Coal, Pennsylvania Population 2024

8,776

Coal is a city located in Northumberland County Pennsylvania. Coal has a 2024 population of 8,776. Coal is currently declining at a rate of -3.76% annually and its population has decreased by -13.33% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,126 in 2020.

The average household income in Coal is $60,538 with a poverty rate of 12.89%. The median age in Coal is 43.3 years: 40.6 years for males, and 50.8 years for females.

Coal Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Coal was:

  • White: 81.23%
  • Black or African American: 14.98%
  • Other race: 1.9%
  • Two or more races: 1.73%
  • Asian: 0.16%
  • Native American: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
26.3 sq mi
Density (mi²)
333.60/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-13.33% (-1,350)
The current population of Coal, Pennsylvania is 8,776 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 10,126.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White8,08281.23%
Black or African American1,49114.98%
Other race1891.9%
Two or more races1721.73%
Asian160.16%
Native American00%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Black or African American

Other race

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Coal Population by Race

Coal Population Pyramid 2024

Coal Median Age

43.3

Total

40.6

Male

50.8

Female

Coal Adults

There are 8,761 adults, (1,879 of whom are seniors) in Coal.

Coal Age Dependency

44.6

Age Dependency Ratio

27.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Coal Sex Ratio

Female3,78738.06%
Male6,16361.94%

Coal Population by Age

Coal Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3,5722.0580.419.6
Non Family1,6541.0875.824.2
Married1,4942.8684.715.3
Female2593.179010
Male1652.7973.326.7

2.84

Average Family Size

2.05

Average Household Size

80.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Coal Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade82310.2%
Associates Degree4165.15%
Bachelors Degree6588.15%
Graduate Degree2402.97%
High School Graduate4,46555.32%
Less Than 9th Grade2503.1%
Some College1,21915.1%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Coal Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Coal Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White6,2945,626866
Black1,3871,05016
Hispanic2992347
Other Race1661550
2+ Races1381294
Asian151212

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 93.48%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 80%.

Coal Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$50,323$41,563$50,819
Graduate Degree$62,821$63,472$62,625
High School Graduate$34,156$40,845$27,019
Less Than 9th Grade$21,250$36,607$19,405
Overall$37,299$41,319$32,188
Some College$39,543$54,000$33,487

$37,299

Average Earnings

$41,319

Average Male

$32,188

Average Female

Coal Earnings by Educational Attainment

Coal Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Coal Language

96.7% of Coal residents speak only English, while 3.3% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.32% of the population.

Coal Language

Coal Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White7,09393313.15%
Hispanic129129.3%
Asian1317.69%

12.89%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.95%

Male Poverty Rate

14.75%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Coal

The race most likely to be in poverty in Coal is White, with 13.15% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Coal is Asian, with 7.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.91%.

Coal Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade22.26%
Some College13.82%
High School11.99%
Bachelors or Greater9.48%

Coal Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed21.47%
Female Employed7.81%
Male Employed3%
Female Unemployed0%

Coal Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Coal Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$63,833$81,993
Households$48,023$60,538
Married Families$66,473$-999,999,999
Non Families$26,074$32,785

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Coal Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.3%

Male Marriage Rate

47.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Coal Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Coal Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Coal Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Coal Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

716

Number of Veterans

699

Male Veterans

17

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam232
Second Gulf War159
First Gulf War63
Korea43
World War II0

Coal Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
55 to 64244
75+139
65 to 74135
35 to 54113
18 to 3485

Coal Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White6519.37%
Black654.41%

Coal Veterans by Race

Coal Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

12.08%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.19%

Veteran Disability Rate

Coal Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

40.8%

Labor Force Participation

37.4%

Employment Rate

8.4%

Unemployment Rate

Coal Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Coal Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Coal Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

86.68%

Born in Coal

99.35%

Native Born

0.65%

Foreign Born

0.01%

Non Citizen

0.64%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.35% of Coal residents were born in the United States, with 86.68% having been born in Pennsylvania. 0.01% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Coal Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20297,061-343-4.63%
20287,404-343-4.43%
20277,747-343-4.24%
20268,090-343-4.07%
20258,433-343-3.91%
20248,776-343-3.76%
20239,119-343-3.63%
20229,462-343-3.5%
20219,805-321-3.17%
202010,126810.81%
201910,045-208-2.03%
201810,253-67-0.65%
201710,320-23-0.22%
201610,343-56-0.54%
201510,399-114-1.08%
201410,513-9-0.09%
201310,522-73-0.69%
201210,5951971.89%
201110,398430.42%
201010,35500%

Coal Population by Year