While St Lucia does have a high emigration rate, its population continues to grow steadily at about 1.2% per year. Many people migrate from the nation to Anglophone countries, particularly the United Kingdom (with 10,000 Saint Lucian-born residents) and the United States.
The capital and largest city is Castries, with a 2014 population of 70,000, or more than one-third of the total population. Castries is a major tourist destination and a cruise ship port.
St Lucia Demographics
St Lucia's population is evenly split between rural and urban areas, despite the high population in Castries. The population is mostly African or of mixed African-European descent, with a small population of Indo-Caribbeans (3%). Afro-Caribbeans account for 68% of the population, followed by mixed (17%) and European (5%).
The official language is English, with Saint Lucian Creole French (called Patwah locally) spoken by 95% of the people. 70% of the population is Roman Catholic, while most of the remaining population belonging to other denominations such as Seventh-day Adventism (7%) and Pentecostalism (6%).
Interestingly, St Lucia has produced the highest ratio of Nobel laureates compared to the total population of any sovereign nation.
Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1951, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001 and 2010 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.