El Cajon, California Population 2020

103,113

El Cajon is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 103,113, it is the 73rd largest city in California and the 307th largest city in the United States. El Cajon is currently declining at a rate of -0.06% annually but its population has increased by 3.65% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,478 in 2010. El Cajon reached it's highest population of 103,573 in 2016. Spanning over 15 miles, El Cajon has a population density of 7,105 people per square mile.

The average household income in El Cajon is $69,918 with a poverty rate of 21.70%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,277 per month, and the median house value is $430,700. The median age in El Cajon is 34 years, 32.5 years for males, and 35.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 102.7 males.

El Cajon Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Cajon was:

  • White: 73.51%
  • Other race: 9.26%
  • Two or more races: 6.47%
  • Black or African American: 6.00%
  • Asian: 3.79%
  • Native American: 0.52%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.44%
The current population of El Cajon, California is 103,113, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 103,241.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 99,478.

El Cajon, California Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White75,92373.51%
Some Other Race9,5669.26%
Two or More Races6,6856.47%
Black or African American6,1966.00%
Asian3,9183.79%
American Indian and Alaska Native5380.52%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4590.44%

El Cajon Population Pyramid 2020

El Cajon Median Age

34


Total

32.5


Male

35.7


Female

El Cajon Adults

There are 77,036 adults, (12,341 of whom are seniors) in El Cajon.

El Cajon Age Dependency

59.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.6

Child Dependency Ratio

El Cajon Sex Ratio

Female

50,951

49.33%

Male

52,334

50.67%

El Cajon Households and Families

El Cajon Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

El Cajon Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.3%52.7%
All39.3%60.7%
Non Family35.7%64.3%
Female28.1%71.9%
Male23.9%76.1%

39.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All32,8443.0639.3
Married16,0643.7147.3
Non Family9,3431.4835.7
Female5,0043.6428.1
Male2,4333.6623.9

3.58

Average Family Size

3.06

Average Household Size

6.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

El Cajon Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,5649.78%
9th to 12th Grade4,8557.23%
High School Graduate18,67427.81%
Some College18,46527.50%
Associates Degree5,1077.61%
Bachelors Degree9,43414.05%
Graduate Degree4,0386.01%

El Cajon Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White42,72436,9479,465
Hispanic15,40410,8132,062
Other Race5,4893,588556
Black3,8623,587690
Multiple Races2,9782,349541
Asian2,6832,200888
Islander34033825
Native American33629592

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 99.41%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 33.10%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,027$36,440$29,818
Less Than High School$20,434$23,839$15,894
High School Grad$31,093$34,933$26,326
Some College$32,100$36,960$28,916
Bachelors Degree$42,793$43,498$41,980
Graduate Degree$75,244$81,125$64,556

$33,027

Average Earnings

$36,440

Average Male

$29,818

Average Female

El Cajon Language

El Cajon Language by Age

El Cajon Language

55.91% of El Cajon residents speak only English, while 44.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 20.32% of the population.

El Cajon Poverty

El Cajon Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White57,84912,74822.04%
Hispanic29,0705,65819.46%
Other9,4902,06221.73%
Multiple6,6381,97829.80%
Black6,0351,48324.57%
Asian3,84767517.55%
Native52510720.38%
Islander456306.58%

21.70%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.81%

Male Poverty Rate

22.62%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Cajon

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Cajon is Multiple, with 29.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Cajon is Islander, with 6.58% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.21%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.78%
High School20.40%
Some College15.63%
Bachelors or Greater9.27%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.57%
Male Unemployed44.16%
Male Employed11.07%
Female Employed8.99%

El Cajon Income

El Cajon Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,593$69,918
Families$60,818$76,333
Married Families$70,821$87,535
Non Families$34,776$48,661

El Cajon Marital Status

El Cajon Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.1%

Male Marriage Rate

44.2%

Female Marriage Rate

El Cajon Married by Age and Sex

El Cajon Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

El Cajon Marital Status by Race

El Cajon Veterans

7,136

Number of Veterans

6,370

Male Veterans

766

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,415
First Gulf War2,044
Vietnam1,896
Korea459
World War II168
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,155
18 to 341,532
65 to 741,276
55 to 641,116
75+1,057
Name Veterans % of Total
White5,0438.77%
Black1,09624.85%
Hispanic9454.99%
Other3064.48%
Asian2918.77%
2 or More2877.74%
Indian5815.98%
Hawaiian5516.13%

$El Cajon Veterans by Education

11.50%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Cajon Employment Status

62.4%

Labor Force Participation

55.7%

Employment Rate

9.8%

Unemployment Rate

El Cajon Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.77%

Born in California

70.55%

Native Born

29.45%

Foreign Born

16.43%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.55% of El Cajon residents were born in the United States, with 49.77% having been born in California. 16.43% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020103,113-64-0.06%
2019103,177-64-0.06%
2018103,241-268-0.26%
2017103,509-64-0.06%
2016103,5733250.31%
2015103,2484710.46%
2014102,7775030.49%
2013102,2747830.77%
2012101,4917610.76%
2011100,7309760.98%
201099,7544,8850.50%
200094,8696,1760.68%
199088,69314,8011.84%
198073,89221,6193.52%
197052,27314,6553.34%
196037,61832,01820.98%
19505,6004,12914.30%
19401,4714213.43%
19301,0505818.39%
19204691692.26%
19003000.00%