Carmi is a city located in White County Illinois. It is also the county seat of White County. With a 2020 population of 4,789, it is the 343rd largest city in Illinois and the 6788th largest city in the United States. Carmi is currently declining at a rate of -0.79% annually and its population has decreased by -1.56% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 4,865 in 2020. Spanning over 3 miles, Carmi has a population density of 1,931 people per square mile.
The average household income in Carmi is $54,627 with a poverty rate of 14.76%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $668 per month, and the median house value is $72,900. The median age in Carmi is 42.7 years, 39.2 years for males, and 48.3 years for females.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Carmiwas:
Rate of Home Ownership
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.
97.81% of Carmi residents speak only English, while 2.19% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.09% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Carmi is Black, with 78.57% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Carmi is Hispanic, with 22.45% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.07%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.11%.
Number of Veterans
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Carmi
99.18% of Carmi residents were born in the United States, with 64.87% having been born in Illinois. 0.39% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.