Olney, Illinois Population 2024

8,203

Olney is a city located in Richland County Illinois. Olney has a 2024 population of 8,203. It is also the county seat of Richland County.Olney is currently declining at a rate of -1.7% annually and its population has decreased by -5.56% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 8,686 in 2020.

The average household income in Olney is $66,655 with a poverty rate of 18.24%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Olney is 40.6 years, 38.9 years for males, and 41.7 years for females.

Olney Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Olney was:

  • White: 92.45%
  • Two or more races: 4.19%
  • Other race: 1.93%
  • Black or African American: 1.05%
  • Asian: 0.32%
  • Native American: 0.06%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
6.9 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,183.50/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-5.56% (-483)
The current population of Olney, Illinois is 8,203 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 8,686.

Olney, Illinois Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White8,31692.45%
Two or more races3774.19%
Other race1741.93%
Black or African American941.05%
Asian290.32%
Native American50.06%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Other race

Black or African American

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Olney Population by Race

Olney Population Pyramid 2024

Olney Median Age

40.6

Total

38.9

Male

41.7

Female

Olney Adults

There are 6,735 adults, (1,810 of whom are seniors) in Olney.

Olney Age Dependency

82.6

Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Olney Sex Ratio

Female4,59251.05%
Male4,40348.95%

Olney Population by Age

Olney Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3,6542.3765.234.8
Non Family1,4581.2852.747.3
Married1,4363.0686.613.4
Female4843.0234.365.7
Male2763.3974.625.4
showing: 5 rows

2.94

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

65.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Olney Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Olney Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Olney Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100%.

Olney Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$40,243

Average Earnings

$42,762

Average Male

$37,659

Average Female

Olney Earnings by Educational Attainment

Olney Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Olney Language

96.32% of Olney residents speak only English, while 3.68% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.01% of the population.

Olney Language

Olney Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White7,9511,36417.16%
Multiple37713636.07%
Black797493.67%
Hispanic2616022.99%
Native5240%
showing: 5 rows

18.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.43%

Male Poverty Rate

20%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Olney

The race most likely to be in poverty in Olney is Black, with 93.67% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Olney is White, with 17.16% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.15%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.93%.

Olney Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.37%
Some College18.39%
High School16.78%
Bachelors or Greater8.13%
showing: 4 rows

Olney Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed48.45%
Male Unemployed37.93%
Male Employed10.63%
Female Employed8.25%
showing: 4 rows

Olney Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Olney Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Olney Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

41.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

39.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Olney Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Olney Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Olney Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Olney Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

624

Number of Veterans

543

Male Veterans

81

Female Veterans

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Olney Veterans by War

count

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Olney Veterans by Age

count

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Olney Veterans by Race

Olney Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

5.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

43.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Olney Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

60.9%

Labor Force Participation

57.5%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Olney Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Olney Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Olney Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

74.89%

Born in Olney

97.44%

Native Born

2.56%

Foreign Born

1.48%

Non Citizen

1.08%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.44% of Olney residents were born in the United States, with 74.89% having been born in Illinois. 1.48% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Olney Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20297,493-142-1.86%
20287,635-142-1.83%
20277,777-142-1.79%
20267,919-142-1.76%
20258,061-142-1.73%
20248,203-142-1.7%
20238,345-142-1.67%
20228,487-142-1.65%
20218,629-57-0.66%
20208,68670.08%
20198,679-103-1.17%
20188,782-82-0.93%
20178,864100.11%
20168,854-73-0.82%
20158,927-43-0.48%
20148,97020.02%
20138,968-67-0.74%
20129,035-33-0.36%
20119,068-7-0.08%
20109,0754445.14%
20008,631-33-0.38%
19908,664-362-4.01%
19809,026520.58%
19708,9741942.21%
19608,7801681.95%
19508,6127819.97%
19407,8311,69127.54%
19306,1401,64936.72%
19204,491-520-10.38%
19105,01175117.63%
19004,26042911.2%
18903,8313199.08%
18803,51283231.04%
18702,680
showing: 34 rows

Olney Population by Year