Cameroon Population 2020 (Live)

26,547,693

According to current projections, Cameroon’s population is projected to increase throughout the rest of the century. Cameroon’s current population of about 26.55 million is expected to increase to 50 million by 2050 and then 89.62 million by 2099.

Despite negative net migration, Cameroon’s population growth rate is 2.59%, adding over 600,000 people to the population every year. This is likely because of Cameroon’s high fertility rate of 4.60 births per woman. Additionally, the birth rate is 34.71 births per 1,000 people and the death rate is 9.028 deaths per 1,000 people.

Cameroon has a young population with a median age of 18.7 years and 41.25% of the population being between zero to 14 years old. With high birth rates expected to continue, the population is also expected to remain relatively young in the future.

The current population of Cameroon is 26,547,693, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 26,545,863.

Cameroon Growth Rate

Cameroon Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Douala1,338,082
Yaounde1,299,369
Garoua436,899
Kousseri435,547
Bamenda393,835
Maroua319,941
Bafoussam290,768
Mokolo275,239
Ngaoundere231,357
Bertoua218,111

Cameroon Area and Population Density

In addition, Cameroon is the 24th largest country with a land area of 475,442 square kilometers (183,521 square miles). The country is sparsely populated, however, with merely 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world for population density.

Largest Cities in Cameroon

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was claimed in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. “The country’s name is derived from Rio dos Camarões (“River of Prawns”)—the name given to the Wouri River estuary by Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1884 the Germans extended the word Kamerun to their entire protectorate, which largely corresponded to the present state” (Britannica, 2018). This evolved into the name ‘Cameroon’ that we are familiar with now. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202026,545,8632.59%56.1652154
201925,876,3802.62%54.7452154
201825,216,2672.65%53.3453155
201724,566,0732.67%51.9754155
201623,926,5512.70%50.6254155
201523,298,3682.75%49.2955156
201020,341,2412.78%43.0358161
200517,733,4102.71%37.5159164
200015,513,9452.67%32.8260167
199513,599,9882.92%28.7761168
199011,780,0883.19%24.9260170
198510,070,8063.16%21.3061170
19808,621,4062.96%18.2468173
19757,451,0542.71%15.7670174
19706,519,7622.46%13.7969175
19655,773,5432.21%12.2169175
19605,176,9181.92%10.9572173
19554,706,9951.79%9.9672170
19504,307,0230.00%9.1172168

Cameroon Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202026,545,8632.59%56.1652154
202530,031,6732.50%63.5352149
203033,766,1212.37%71.4351147
203537,722,4982.24%79.8049140
204041,873,4662.11%88.5847132
204546,172,1371.97%97.6842126
205050,573,0421.84%106.9941118
205555,001,1091.69%116.3540115
206059,426,5111.56%125.7137112
206563,813,2981.44%134.9935105
207068,127,1641.32%144.1233103
207572,332,6861.21%153.0233102
208076,376,7631.09%161.573296
208580,210,9960.98%169.682992
209083,821,2080.88%177.322889
209587,152,3180.78%184.372885

Cameroon Population by Year (Projections)

Cameroon Population Pyramid 2020

Cameroon Population by Age

There are 13,197,304 adults in Cameroon.

Cameroon Population Pyramid

According to current projections, Cameroon’s population is projected to increase throughout the rest of the century. Cameroon’s current population of about 26.55 million is expected to increase to 50 million by 2050 and then 89.62 million by 2099.

Despite negative net migration, Cameroon’s population growth rate is 2.59%, adding over 600,000 people to the population every year. This is likely because of Cameroon’s high fertility rate of 4.60 births per woman. Additionally, the birth rate is 34.71 births per 1,000 people and the death rate is 9.028 deaths per 1,000 people.

Cameroon has a young population with a median age of 18.7 years and 41.25% of the population being between zero to 14 years old. With high birth rates expected to continue, the population is also expected to remain relatively young in the future.

About Cameroon

  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1987, and 2005 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer