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Charcoal Production 2022 (tons)

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Charcoal Production by Country 2024

China is the world's largest producer and consumer of coal, mining 4,320 million cubic feet annually in 2023.

While China’s coal output has been increasing at an impressive rate, its level of production has led to environmental and safety concerns. Chief among these are an excessive waste of coal resources and a large number of worker casualties.

Other Leading Producers

India: India has some of the world's largest coal reserves at approximately 267 billion tonnes. The energy derived from coal in India is about twice that of energy derived from oil.

Russia: This country ranks fifth position in coal production and holds the world’s second-largest coal reserves, estimated at 175 billion tonnes. Most of its coal is located east of the Ural Mountains in Siberia.

United States: The U.S. has significant coal reserves, primarily in the Allegheny and Appalachian Mountains. However, mechanization and increasing natural gas use have set the U.S. coal industry on a declining path.

South Africa: Leading the African continent in coal production, South Africa’s coal mining mainly occurs in the East Rand around Witbank, the Vaal valley, and the Waterberg in the Limpopo Province.

Market Trends

According to the International Energy Agency, the COVID-19 pandemic, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and a strong post-pandemic economic bounceback made for three turbulent years in the coal markets.

2023 has been the first year of relative predictability and stability in some time, with global coal demand growing by about 1.5% to a total of 4.7 billion tonnes. This represents an increase of 2% in non-power industrial applications and 1% in power generation.

China and India were the main drivers of this growth, with each country increasing their consumption by about 5% during the first half of the year. Meanwhile, coal demand fell by 24% and 16% in the U.S. and European Union, respectively.

Environmental and Social Impact

Coal mining regions are often associated with significant social, cultural, and environmental impacts. In China, for instance, the rapid increase in coal production has led to serious environmental damage and safety concerns.

The continued use of coal and other fossil fuels is thought to be a significant contributor to the pressing issue of climate change. As renewable energy sources pick up steam and achieve mainstream adoption, coal use worldwide will likely decline.

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Country
Charcoal Production 2022 (tons)
Charcoal Production 2021 (tons)
Charcoal Production 2020 (tons)
Brazil7,299,0007,299,0006,558,000
Ethiopia4,838,4264,838,4264,728,055
Nigeria4,828,6894,828,6894,750,741
DR Congo2,884,4432,884,4432,797,690
Ghana2,225,8012,225,8012,171,097
Tanzania2,210,9412,210,9412,150,576
India1,891,4451,891,4451,881,938
China1,596,4871,596,4871,610,123
Thailand1,553,5881,553,5881,535,384
Madagascar1,543,9181,543,9181,504,682
Egypt1,489,0511,489,0511,478,290
Somalia1,465,4211,465,4211,413,750
Zambia1,296,0001,296,0001,296,000
Uganda1,232,0521,232,0521,202,154
Kenya1,208,0001,208,0001,208,000
United States852,000852,000852,000
Niger817,652817,652794,332
Burkina Faso780,233780,233761,044
Algeria775,918775,918768,316
Indonesia664,000664,000664,000
Malawi631,621631,621617,541
Sudan588,000588,000588,000
Ivory Coast559,057559,057552,064
Cameroon531,605531,605522,301
Chad527,881527,881515,265
Sierra Leone493,633493,633482,879
Mali476,000476,000147,000
Myanmar438,167438,167438,167
Guinea436,043436,043427,766
Paraguay430,000430,000430,000
Angola417,563417,563405,075
Vietnam414,000414,000414,000
Argentina397,321397,321394,327
Liberia344,934344,934333,584
Bangladesh341,543341,543340,624
Senegal300,000300,000300,000
Togo294,579294,579288,214
South Sudan289,000289,000289,000
Namibia277,476277,476257,355
Burundi264,000264,000264,000
Mozambique263,000263,000263,000
Philippines247,000247,000247,000
Mauritania242,119242,119236,857
Chile238,422238,422239,580
Central African Republic231,277231,277227,744
Tunisia204,000204,000204,000
North Korea171,173171,173169,854
Afghanistan152,765152,765148,599
Eritrea142,000142,000142,000
Poland140,000120,609118,408
Mexico124,000124,000124,000
Ukraine124,00054,000165,000
Morocco120,717120,717119,566
Cuba120,000120,000120,000
Libya117,753117,753116,589
Uruguay117,670117,670117,794
Lesotho116,011116,011114,253
Ecuador105,000105,000105,000
Colombia102,000102,000102,000
Nepal93,29493,29491,876
Laos93,00093,00093,000
Pakistan92,31092,31090,515
Botswana75,12575,12575,126
Gambia73,24273,24271,914
South Africa62,25562,25562,255
Spain60,29760,29781,065
Djibouti56,20356,20355,473
Eswatini54,95454,95453,853
Russia54,53154,53154,531
Saudi Arabia52,83852,83851,711
Jordan52,14752,14751,039
Comoros52,07752,07750,926
France50,00050,00050,000
Benin49,05049,05049,050
Bolivia48,37248,37248,372
Rwanda48,00048,00048,000
Cambodia38,95138,95138,628
Haiti38,46838,46838,468
Bosnia and Herzegovina32,00032,00030,000
Germany30,00030,00030,000
Guyana25,12525,12524,945
Yemen25,00025,00025,000
Gabon24,42024,42024,047
Australia24,00024,00024,000
El Salvador23,56223,56223,390
Iraq22,56722,56722,567
Peru21,53121,53136,250
Honduras21,00021,00021,000
Venezuela20,00020,00020,000
Serbia19,00022,00026,000
Dominican Republic18,81018,81018,845
Mongolia17,74417,74417,595
Malaysia16,00016,00016,000
Nicaragua16,00016,00016,000
Reunion14,49714,49714,532
Guatemala13,70513,70513,705
Costa Rica13,55013,55013,367
Croatia13,01613,01612,580
Zimbabwe12,16812,16812,066
Japan12,00012,00013,000
Equatorial Guinea11,67711,67711,446
Hong Kong11,45911,45911,652
Jamaica11,19311,19311,055
French Guiana10,32610,32610,090
Sao Tome and Principe10,04510,04510,045
Italy10,00010,00010,000
Bhutan8,8878,8878,887
Portugal8,8008,5398,139
Suriname8,6648,6648,586
South Korea8,0008,0008,000
Latvia8,0008,0008,000
Oman7,8797,8797,684
Papua New Guinea7,1777,1777,077
Czech Republic6,0716,0716,071
Republic of the Congo5,8865,8865,692
Belarus5,3605,3605,360
Panama5,1815,1815,175
United Kingdom5,0005,0005,000
Azerbaijan5,0005,0005,000
Singapore4,4994,4994,569
Slovakia4,1004,0003,800
Kazakhstan3,3002,8001,700
Kuwait3,2043,2043,171
Lebanon3,0003,0003,000
United Arab Emirates2,7502,7502,744
Syria2,7002,7002,700
Fiji2,5192,5192,509
Bulgaria2,2982,2982,298
Guadeloupe2,1412,1412,136
Sweden2,0002,0002,000
Montenegro2,0002,0002,000
Cyprus1,9881,2731,127
Sri Lanka1,9001,9001,873
Trinidad and Tobago1,8111,8111,816
Martinique1,7751,7751,777
Solomon Islands1,5771,5771,548
Bahrain1,2061,2061,194
Uzbekistan1,191485353
Bahamas1,1611,1611,155
Austria1,0961,4631,442
Macau1,0711,0711,089
Slovenia1,0001,0001,000
Maldives922922910
Cape Verde921921921
Belize823823823
Turkey800800800
Qatar776776776
Vanuatu697697680
New Caledonia670670660
Samoa579579579
French Polynesia551551547
Moldova548548522
Kiribati432432424
Micronesia392392388
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines368368368
Saint Lucia346346347
Brunei336336336
Romania3272,0401,646
Greece303303303
Barbados294294294
Iran292292292
Aruba272272260
Tonga251251251
Dominica234234234
Turks and Caicos Islands154154154
Falkland Islands141141141
Switzerland124124172
British Virgin Islands828282
Lithuania7373408
Niue666
Mauritius333
Netherlands000
Belgium000
Hungary000
Israel000
Kyrgyzstan000
Turkmenistan000
Denmark000
Finland000
Norway000
New Zealand000
Ireland000
Georgia000
Albania000
Armenia000
North Macedonia000
Timor Leste000
Estonia000
Luxembourg000
Malta000
Iceland000
Seychelles000
Faroe Islands000
Liechtenstein000
Gibraltar000
Total54,781,81354,695,22053,038,556
showing: 195 rows

Which country produces the most charcoal?

China produces the most coal, with 4,320 million cubic feet annually.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources