Olney, Illinois Population 2021

9,625
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Olney is a city located in Richland County Illinois. Olney has a 2020 population of 9,625. It is also the county seat of Richland County. Olney is currently declining at a rate of -1.20% annually and its population has decreased by -6.63% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,309 in 2010. Olney reached it's highest population of 10,309 in 2010.

The average household income in Olney is $56,934 with a poverty rate of 17.70%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $548 per month, and the median house value is $92,500. The median age in Olney is 42.4 years, 40.8 years for males, and 43.5 years for females.

Olney Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Olney was:

  • White: 95.10%
  • Two or more races: 1.60%
  • Black or African American: 1.16%
  • Other race: 0.77%
  • Native American: 0.71%
  • Asian: 0.67%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Olney, Illinois is 9,625 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 9,976.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,309.

Olney, Illinois Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White9,53495.10%
Two or More Races1601.60%
Black or African American1161.16%
Some Other Race770.77%
American Indian and Alaska Native710.71%
Asian670.67%
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Olney Population by Race

Olney Population Pyramid $2021

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Olney Median Age

42.4


Total

40.8


Male

43.5


Female

Olney Adults

There are 7,762 adults, (2,208 of whom are seniors) in Olney.

Olney Age Dependency

80.5

Age Dependency Ratio

39.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Olney Sex Ratio

Female

5,156

51.43%

Male

4,869

48.57%

Olney Population by Age

Olney Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Olney Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married85.6%14.4%
Male68.8%31.3%
All63.1%36.9%
Non Family44.7%55.3%
Female44.1%55.9%

63.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Olney Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All4,2642.2863.1
Married1,8102.985.6
Non Family1,7491.1544.7
Female5133.3444.1
Male1923.8868.8

2.89

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

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Olney Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2042.93%
9th to 12th Grade6198.89%
High School Graduate2,01828.97%
Some College1,42320.43%
Associates Degree1,12616.16%
Bachelors Degree1,11315.98%
Graduate Degree4636.65%
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Olney Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Olney Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White6,6945,8991,501
Hispanic797936
Native American7146
2+ Races4444
Asian434331
Other Race383819
Black35328

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 72.09%.

Olney Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,191$43,234$23,830
Less Than 9th Grade$24,500$$22,813
High School Graduate$25,881$38,964$15,288
Some College$30,158$41,477$20,847
Bachelors Degree$45,547$49,632$41,402
Graduate Degree$59,848$64,219$58,068

$32,191

Average Earnings

$43,234

Average Male

$23,830

Average Female

Olney Earnings by Educational Attainment

Olney Language by Age

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Olney Language

96.53% of Olney residents speak only English, while 3.47% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.77% of the population.

Olney Language

Olney Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White9,1381,50216.44%
Hispanic2369640.68%
Black999191.92%
Multiple1604025.00%

17.70%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.03%

Male Poverty Rate

18.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Olney

The race most likely to be in poverty in Olney is Black, with 91.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Olney is White, with 16.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.91%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.97%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.22%.

Olney Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade37.81%
High School17.10%
Some College13.27%
Bachelors or Greater6.72%

Olney Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed51.13%
Male Unemployed45.81%
Female Employed8.80%
Male Employed8.31%

Olney Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Olney Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$41,515$56,934
Families$59,136$70,513
Married Families$76,103-
Non Families$24,776$33,055
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Income by Household Type

Olney Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.5%

Male Marriage Rate

46.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Olney Married by Age and Sex

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Olney Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Olney Marital Status by Race

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Olney Marital Status

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709

Number of Veterans

666

Male Veterans

43

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam192
Korea152
First Gulf War86
World War II69
Second Gulf War50

Olney Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+351
65 to 74181
35 to 5475
55 to 6465
18 to 3437

Olney Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6999.37%
Native American1014.08%

Olney Veterans by Race

Olney Veterans by Education

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7.84%

Veteran Poverty Rate

41.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Olney Veterans by Education

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58.3%

Labor Force Participation

54.1%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Olney Employment by Age

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Olney Employment by Race

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Olney Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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75.82%

Born in Olney

97.82%

Native Born

2.18%

Foreign Born

1.59%

Non Citizen

0.60%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.82% of Olney residents were born in the United States, with 75.82% having been born in Illinois. 1.59% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Olney Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20219,625-117-1.20%
20209,742-117-1.19%
20199,859-117-1.17%
20189,976-92-0.91%
201710,06810.01%
201610,067-81-0.80%
201510,148-44-0.43%
201410,19260.06%
201310,186-81-0.79%
201210,267-36-0.35%
201110,303-6-0.06%
201010,3090.00%

Olney Population by Year