of Population With No Toilet Services

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70%

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Toiletless Countries 2024

Country
% of Population With No Toilet Services
Kyrgyzstan69%
Ivory Coast50%
DR Congo36%
Nigeria32%
Uganda32%
Papua New Guinea32%
Togo32%
Guinea27%
Niger26%
Vanuatu24%

Toiletless countries, or countries without access to basic sanitation for the containment or disposal of excrement, do exist around the world where water access is limited or people struggle to afford to add these facilities to their homes.

In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) notes that more than 1.5 billion people worldwide do not have basic sanitation in their homes (private latrines or toilets). Many of these people are in Africa, India, the Caribbean, and Pacific islands.

Toiletless Countries

The WHO considers the minimum for basic sanitation to be a single-household toilet that connects to a septic or composting tank, pit, or sewage pipe. Only countries where these measures are widely unavailable are considered "toiletless. These figures come from data collected by the World Health Organization, WaterAid's Out of Order report on the State of the World's Toilets, and Statista.

The Dangers of Toiletless Countries

Going without basic sanitation and proper disposal and treatment of excrement is dangerous for humans. Disease, malnutrition, socio-economic development, and overall well-being are problems in toiletless countries.

Diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, typhoid, polio, intestinal worms, and antimicrobial resistance are some of the common issues associated with a lack of toilets in countries lacking basic sanitation measures.

Without toilets in many households, many people are left to openly defecate in gutters, on the ground, or in water bodies locally. The WHO found that about 419 million people resort to this practice in toiletless countries.

Hope for Toiletless Countries

The good news is that the number of toiletless countries is continually decreasing as local, national, and international organizations contribute to basic sanitation improvements in towns, cities, and individual households. There are mobile toilet services operating in places like Ethiopia, which was once the #1 toiletless country in the world, that have helped further reduce the number of people going without a safe and sanitary toilet.

As access to clean water, soap, and health and disease education improves, sanitation measures in countries around the world should continue to follow suit. Still, it's important to understand that there are still many places worldwide where over 50% of the local population doesn't have a toilet or latrine in the home or has trouble finding public toilets when out and about.

  • Values of < 1.0 are listed as 0.9, though they may be lower

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Country
% of Population With No Toilet Services
% of Population With No Handwashing Facility At Home
Data Year
Kyrgyzstan69%0%2021
Ivory Coast50%41.44%2021
DR Congo36%42.42%2021
Nigeria32%30.37%2021
Uganda32%45.13%2018
Papua New Guinea32%40.93%2019
Togo32%73.86%2017
Guinea27%28.36%2021
Niger26%24.01%2021
Vanuatu24%0%2021
Ethiopia22%38.13%2021
Solomon Islands21%0%2021
Cook Islands20%0%2021
Sudan19%0%2021
Armenia19%4.88%2021
Russia18%0%2021
Liberia18%0%2017
Lebanon18%0%2021
Eritrea18%0%2012
Chad17%44.25%2021
Iran16%0.14%2021
Burkina Faso15%63.69%2021
Micronesia15%0%2021
Pakistan14%2.14%2021
Kenya14%39.97%2021
Jordan14%0%2021
Tonga14%1.91%2021
Indonesia13%0%2020
Nicaragua12%0%2021
Paraguay12%2.31%2021
Fiji12%0%2021
Nepal11%1.46%2021
Guyana11%0%2008
Peru10%0%2021
Guatemala10%0%2021
Gabon10%0%2014
Malawi9%16.07%2021
Benin9%43.69%2021
Haiti9%8.81%2021
Namibia9%0%2020
South Sudan8%0%2017
Comoros8%0%2021
Sri Lanka7%0%2021
Zambia7%50.67%2021
Senegal7%56.58%2021
Burundi7%0%2016
Bangladesh6%6.09%2021
Egypt6%0.67%2021
Tajikistan6%3.55%2012
South Africa5%12.29%2009
Mali5%30.1%2021
Libya5%0%2021
Vietnam4%1.62%2018
Iraq4%0%2020
Honduras4%0%2021
Sierra Leone4%64.34%2021
China3%0%2021
Romania3%0%2021
Palestine3%1.17%2021
Lesotho3%51.3%2015
Eswatini3%44.31%2021
Cambodia2%13.62%2018
Serbia2%0%2021
Ghana1%21.89%2021
Zimbabwe1%2.94%2021
Brazil0.9%0%2021
Tanzania0.9%16.71%2021
Madagascar0.9%29.94%2021
Rwanda0.9%85.64%2021
Czech Republic0.9%0%2021
Azerbaijan0.9%0%2021
Laos0.9%9.94%2021
Oman0.9%0%2021
Kuwait0.9%0%2021
Lithuania0.9%0%2021
Guinea Bissau0.9%69.01%2021
North Macedonia0.9%0.16%2021
Estonia0.9%0%2021
Bhutan0.9%0.31%2021
Montenegro0.9%0.31%2021
Maldives0.9%2.35%2021
Samoa0.9%0%2021
Saint Lucia0.9%0%2021
Grenada0.9%0%2021
Seychelles0.9%0%2021
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0.9%0%2021
Antigua and Barbuda0.9%0%2021
Andorra0.9%0%2021
San Marino0.9%0%2021
Tokelau0.9%0%2021
India0%2.72%2021
Mexico0%0%2021
Philippines0%6.66%2018
Germany0%0%2021
Thailand0%5.91%2021
Myanmar0%5.27%2021
Colombia0%27.92%2021
Algeria0%4.77%
Afghanistan0%27.66%2021
Angola0%57.84%
Uzbekistan0%0%2021
Mozambique0%0%2021
Kazakhstan0%0.24%
Somalia0%20.64%2021
Ecuador0%3.4%
Bolivia0%59.97%2021
Dominican Republic0%39.3%2021
Cuba0%0.66%
Hungary0%0%2021
Austria0%0%2021
Central African Republic0%63.01%
Mauritania0%0%2021
Panama0%0%2020
Georgia0%1.43%2021
Mongolia0%0%2021
Gambia0%7.98%
Albania0%0%2021
Timor Leste0%7.19%2021
Djibouti0%0%2021
Suriname0%11.07%
Malta0%0%2021
Sao Tome and Principe0%27.93%
Kiribati0%13.83%
Saint Kitts and Nevis0%0%2021
Marshall Islands0%2.36%
Niue0%21.33%
showing: 126 rows

Which country has highest toiletless population?

69% of those living in Kyrgyzstan do not have toilet services, which is the highest percentage in the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources