According to current projections, Cambodia’s population is estimated to peak at 22.89 million people in 2069. Following its peak, Cambodia’s population is projected to slowly decline, reaching 21.44 million people by the end of the century.
Cambodia’s population grew 1.41% from 2019 to 2020, adding over 232,000 people to the population. Given Cambodia’s negative net migration, its fertility rate of 2.52 births per woman drives its population growth rate. The fertility rate is on a downward trend, resulting in a slowing population growth rate.
Cambodia’s rural communities lack clean water and proper sanitation, and generational poverty is a serious problem in the country. An increasing population would put a further strain on those resources that the country already lacks and worsen its poverty problem. Luckily, the population growth is expected to slow and stop later in the century.