Columbia, Minnesota Population 2024

443

Columbia is a city located in Clearwater County, Mahnomen County, and Polk County Minnesota. Columbia has a 2024 population of 443. Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.23% annually and its population has increased by 0.45% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 441 in 2020.

The average household income in Columbia is $93,490 with a poverty rate of 3.5%. The median age in Columbia is 44.8 years: 46.5 years for males, and 44.3 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 91.9%
  • Two or more races: 6.78%
  • Native American: 0.66%
  • Asian: 0.66%
  • Black or African American: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
  • Other race: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
34.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
12.80/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
0.45% (2)
The current population of Columbia, Minnesota is 443 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 441.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White42091.9%
Two or more races316.78%
Native American30.66%
Asian30.66%
Black or African American00%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%
Other race00%

White

Two or more races

Native American

Asian

Black or African American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2024

Columbia Median Age

44.8

Total

46.5

Male

44.3

Female

Columbia Adults

There are 327 adults, (74 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

80.6

Age Dependency Ratio

29.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

51.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female23350.98%
Male22449.02%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All1662.7595.24.8
Married1133.3394.75.3
Non Family521.598.11.9
Female130100
Male0000

3.32

Average Family Size

2.75

Average Household Size

95.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbia Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade216.75%
Associates Degree6922.19%
Bachelors Degree5918.97%
Graduate Degree258.04%
High School Graduate6922.19%
Less Than 9th Grade41.29%
Some College6420.58%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White30027584
2+ Races770
Hispanic550
Asian330
Native American110

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 28%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$0$0$78,333
Graduate Degree$41,641$0$41,484
High School Graduate$27,500$39,167$19,167
Less Than 9th Grade$23,333$0$0
Overall$48,235$51,250$41,324
Some College$56,250$72,589$38,750

$48,235

Average Earnings

$51,250

Average Male

$41,324

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbia Language

97.27% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 2.73% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.82% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White420163.81%

3.5%

Overall Poverty Rate

2.68%

Male Poverty Rate

4.29%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 3.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 3.81% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.7%. Among those working part-time, it was 1.15%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.73%.

Columbia Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade20%
High School5.8%
Some College5.26%
Bachelors or Greater0%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Employed1.59%
Male Unemployed0%
Female Employed0%
Female Unemployed0%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$90,000$107,334
Households$83,333$93,490
Married Families$93,750$-999,999,999
Non Families$54,000$63,138

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

68.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

67.2%

Male Marriage Rate

70.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 20-34.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbia Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

39

Number of Veterans

37

Male Veterans

2

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam24
Korea5
First Gulf War4
Second Gulf War2
World War II0

Columbia Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
55 to 6417
75+9
35 to 547
65 to 746
18 to 340

Columbia Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White3812.03%
Native American1100%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

2.56%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.08%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

67.4%

Labor Force Participation

66.2%

Employment Rate

1.8%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

71.55%

Born in Columbia

98.69%

Native Born

1.31%

Foreign Born

0.66%

Non Citizen

0.66%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.69% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 71.55% having been born in Minnesota. 0.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202944810.22%
202844710.22%
202744610.22%
202644510.23%
202544410.23%
202444310.23%
202344210.23%
202244110.23%
2021440-1-0.23%
2020441-32-6.77%
201947310.21%
2018472-4-0.84%
201747600%
201647640.85%
201547220.43%
201447000%
201347030.64%
201246710.21%
2011466-1-0.21%
201046700%

Columbia Population by Year