Central Pennington, South Dakota Population 2024

15,477

Central Pennington is a city located in Meade County and Pennington County South Dakota. Central Pennington has a 2024 population of 15,477. Central Pennington is currently growing at a rate of 1.16% annually and its population has increased by 4.4% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 14,825 in 2020.

The average household income in Central Pennington is $98,366 with a poverty rate of 12.52%. The median age in Central Pennington is 43.9 years: 43.1 years for males, and 45.7 years for females.

Central Pennington Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Central Pennington was:

  • White: 84.87%
  • Two or more races: 8.31%
  • Native American: 4.6%
  • Asian: 1.01%
  • Black or African American: 0.63%
  • Other race: 0.58%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
84.8 sq mi
Density (mi²)
182.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
4.4% (652)
The current population of Central Pennington, South Dakota is 15,477 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 14,825.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White12,64084.87%
Two or more races1,2388.31%
Native American6854.6%
Asian1501.01%
Black or African American940.63%
Other race860.58%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Two or more races

Native American

Asian

Black or African American

Other race

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Central Pennington Population by Race

Central Pennington Population Pyramid 2024

Central Pennington Median Age

43.9

Total

43.1

Male

45.7

Female

Central Pennington Adults

There are 11,634 adults, (2,539 of whom are seniors) in Central Pennington.

Central Pennington Age Dependency

63.7

Age Dependency Ratio

27.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Central Pennington Sex Ratio

Female6,78445.55%
Male8,10954.45%

Central Pennington Population by Age

Central Pennington Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All5,9962.4893.96.1
Married3,3442.9198.61.4
Non Family1,8791.3987.812.2
Female5083.6282.317.7
Male2652.731000

2.91

Average Family Size

2.48

Average Household Size

93.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Central Pennington Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade2962.81%
Associates Degree1,59215.11%
Bachelors Degree1,59815.17%
Graduate Degree1,0179.65%
High School Graduate3,27131.05%
Less Than 9th Grade2332.21%
Some College2,52723.99%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Central Pennington Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Central Pennington Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White9,2538,7962,421
2+ Races59957476
Native American35734531
Hispanic21321345
Asian1007224
Other Race474718
Black1580

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 38.3%.

Central Pennington Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$52,367$0$44,776
Graduate Degree$64,510$78,125$58,350
High School Graduate$40,170$41,091$35,000
Less Than 9th Grade$34,024$33,608$41,250
Overall$41,432$48,498$37,770
Some College$38,991$50,443$36,159

$41,432

Average Earnings

$48,498

Average Male

$37,770

Average Female

Central Pennington Earnings by Educational Attainment

Central Pennington Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Central Pennington Language

97.25% of Central Pennington residents speak only English, while 2.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.19% of the population.

Central Pennington Language

Central Pennington Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White11,9791,39111.61%
Native68536653.43%
Multiple1,238927.43%

12.52%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.31%

Male Poverty Rate

16.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Central Pennington

The race most likely to be in poverty in Central Pennington is Native, with 53.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Central Pennington is Multiple, with 7.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.22%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.41%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.93%.

Central Pennington Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
High School15.74%
Less Than 9th Grade7.18%
Bachelors or Greater4.59%
Some College4.52%

Central Pennington Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Employed9.39%
Male Employed4.65%
Male Unemployed0%
Female Unemployed0%

Central Pennington Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Central Pennington Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$88,936$112,161
Households$73,141$98,366
Married Families$99,381$-999,999,999
Non Families$51,765$63,683

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Central Pennington Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

57.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

56.5%

Male Marriage Rate

58.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Central Pennington Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Central Pennington Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Central Pennington Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Central Pennington Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,340

Number of Veterans

1,216

Male Veterans

124

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
First Gulf War425
Vietnam345
Second Gulf War303
Korea64
World War II0

Central Pennington Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
55 to 64569
65 to 74292
35 to 54231
75+202
18 to 3446

Central Pennington Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White1,25812.26%
2+ Races467.34%
Hispanic4615.38%
Other Race2933.72%
Black746.67%

Central Pennington Veterans by Race

Central Pennington Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

3.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.97%

Veteran Disability Rate

Central Pennington Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

68.7%

Labor Force Participation

63.8%

Employment Rate

5.3%

Unemployment Rate

Central Pennington Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Central Pennington Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Central Pennington Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

57.97%

Born in Central Pennington

98.39%

Native Born

1.61%

Foreign Born

0.65%

Non Citizen

0.96%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.39% of Central Pennington residents were born in the United States, with 57.97% having been born in South Dakota. 0.65% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Central Pennington Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202916,3671781.1%
202816,1891781.11%
202716,0111781.12%
202615,8331781.14%
202515,6551781.15%
202415,4771781.16%
202315,2991781.18%
202215,1211781.19%
202114,9431180.8%
202014,825-1,515-9.27%
201916,3402181.35%
201816,1221851.16%
201715,9371010.64%
201615,8361370.87%
201515,699870.56%
201415,6121330.86%
201315,4792651.74%
201215,2142531.69%
201114,9611430.97%
201014,81800%

Central Pennington Population by Year