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2021 Horse Population

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Horse Population by Country 2024

If you’re a horse lover or owner, then the country you live in may play a role in how much you can take part in this love and the hobbies that come with it. Horse ownership varies tremendously from country to country, with the United States, Mexico, and Brazil regularly leading the charge. Here’s a closer look at which countries have the most horses per capita, and how they enjoy these animals.

The Western Hemisphere Dominates the Top Three Spots

The United States has had the most horse ownership among the world's populations consistently. In both 2020 and 2021, the United States had a horse population of over 10.6 million animals, which was 18% of the world’s population of animals. In the U.S., horse owners use their animals for pleasure riding, showing, and racing primarily, though there are some populations that still use horses for working fields or transportation. Horses are still commonly used in ranch work in the U.S. in mountainous areas where motor vehicles have a hard time reaching stock.

Mexico came in second with over 6 million horses in both years. These are often used in agriculture in rural areas, but they are also used for transportation and recreation. The same is true in Brazil, which had over 5.7 million horses in 2021 and 5.9 million in 2020.

Mongolian, China, and Kazakhstan Are the Leading Asian Countries

While Asian countries have far fewer horses than the Western Hemisphere, three countries stand out with over 3 million horses each. Mongolia, where horses are a rich part of the nation’s history, had the most, with a horse population of 4.3 million in 2021. China came second, with 3.7 million, followed by Kazakhstan with over 3.4 million.

In 2023, these numbers and values are likely to be similar, as they have stayed fairly steady year-over-year. The United States will likely continue to lead the way in horse population and ownership.

Download Table Data

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Country
2021 Horse Population
2020 Horse Population
United States10,667,03510,609,983
Mexico6,404,4556,399,225
Brazil5,777,0465,962,126
Mongolia4,324,4444,093,861
China3,724,9003,671,600
Kazakhstan3,489,7773,139,831
Argentina2,462,9822,586,855
Ethiopia2,192,4432,148,492
Colombia1,600,4151,684,630
Chad1,379,1671,322,760
Russia1,302,9161,310,885
Cuba911,900915,100
Sudan794,045793,251
Peru752,400751,014
Mali607,786595,893
Senegal582,927578,873
Kyrgyzstan547,253539,644
Venezuela527,144526,238
Bolivia512,893509,673
Haiti504,379504,009
Sierra Leone445,118442,910
Uruguay416,271426,257
United Kingdom406,322427,609
Indonesia401,328384,109
Canada399,503399,098
Pakistan375,000373,000
Dominican Republic363,919362,847
South Africa328,220325,435
India326,693340,000
Chile300,945301,481
France291,165290,857
Nicaragua269,111269,086
Niger260,861258,279
Uzbekistan260,393253,625
Philippines245,922245,384
Paraguay220,083228,438
Australia217,402237,181
Ukraine202,000224,400
Ecuador192,187172,574
Morocco190,000190,000
Honduras182,912182,756
Poland156,519185,494
Guatemala133,311132,786
Iran131,531132,187
Costa Rica117,360117,284
Nigeria107,357106,243
Myanmar102,754104,219
Panama101,702103,674
El Salvador99,13798,931
Netherlands97,60290,390
Egypt84,38784,433
Turkey83,71890,007
Tajikistan82,57381,650
Albania75,56878,614
Mauritania66,38366,227
Azerbaijan58,39660,405
Tunisia57,11857,111
Iceland54,06958,466
Vietnam51,87050,941
Iraq51,13750,941
Algeria50,23148,147
North Korea48,32448,288
Fiji47,75947,628
Switzerland47,08446,980
Libya45,71245,689
Timor Leste45,05441,530
Lesotho43,37243,000
Namibia42,86843,335
Burkina Faso42,33142,000
Georgia40,58840,569
New Zealand40,27638,647
Norway36,13334,249
Hungary36,00052,000
Czech Republic33,21338,087
Laos32,31132,215
Cambodia32,18431,836
Belarus29,50033,600
Zimbabwe28,29428,269
Turkmenistan27,11827,295
South Korea25,76825,950
Botswana24,13824,998
Moldova22,60026,020
Afghanistan18,70050,136
Cameroon17,14517,332
Japan14,57914,736
Lithuania12,80912,773
Serbia12,72513,091
Bhutan12,41814,649
Qatar11,96810,936
Armenia11,85911,367
Tonga11,82011,786
North Macedonia11,1409,154
New Caledonia10,76110,806
Syria9,46010,327
Latvia8,4008,300
Thailand7,8477,602
Vanuatu6,8206,749
Belize6,1736,118
Luxembourg4,2544,443
Puerto Rico4,2294,252
Malaysia4,0834,069
Jamaica4,0104,009
Israel4,0004,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,96013,694
Montenegro3,7723,889
Guinea3,5833,551
Ghana3,3123,272
Lebanon3,2333,257
Saudi Arabia2,60412,911
Guinea Bissau2,4822,454
Gambia2,4313,198
Guyana2,4032,403
Jordan2,3982,397
French Polynesia2,2002,200
Kenya2,1832,159
Yemen2,1042,079
Togo2,0722,036
Papua New Guinea2,0432,041
Samoa1,9571,950
Eswatini1,7241,712
Hong Kong1,5471,546
Trinidad and Tobago1,4131,411
Barbados1,2371,238
Sri Lanka1,2281,250
Benin1,1611,156
Kuwait1,1611,158
Saint Lucia1,1041,104
Angola1,0211,019
Somalia893889
Taiwan869866
Cape Verde581576
Malawi554844
Madagascar514509
Antigua and Barbuda496495
United Arab Emirates433431
Suriname332311
Sao Tome and Principe309306
Cook Islands302302
Solomon Islands152152
Mauritius150150
Grenada3030
Total58,160,16057,887,185
showing: 141 rows

Which country has highest population of horses?

The United States has the highest horse population, with about 18% of the world's population.

Frequently Asked Questions

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