How Old is France?

France has undergone many constitutional changes and is difficult to answer. The earliest known unification of the Frankian ( Germanic) tribes was during the reign of Clovis I, starting in 481. The treaty of Verdun in 843 split the Frankish Empire into 3 parts, which were unified under the Capetian dynasty as the Kingdom of France in 987. The current France we know today was created in 1958. This means France (in its name) is as old as 1035 years, or as young as 64 years. Here are some key facts and stats about France.

Basic Info

Capital and largest city: Paris. Coordinates: 48°51′N 2°21′E.

Official language and national language: French

Nationalities (2018)

93.0% French

7.0% Others

Demonym(s): French

Religion (2022)

51.1% Christianity

39.6% No religion

5.6% Islam

0.8% Judaism

2.9% Others

Government Info

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

• President: Emmanuel Macron

• Prime Minister: Élisabeth Borne

• Legislature: Parliament

• Upper house' Senate

• Lower house: National Assembly

History of Establishment

• Reign of Clovis I as King of the Franks: 481–511

• Treaty of Verdun: 10 August 843

• Capetian dynasty: 3 July 987

• First Republic established: 22 September 1792

• Founded the EEC: 1 January 1958

• Current constitution and Fifth Republic: 4 October 1958

Additional Info

• Total Area: 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) (42nd)

• Water (%): 0.86 (2015)

• Metropolitan France (IGN): 551,695 km2 (213,011 sq mi) (50th)

• Metropolitan France (Cadastre): 543,940.9 km2 (210,016.8 sq mi) (50th)

• Population (May 2021 estimate): Neutral increase 67,413,000 (20th)

• Density: 104.7109/km2 (106th)

• Metropolitan France, estimate as of May 2021: Neutral increase of 65,239,000: (23rd)

• Density: 116/km2 (300.4/sq mi) (89th)

• GDP (PPP) 2022 Estimate Total: Increase of $3.667 trillion (10th)

• Per capita: Increase of $56,036 (26th)

• GDP (nominal) 2022 Estimate Total: Increase of $2.936 trillion (7th)

• Per capita: Increase of $44,747 (26rd)

• Gini (2020): Negative increase of 29.3 (low)

• HDI (2019) Increase 0.901 (very high · 26th)

• Currency: Euro (€) (EUR), CFP franc (XPF)

• Time zone: UTC+1 (Central European Time)

• Summer (DST): UTC+2 (Central European Summer Time). Note: Various other time zones are observed in overseas France.

Although France is in the UTC (Z) (Western European Time) zone, UTC+01:00 (Central European Time) was enforced as the standard time since 25 February 1940, upon German occupation in WW2, with a +0:50:39 offset (and +1:50:39 during DST) from Paris LMT (UTC+0:09:21).[13]

• Date format: dd/mm/yyyy (AD)

• Driving side: right

• Calling code: +33

• ISO 3166 code: FR

• Internet TLD: .fr

The source gives the area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).

The Current State of France

France is a representative democracy and one of the world's largest 10 superpowers, both in terms of military and economic power. It is the world's top tourist destination, putting it ahead of both Spain and the United States in the number of people who visit. Because of this, it is one of the largest melting pots of culture in the world.

Date of Initial Sovereignty
Years Since Initial Sovereignty

How Old is France?

How old is France?

The country of France is 1543 years old, founded in the year 481.

Frequently Asked Questions