Wind Power By Country 2021

The terms “wind energy” and “wind power” describe the process by which the wind generates mechanical power or electricity. Wind power is a clean, renewable source of energy.

Wind power is generated by wind turbines. When the wind blows against a wind turbine, it turns its blades. The wind turns the blades of a turbine around a rotor that spins a generator either directly or through a shaft and a series of gears that speed up the rotation from the blades and allows for a smaller generator to be used. This creates electricity.

Wind turbines can be built on land or offshore in large bodies of water.

There are two types of modern wind turbines: horizontal-axis turbines and vertical-axis turbines. Horizontal-axis turbines are more common, and have three blades that operate “upwind.” Horizontal turbines are like windmills but larger and modern. Vertical-axis turbines have several styles, such as an eggbeater style that looks like a whisk. Vertical-axis turbines are omnidirectional, so they don’t need to be adjusted to point into the wind.

Wind turbines have a range of sizes. Single, small turbines are smaller than 100 kilowatts and are typically used for residential, agricultural, and small commercial or industrial applications. Utility-scale turbines range from 100 kilowatts to several megawatts and are used to power electrical grids. These are much larger and are typically grouped into wind farms. The third size is offshore wind turbines, which are the largest and typically taller than the Statue of Liberty. Offshore wind turbines can harness powerful ocean winds and generate very large amounts of electricity.

Modern wind turbines start generating electricity when wind speeds reach six to nine miles per hour. This is known as the cut-in speed. If winds reach over 55 miles per hour, the turbines shut off to prevent damage to the equipment. Over year, modern wind turbines can generate usable amounts of electricity over 90% of the time.

Wind Power Around the World

Wind power’s total cumulative installed electricity generation capacity has increased rapidly since 2000. At the end of 2019, the total capacity amounted to 651 gigawatts. By 2018, wind power made up about 4.8% of the world’s total electricity usage.

Wind power is used commercially by over half of the world’s countries. Seven countries in Europe have achieved high levels of wind power penetration, including 41% of production in Denmark, 28% in Ireland, 24% in Portugal, 21% in Germany, and 19% in Spain.

China is the largest producer of wind power in the world, generating 236,402 megawatts in 2019, about 36.3% of total capacity produced. The United States is the second-largest producer of wind power generating 105,466 megawatts in 2019. Together, China and the United States generated over 52% of the world’s total wind power generated electricity.

Here are the 10 countries with the most wind power (2019):

  1. China (236,402 MW)
  2. United States (105,466 MW)
  3. India (37,506 MW)
  4. France (16,643 MW)
  5. Brazil (15,452 MW)
  6. Canada (13,413 MW)
  7. Sweden (8,804 MW)
  8. Turkey (8,056 MW)
  9. Mexico (6,215 MW)
  10. Australia (6,199 MW)

Wind Power By Country 2021

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Wind Power By Country 2021

Note: Data represents end-of-year figures of installed wind power capacity, including both onshore and offshore.
Country 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
China236,402211,392188,232168,690145,104
United States105,46696,66589,07782,18374,472
India37,50635,12932,84828,66527,151
France16,64315,30913,75912,06510,358
Brazil15,45214,70712,76310,7408,715
Canada13,41312,81612,23911,89811,205
Sweden8,8047,4076,6916,5196,025
Turkey8,0567,3696,5166,1014,718
Mexico6,2154,9354,0053,5273,073
Australia6,1995,3624,5574,3274,187
Venezuela50505050
Latvia66666662
Cape Verde76767624
Luxembourg12012010058
Mongolia1551005050
Cyprus158158158158
Iran282191134129
Jordan285119119119
Estonia310310310303
Czech Republic317308281281
Hungary329329329329
Sri Lanka367345343272
Peru375243243148
Costa Rica408378319268
Philippines427427427216
Lithuania439493493315
Tunisia449248358245
Panama491419270270
Ukraine533593526514
Honduras578225180176
Croatia583613422387
Nicaragua635562186186
New Zealand689623623623
Bulgaria691691691691
Argentina722228204204
Thailand778648430223
Ethiopia782526356324
Pakistan1,189792591255
Egypt1,190810810610
Morocco1,207787787787
South Korea1,3021,1361,089852
Uruguay1,5161,5051,210845
Chile1,6211,5401,424933
Norway1,6751,162838838
Taiwan1,7231,5251,5011,493
Finland2,0412,1131,5391,005
South Africa2,0852,0941,4711,053
Greece2,8442,6512,3742,152
Romania3,0293,0293,0282,976
Austria3,0452,8282,6322,412
Belgium3,3602,8432,3862,229
Ireland3,5643,1272,8302,486
Japan3,6613,4003,2343,038
Netherlands4,4714,3414,3283,431
Portugal5,3805,3165,3165,079
Denmark5,7585,4765,2275,063
Poland5,8646,3975,7825,100
Italy9,9589,4799,2578,958
United Kingdom20,97018,87215,03013,603
Spain23,49423,17023,07523,025
Germany59,31156,13250,01944,947

Wind Power By Country 2021