Defense Spending By Country 2021

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National security is the security of a nation-state, regarded as a duty of government. It includes the nation’s citizens, economy, and institutions. National security is a vital priority in several countries worldwide and requires a large budget to be built and maintained. Only 36 countries worldwide do not have a military.

National security requires defense and military spending. In the United States, this includes all regular activities of the Department of Defense, war spending, nuclear weapons spending, international military assistance, and another Pentagon-related spending.

The total world military expenditure was about $1.917 trillion in 2019. The ten countries with the highest defense spending are:

The United States ($750 billion) China ($237 billion) Saudi Arabia ($67.6 billion) India ($61 billion) United Kingdom ($55.1 billion) Germany ($50 billion) Japan ($49 billion) Russia ($48 billion) South Korea ($44 billion) France ($41.5 billion)

The United States spends the most on defense, and more than the next seven countries combined. The United States spent $750 billion on defense in 2020, more than the next seven countries (China, Saudi Arabia, India, France, Russia, the UK, and Germany). National security in the US is the third most expensive government program behind Social Security and Medicare. Historically, the United States has consistently spent more on defense than any other G-7 nation. The U.S. also has the second-largest military worldwide at 1.358 million members.

China is the second-largest defense spender in the world, spending $237 billion in 2020. This is still less than half of what the United States spent. China’s defense spending has increased every year for the past 24 years and was 10 times higher in 2018 than in 1994.

France, the tenth-largest defense spender, has mandatory military service for up to one year. Additionally, Russia requires one year of military service, and South Korea requires military service longer than 18 months.

Defense Spending By Country 2021

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Defense Spending By Country 2021

Country 2019 Spending 2020 Spending (as 2019 USD $) 2015 Spending (as 2019 USD $) % GDP 2020 % GDP 2019 % GDP 2015 2021 Population
United States$734.34 Bn$766.58 Bn$683.68 Bn3.70%3.00%3.50%332,915,073
China$240.33 Bn$244.93 Bn$192.84 Bn1.70%1.00%1.80%1,444,216,107
India$71.47 Bn$73.00 Bn$56.77 Bn2.90%2.00%2.50%1,393,409,038
Russia$65.20 Bn$66.84 Bn$74.65 Bn4.30%3.00%4.90%145,912,025
Saudi Arabia$61.95 Bn$55.53 Bn$88.52 Bn8.40%7.00%13.30%35,340,683
United Kingdom$56.86 Bn$58.48 Bn$54.00 Bn2.20%2.00%2.00%68,207,116
France$50.12 Bn$51.57 Bn$48.03 Bn2.10%1.00%1.90%65,426,179
Germany$49.01 Bn$51.57 Bn$40.57 Bn1.40%1.00%1.10%83,900,473
Japan$47.61 Bn$48.16 Bn$47.60 Bn1.00%0.00%1.00%126,050,804
South Korea$43.89 Bn$46.06 Bn$37.21 Bn2.80%2.00%2.50%51,305,186
Italy$26.38 Bn$28.37 Bn$23.04 Bn1.60%1.00%1.20%60,367,477
Australia$26.08 Bn$27.62 Bn$23.80 Bn2.10%1.00%2.00%25,788,215
Brazil$25.91 Bn$25.10 Bn$25.11 Bn1.40%1.00%1.40%213,993,437
Canada$22.20 Bn$22.85 Bn$18.58 Bn1.40%1.00%1.20%38,067,903
Turkey$20.60 Bn$19.57 Bn$12.04 Bn2.80%2.00%1.80%85,042,738
Israel$20.50 Bn$21.07 Bn$18.26 Bn5.60%5.00%5.50%8,789,774
Spain$17.19 Bn$17.16 Bn$15.97 Bn1.40%1.00%1.30%46,745,216
Iran$12.53 Bn$12.15 Bn$13.96 Bn2.20%2.00%2.80%85,028,759
Netherlands$12.00 Bn$12.21 Bn$9.29 Bn1.40%1.00%1.10%17,173,099
Poland$11.79 Bn$12.81 Bn$10.59 Bn2.20%2.00%2.10%37,797,005
Taiwan$10.99 Bn$11.60 Bn$10.58 Bn1.90%1.00%1.90%23,855,010
Singapore$10.66 Bn$11.02 Bn$9.56 Bn3.20%2.00%3.00%5,896,686
Pakistan$10.39 Bn$10.10 Bn$8.14 Bn4.00%4.00%3.60%225,199,937
Algeria$10.30 Bn$9.96 Bn$10.48 Bn6.70%6.00%6.30%44,616,624
Colombia$10.17 Bn$10.13 Bn$9.15 Bn3.40%3.00%3.10%51,265,844
Indonesia$9.00 Bn$9.49 Bn$8.21 Bn0.90%0.00%0.90%276,361,783
Iraq$7.60 Bn$6.99 Bn$9.49 Bn4.10%3.00%5.40%41,179,350
Norway$7.52 Bn$7.51 Bn$5.91 Bn1.90%1.00%1.50%5,465,630
Kuwait$7.37 Bn$6.94 Bn$6.09 Bn6.50%5.00%5.00%4,328,550
Thailand$7.29 Bn$7.36 Bn$6.42 Bn1.50%1.00%1.40%69,950,850
Mexico$6.65 Bn$6.61 Bn$5.34 Bn0.60%0.00%0.50%130,262,216
Oman$6.55 Bn$6.66 Bn$7.82 Bn10.90%8.00%10.90%5,223,375
Sweden$5.84 Bn$6.23 Bn$5.13 Bn1.20%1.00%1.10%10,160,169
Greece$5.47 Bn$5.24 Bn$4.92 Bn2.80%2.00%2.50%10,370,744
Ukraine$5.42 Bn$6.00 Bn$3.90 Bn4.10%3.00%3.30%43,466,819
Chile$5.18 Bn$5.04 Bn$4.80 Bn1.90%1.00%1.90%19,212,361
Switzerland$5.11 Bn$5.43 Bn$4.44 Bn0.80%0.00%0.60%8,715,494
Belgium$4.76 Bn$5.33 Bn$4.57 Bn1.10%0.00%0.90%11,632,326
Romania$4.61 Bn$5.58 Bn$2.65 Bn2.30%1.00%1.50%19,127,774
Denmark$4.56 Bn$4.84 Bn$3.50 Bn1.40%1.00%1.10%5,813,298
Bangladesh$4.35 Bn$4.33 Bn$3.23 Bn1.30%1.00%1.40%166,303,498
Portugal$4.28 Bn$4.56 Bn$3.74 Bn2.10%1.00%1.80%10,167,925
Malaysia$3.77 Bn$3.91 Bn$4.61 Bn1.10%1.00%1.50%32,776,194
Egypt$3.74 Bn$4.02 Bn$4.82 Bn1.20%1.00%1.70%104,258,327
Morocco$3.72 Bn$4.79 Bn$3.50 Bn4.30%3.00%3.20%37,344,795
Finland$3.63 Bn$3.99 Bn$3.54 Bn1.50%1.00%1.40%5,548,360
Philippines$3.47 Bn$3.50 Bn$3.29 Bn1.00%0.00%1.10%111,046,913
South Africa$3.44 Bn$3.48 Bn$3.76 Bn1.10%1.00%1.10%60,041,994
Austria$3.24 Bn$3.49 Bn$2.87 Bn0.80%0.00%0.70%9,043,070
Argentina$3.13 Bn$3.14 Bn$3.61 Bn0.80%0.00%0.90%45,605,826
New Zealand$2.93 Bn$3.01 Bn$1.95 Bn1.50%1.00%1.10%4,860,643
Peru$2.77 Bn$2.72 Bn$3.50 Bn1.30%1.00%1.70%33,359,418
Lebanon$2.52 Bn$1.04 Bn$2.50 Bn3.00%4.00%4.50%6,769,146
Ecuador$2.40 Bn$2.24 Bn$2.65 Bn2.40%2.00%2.60%17,888,475
Myanmar$2.23 Bn$3.14 Bn$3.82 Bn2.90%2.00%4.30%54,806,012
Bulgaria$2.16 Bn$1.21 Bn$686.00 Mn1.80%3.00%1.20%6,896,663
Hungary$2.05 Bn$2.46 Bn$1.19 Bn1.60%1.00%0.90%9,634,164
Jordan$2.03 Bn$2.08 Bn$1.74 Bn5.00%4.00%4.30%10,269,021
Kazakhstan$1.93 Bn$1.75 Bn$1.63 Bn1.10%1.00%1.10%18,994,962
Nigeria$1.86 Bn$2.40 Bn$1.86 Bn0.60%0.00%0.40%211,400,708
Azerbaijan$1.85 Bn$2.17 Bn$2.33 Bn5.40%3.00%5.50%10,223,342
Slovakia$1.80 Bn$1.78 Bn$1.06 Bn1.80%1.00%1.10%5,460,721
Sri Lanka$1.70 Bn$1.56 Bn$1.85 Bn1.90%2.00%2.60%21,497,310
Bahrain$1.56 Bn$1.41 Bn$1.55 Bn4.10%4.00%4.60%1,748,296
Angola$1.47 Bn$1.30 Bn$2.83 Bn1.60%1.00%3.10%33,933,610
Uruguay$1.16 Bn$1.26 Bn$1.02 Bn2.30%2.00%1.80%3,485,151
Serbia$1.14 Bn$1.09 Bn$813.00 Mn2.10%2.00%1.80%8,697,550
Kenya$1.12 Bn$1.10 Bn$1.03 Bn1.10%1.00%1.30%54,985,698
Ireland$1.11 Bn$1.13 Bn$1.02 Bn0.30%0.00%0.30%4,982,907
Lithuania$1.09 Bn$1.14 Bn$523.00 Mn2.10%2.00%1.10%2,689,862
Croatia$1.00 Bn$1.03 Bn$935.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.80%4,081,651
Tunisia$1.00 Bn$1.05 Bn$820.00 Mn2.90%2.00%2.30%11,935,766
Belarus$774.00 Mn$785.00 Mn$710.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.30%9,442,862
Sudan$722.00 Mn$457.00 Mn$1.15 Bn1.10%1.00%2.70%44,909,353
Latvia$692.00 Mn$739.00 Mn$310.00 Mn2.30%2.00%1.00%1,866,942
Armenia$652.00 Mn$635.00 Mn$461.00 Mn4.90%4.00%4.20%2,968,127
Uganda$648.00 Mn$948.00 Mn$315.00 Mn2.60%1.00%1.00%47,123,531
Estonia$637.00 Mn$687.00 Mn$513.00 Mn2.30%2.00%2.00%1,325,185
Tanzania$619.00 Mn$639.00 Mn$529.00 Mn1.00%1.00%1.10%61,498,437
Dominican Republic$613.00 Mn$627.00 Mn$445.00 Mn0.80%0.00%0.60%10,953,703
Bolivia$598.00 Mn$598.00 Mn$638.00 Mn1.60%1.00%1.70%11,832,940
Cambodia$595.00 Mn$635.00 Mn$361.00 Mn2.40%2.00%1.80%16,946,438
Slovenia$573.00 Mn$562.00 Mn$424.00 Mn1.10%1.00%0.90%2,078,724
Zimbabwe$547.00 Mn-$1.08 Bn0.00%0.00%1.90%15,092,171
Ethiopia$545.00 Mn$460.00 Mn$489.00 Mn0.50%0.00%0.70%117,876,227
Ivory Coast$536.00 Mn$589.00 Mn$579.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.70%27,053,629
Botswana$515.00 Mn$571.00 Mn$407.00 Mn3.50%2.00%2.70%2,397,241
Mali$476.00 Mn$580.00 Mn$308.00 Mn3.30%2.00%2.40%20,855,735
Luxembourg$429.00 Mn$479.00 Mn$294.00 Mn0.80%0.00%0.50%634,814
Nepal$429.00 Mn$425.00 Mn$369.00 Mn1.40%1.00%1.60%29,674,920
Cameroon$422.00 Mn$376.00 Mn$375.00 Mn1.00%1.00%1.10%27,224,265
Brunei$415.00 Mn$440.00 Mn$424.00 Mn4.10%3.00%3.30%441,532
Namibia$414.00 Mn$417.00 Mn$561.00 Mn3.30%3.00%4.40%2,587,344
Honduras$407.00 Mn$392.00 Mn$365.00 Mn1.70%1.00%1.70%10,062,991
Cyprus$402.00 Mn$414.00 Mn$334.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.70%1,215,584
Paraguay$376.00 Mn$391.00 Mn$378.00 Mn1.00%1.00%1.10%7,219,638
Burkina Faso$358.00 Mn$368.00 Mn$150.20 Mn2.70%2.00%1.40%21,497,096
Senegal$357.00 Mn$378.00 Mn$226.00 Mn1.60%1.00%1.20%17,196,301
Dr Congo$353.00 Mn$364.00 Mn$525.00 Mn0.70%0.00%1.30%92,377,993
Guatemala$332.00 Mn$337.00 Mn$295.00 Mn0.50%0.00%0.40%18,249,860
El Salvador$317.00 Mn$371.00 Mn$255.00 Mn1.50%1.00%1.10%6,518,499
Georgia$311.00 Mn$304.00 Mn$281.00 Mn1.80%1.00%2.00%3,979,765
Republic Of The Congo$300.00 Mn$286.00 Mn-3.40%2.00%0.00%5,657,013
Zambia$292.00 Mn$262.00 Mn$367.00 Mn1.20%1.00%1.80%18,920,651
Gabon$267.00 Mn$259.00 Mn$193.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.20%2,278,825
Jamaica$265.00 Mn$247.00 Mn$125.00 Mn1.70%1.00%0.90%2,973,463
Niger$248.00 Mn$225.00 Mn-2.40%2.00%0.00%25,130,817
Chad$235.00 Mn$308.00 Mn$225.00 Mn3.10%2.00%2.00%16,914,985
Ghana$233.00 Mn$237.00 Mn$209.00 Mn0.40%0.00%0.50%31,732,129
Afghanistan$226.00 Mn$262.00 Mn$177.00 Mn1.40%1.00%1.00%39,835,428
Mozambique$217.00 Mn$166.00 Mn$133.00 Mn1.10%1.00%0.80%32,163,047
Guinea$198.00 Mn$201.00 Mn$249.20 Mn1.50%1.00%2.50%13,497,244
Albania$197.00 Mn$216.00 Mn$162.00 Mn1.50%1.00%1.20%2,872,933
South Sudan$186.00 Mn-$1.39 Bn0.00%3.00%10.60%11,381,378
Trinidad And Tobago$173.00 Mn$157.00 Mn$204.00 Mn0.70%0.00%0.80%1,403,375
Togo$170.60 Mn$112.00 Mn$72.00 Mn2.00%3.00%1.70%8,478,250
Mauritania$162.00 Mn$199.00 Mn$130.00 Mn2.50%2.00%2.10%4,775,119
Equatorial Guinea$160.70 Mn-$144.40 Mn0.00%1.00%1.00%1,449,896
North Macedonia$146.00 Mn$154.00 Mn$104.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.00%2,082,658
Kyrgyzstan$129.00 Mn$130.00 Mn$115.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.80%6,628,356
Rwanda$124.10 Mn$142.00 Mn$99.40 Mn1.40%1.00%1.30%13,276,513
Mongolia$100.00 Mn$107.00 Mn$92.00 Mn0.80%0.00%0.90%3,329,289
Malawi$87.00 Mn$85.00 Mn$46.20 Mn1.10%1.00%0.60%19,647,684
Eswatini$86.50 Mn$82.00 Mn$80.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.80%1,172,362
Burundi$84.70 Mn$65.00 Mn$66.70 Mn2.00%2.00%2.20%12,255,433
Tajikistan$84.00 Mn$80.00 Mn$85.60 Mn1.00%1.00%1.30%9,749,627
Malta$83.60 Mn$78.00 Mn$54.80 Mn0.60%0.00%0.50%442,784
Papua New Guinea$80.80 Mn$87.00 Mn$102.00 Mn0.40%0.00%0.50%9,119,010
Fiji$79.50 Mn$75.00 Mn$47.30 Mn1.80%1.00%0.90%902,906
Montenegro$77.70 Mn$100.00 Mn$60.40 Mn2.10%1.00%1.40%628,053
Nicaragua$76.90 Mn$78.00 Mn$97.60 Mn0.70%0.00%0.80%6,702,385
Madagascar$76.60 Mn$87.00 Mn$62.80 Mn0.70%0.00%0.60%28,427,328
Benin$68.10 Mn$68.00 Mn$92.60 Mn0.50%0.00%0.80%12,451,040
Guyana$67.20 Mn$65.00 Mn$48.80 Mn1.20%1.00%1.50%790,326
Lesotho$44.80 Mn$41.00 Mn$47.70 Mn1.60%1.00%1.70%2,159,079
Moldova$43.00 Mn$43.00 Mn$30.60 Mn0.40%0.00%0.30%4,024,019
Central African Republic$41.00 Mn$39.00 Mn$30.80 Mn1.90%1.00%1.70%4,919,981
Timor Leste$34.40 Mn$38.00 Mn$38.00 Mn1.20%1.00%1.20%1,343,873
Sierra Leone$25.60 Mn$20.00 Mn$35.30 Mn0.60%0.00%0.90%8,141,343
Belize$24.50 Mn$24.00 Mn$20.60 Mn1.60%1.00%1.10%404,914
Seychelles$23.50 Mn$24.00 Mn$20.00 Mn1.60%1.00%1.30%98,908
Guinea Bissau$22.60 Mn$22.00 Mn$17.90 Mn1.70%1.00%1.60%2,015,494
Mauritius$22.00 Mn$19.00 Mn$18.30 Mn0.20%0.00%0.10%1,273,433
Liberia$19.20 Mn$15.00 Mn$31.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.10%5,180,203
Gambia$14.50 Mn$14.00 Mn$15.60 Mn0.80%0.00%1.00%2,486,945
Cape Verde$9.70 Mn$11.00 Mn$9.20 Mn0.60%0.00%0.60%561,898
Venezuela$411,300-$9,5000.00%0.00%0.90%28,704,954
Haiti$100,000-$100,0000.00%0.00%0.00%11,541,685
Panama---0.00%0.00%0.00%4,381,579
Costa Rica---0.00%0.00%0.00%5,139,052
Vietnam--$4.82 Bn0.00%0.00%2.40%98,168,833

Defense Spending By Country 2021