El Cajon, California Population 2021

102,042
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El Cajon is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 102,042, it is the 74th largest city in California and the 313th largest city in the United States. El Cajon is currently declining at a rate of -0.33% annually but its population has increased by 2.58% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,478 in 2010. El Cajon reached it's highest population of 103,527 in 2016. Spanning over 15 miles, El Cajon has a population density of 7,032 people per square mile.

The average household income in El Cajon is $73,911 with a poverty rate of 19.31%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,339 per month, and the median house value is $445,600. The median age in El Cajon is 34 years, 32.3 years for males, and 35.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.3 males.

El Cajon Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Cajon was:

  • White: 74.28%
  • Other race: 9.84%
  • Black or African American: 5.98%
  • Two or more races: 5.80%
  • Asian: 3.25%
  • Native American: 0.44%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.41%
The current population of El Cajon, California is 102,042, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 103,041.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 99,478.

El Cajon, California Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White76,64674.28%
Some Other Race10,1509.84%
Black or African American6,1685.98%
Two or More Races5,9875.80%
Asian3,3523.25%
American Indian and Alaska Native4550.44%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4280.41%
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El Cajon Population by Race

El Cajon Population Pyramid 2021

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El Cajon Median Age

34


Total

32.3


Male

35.5


Female

El Cajon Adults

There are 77,113 adults, (12,050 of whom are seniors) in El Cajon.

El Cajon Age Dependency

58.6

Age Dependency Ratio

18.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.1

Child Dependency Ratio

El Cajon Sex Ratio

Female

51,260

49.68%

Male

51,926

50.32%

El Cajon Population by Age

El Cajon Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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El Cajon Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.8%52.2%
All39.8%60.2%
Non Family36.8%63.2%
Female26%74%
Male25.2%74.8%

39.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

El Cajon Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All32,9503.0539.8
Married16,1873.7347.8
Non Family9,4421.4436.8
Female5,1043.5826
Male2,2173.7725.2

3.59

Average Family Size

3.05

Average Household Size

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El Cajon Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,1569.12%
9th to 12th Grade4,6366.87%
High School Graduate18,83927.91%
Some College18,46727.35%
Associates Degree5,3057.86%
Bachelors Degree9,71714.39%
Graduate Degree4,3896.50%
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El Cajon Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

El Cajon Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White43,36937,9679,845
Hispanic15,49711,0592,163
Other Race5,8383,770720
Black3,6123,311712
Multiple Races2,6032,237608
Asian2,4402,074786
Islander34129729
Native American29526392

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 91.67%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 32.21%.

El Cajon Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,327$37,454$31,185
Less Than High School$22,109$25,703$18,505
High School Grad$30,695$32,235$26,541
Some College$35,021$39,451$30,489
Bachelors Degree$44,753$47,962$42,439
Graduate Degree$68,586$77,679$62,981

$34,327

Average Earnings

$37,454

Average Male

$31,185

Average Female

El Cajon Earnings by Educational Attainment

El Cajon Language by Age

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El Cajon Language

56.53% of El Cajon residents speak only English, while 43.47% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 20.12% of the population.

El Cajon Language

El Cajon Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White59,29212,21520.60%
Hispanic28,2824,38915.52%
Other10,0151,99219.89%
Multiple5,9511,45424.43%
Black6,0091,21720.25%
Asian3,29460018.21%
Native4479120.36%
Islander4245112.03%

19.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.62%

Male Poverty Rate

20.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Cajon

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Cajon is Multiple, with 24.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Cajon is Islander, with 12.03% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.66%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.99%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.47%.

El Cajon Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.09%
High School18.69%
Some College14.38%
Bachelors or Greater9.76%

El Cajon Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.41%
Male Unemployed33.53%
Male Employed9.75%
Female Employed7.83%

El Cajon Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

El Cajon Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$55,309$73,911
Families$64,427$81,825
Married Families$75,795$93,349
Non Families$36,351$48,719
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Income by Household Type

El Cajon Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.3%

Male Marriage Rate

44.2%

Female Marriage Rate

El Cajon Married by Age and Sex

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El Cajon Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

El Cajon Marital Status by Race

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El Cajon Marital Status

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6,367

Number of Veterans

5,681

Male Veterans

686

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,033
Vietnam1,756
First Gulf War1,673
Korea441
World War II155

El Cajon Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,805
18 to 341,234
55 to 641,167
65 to 741,113
75+1,048

El Cajon Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,6748.00%
Hispanic9114.79%
Black79418.92%
Asian31810.70%
Other3134.31%
2 or More2076.61%
Indian3710.88%
Hawaiian247.04%

El Cajon Veterans by Race

El Cajon Veterans by Education

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8.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.41%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Cajon Veterans by Education

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63%

Labor Force Participation

57.4%

Employment Rate

8%

Unemployment Rate

El Cajon Employment by Age

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El Cajon Employment by Race

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El Cajon Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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50.44%

Born in California

70.95%

Native Born

29.05%

Foreign Born

15.52%

Non Citizen

13.53%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

70.95% of El Cajon residents were born in the United States, with 50.44% having been born in California. 15.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

El Cajon Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021102,042-333-0.33%
2020102,375-333-0.32%
2019102,708-333-0.32%
2018103,041-427-0.41%
2017103,468-59-0.06%
2016103,5272970.29%
2015103,2304410.43%
2014102,7894860.48%
2013102,3037660.75%
2012101,5377420.74%
2011100,7959720.97%
201099,8234,9540.51%
200094,8696,1760.68%
199088,69314,8011.84%
198073,89221,6193.52%
197052,27314,6553.34%
196037,61832,01820.98%
19505,6004,12914.30%
19401,4714213.43%
19301,0505818.39%
19204691692.26%
19003000.00%

El Cajon Population by Year