Defense Spending by Country 2022

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National security is the security of a nation-state, regarded as a duty of government. It includes the nation’s citizens, economy, and institutions. National security is a vital priority in several countries worldwide and requires a large budget to be built and maintained. Only 36 countries worldwide do not have a military.

National security requires defense and military spending. In the United States, this includes all regular activities of the Department of Defense, war spending, nuclear weapons spending, international military assistance, and another Pentagon-related spending.

The total world military expenditure was about $1.917 trillion in 2019. The ten countries with the highest defense spending are:

The United States ($750 billion) China ($237 billion) Saudi Arabia ($67.6 billion) India ($61 billion) United Kingdom ($55.1 billion) Germany ($50 billion) Japan ($49 billion) Russia ($48 billion) South Korea ($44 billion) France ($41.5 billion)

The United States spends the most on defense, and more than the next seven countries combined. The United States spent $750 billion on defense in 2020, more than the next seven countries (China, Saudi Arabia, India, France, Russia, the UK, and Germany). National security in the US is the third most expensive government program behind Social Security and Medicare. Historically, the United States has consistently spent more on defense than any other G-7 nation. The U.S. also has the second-largest military worldwide at 1.358 million members.

China is the second-largest defense spender in the world, spending $237 billion in 2020. This is still less than half of what the United States spent. China’s defense spending has increased every year for the past 24 years and was 10 times higher in 2018 than in 1994.

France, the tenth-largest defense spender, has mandatory military service for up to one year. Additionally, Russia requires one year of military service, and South Korea requires military service longer than 18 months.

Defense Spending by Country 2022

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Defense Spending by Country 2022

Country 2019 Spending 2020 Spending (as 2019 USD $) 2015 Spending (as 2019 USD $) % GDP 2020 % GDP 2019 % GDP 2015 2022 Population
United States$734.34 Bn$766.58 Bn$683.68 Bn3.70%3.00%3.50%334,805,269
China$240.33 Bn$244.93 Bn$192.84 Bn1.70%1.00%1.80%1,448,471,400
India$71.47 Bn$73.00 Bn$56.77 Bn2.90%2.00%2.50%1,406,631,776
Russia$65.20 Bn$66.84 Bn$74.65 Bn4.30%3.00%4.90%145,805,947
Saudi Arabia$61.95 Bn$55.53 Bn$88.52 Bn8.40%7.00%13.30%35,844,909
United Kingdom$56.86 Bn$58.48 Bn$54.00 Bn2.20%2.00%2.00%68,497,907
France$50.12 Bn$51.57 Bn$48.03 Bn2.10%1.00%1.90%65,584,518
Germany$49.01 Bn$51.57 Bn$40.57 Bn1.40%1.00%1.10%83,883,596
Japan$47.61 Bn$48.16 Bn$47.60 Bn1.00%0.00%1.00%125,584,838
South Korea$43.89 Bn$46.06 Bn$37.21 Bn2.80%2.00%2.50%51,329,899
Italy$26.38 Bn$28.37 Bn$23.04 Bn1.60%1.00%1.20%60,262,770
Australia$26.08 Bn$27.62 Bn$23.80 Bn2.10%1.00%2.00%26,068,792
Brazil$25.91 Bn$25.10 Bn$25.11 Bn1.40%1.00%1.40%215,353,593
Canada$22.20 Bn$22.85 Bn$18.58 Bn1.40%1.00%1.20%38,388,419
Turkey$20.60 Bn$19.57 Bn$12.04 Bn2.80%2.00%1.80%85,561,976
Israel$20.50 Bn$21.07 Bn$18.26 Bn5.60%5.00%5.50%8,922,892
Spain$17.19 Bn$17.16 Bn$15.97 Bn1.40%1.00%1.30%46,719,142
Iran$12.53 Bn$12.15 Bn$13.96 Bn2.20%2.00%2.80%86,022,837
Netherlands$12.00 Bn$12.21 Bn$9.29 Bn1.40%1.00%1.10%17,211,447
Poland$11.79 Bn$12.81 Bn$10.59 Bn2.20%2.00%2.10%37,739,785
Taiwan$10.99 Bn$11.60 Bn$10.58 Bn1.90%1.00%1.90%23,888,595
Singapore$10.66 Bn$11.02 Bn$9.56 Bn3.20%2.00%3.00%5,943,546
Pakistan$10.39 Bn$10.10 Bn$8.14 Bn4.00%4.00%3.60%229,488,994
Algeria$10.30 Bn$9.96 Bn$10.48 Bn6.70%6.00%6.30%45,350,148
Colombia$10.17 Bn$10.13 Bn$9.15 Bn3.40%3.00%3.10%51,512,762
Indonesia$9.00 Bn$9.49 Bn$8.21 Bn0.90%0.00%0.90%279,134,505
Iraq$7.60 Bn$6.99 Bn$9.49 Bn4.10%3.00%5.40%42,164,965
Norway$7.52 Bn$7.51 Bn$5.91 Bn1.90%1.00%1.50%5,511,370
Kuwait$7.37 Bn$6.94 Bn$6.09 Bn6.50%5.00%5.00%4,380,326
Thailand$7.29 Bn$7.36 Bn$6.42 Bn1.50%1.00%1.40%70,078,203
Mexico$6.65 Bn$6.61 Bn$5.34 Bn0.60%0.00%0.50%131,562,772
Oman$6.55 Bn$6.66 Bn$7.82 Bn10.90%8.00%10.90%5,323,993
Sweden$5.84 Bn$6.23 Bn$5.13 Bn1.20%1.00%1.10%10,218,971
Greece$5.47 Bn$5.24 Bn$4.92 Bn2.80%2.00%2.50%10,316,637
Ukraine$5.42 Bn$6.00 Bn$3.90 Bn4.10%3.00%3.30%43,192,122
Chile$5.18 Bn$5.04 Bn$4.80 Bn1.90%1.00%1.90%19,250,195
Switzerland$5.11 Bn$5.43 Bn$4.44 Bn0.80%0.00%0.60%8,773,637
Belgium$4.76 Bn$5.33 Bn$4.57 Bn1.10%0.00%0.90%11,668,278
Romania$4.61 Bn$5.58 Bn$2.65 Bn2.30%1.00%1.50%19,031,335
Denmark$4.56 Bn$4.84 Bn$3.50 Bn1.40%1.00%1.10%5,834,950
Bangladesh$4.35 Bn$4.33 Bn$3.23 Bn1.30%1.00%1.40%167,885,689
Portugal$4.28 Bn$4.56 Bn$3.74 Bn2.10%1.00%1.80%10,140,570
Malaysia$3.77 Bn$3.91 Bn$4.61 Bn1.10%1.00%1.50%33,181,072
Egypt$3.74 Bn$4.02 Bn$4.82 Bn1.20%1.00%1.70%106,156,692
Morocco$3.72 Bn$4.79 Bn$3.50 Bn4.30%3.00%3.20%37,772,756
Finland$3.63 Bn$3.99 Bn$3.54 Bn1.50%1.00%1.40%5,554,960
Philippines$3.47 Bn$3.50 Bn$3.29 Bn1.00%0.00%1.10%112,508,994
South Africa$3.44 Bn$3.48 Bn$3.76 Bn1.10%1.00%1.10%60,756,135
Austria$3.24 Bn$3.49 Bn$2.87 Bn0.80%0.00%0.70%9,066,710
Argentina$3.13 Bn$3.14 Bn$3.61 Bn0.80%0.00%0.90%46,010,234
New Zealand$2.93 Bn$3.01 Bn$1.95 Bn1.50%1.00%1.10%4,898,203
Peru$2.77 Bn$2.72 Bn$3.50 Bn1.30%1.00%1.70%33,684,208
Lebanon$2.52 Bn$1.04 Bn$2.50 Bn3.00%4.00%4.50%6,684,849
Ecuador$2.40 Bn$2.24 Bn$2.65 Bn2.40%2.00%2.60%18,113,361
Myanmar$2.23 Bn$3.14 Bn$3.82 Bn2.90%2.00%4.30%55,227,143
Bulgaria$2.16 Bn$1.21 Bn$686.00 Mn1.80%3.00%1.20%6,844,597
Hungary$2.05 Bn$2.46 Bn$1.19 Bn1.60%1.00%0.90%9,606,259
Jordan$2.03 Bn$2.08 Bn$1.74 Bn5.00%4.00%4.30%10,300,869
Kazakhstan$1.93 Bn$1.75 Bn$1.63 Bn1.10%1.00%1.10%19,205,043
Nigeria$1.86 Bn$2.40 Bn$1.86 Bn0.60%0.00%0.40%216,746,934
Azerbaijan$1.85 Bn$2.17 Bn$2.33 Bn5.40%3.00%5.50%10,300,205
Slovakia$1.80 Bn$1.78 Bn$1.06 Bn1.80%1.00%1.10%5,460,193
Sri Lanka$1.70 Bn$1.56 Bn$1.85 Bn1.90%2.00%2.60%21,575,842
Bahrain$1.56 Bn$1.41 Bn$1.55 Bn4.10%4.00%4.60%1,783,983
Angola$1.47 Bn$1.30 Bn$2.83 Bn1.60%1.00%3.10%35,027,343
Uruguay$1.16 Bn$1.26 Bn$1.02 Bn2.30%2.00%1.80%3,496,016
Serbia$1.14 Bn$1.09 Bn$813.00 Mn2.10%2.00%1.80%8,653,016
Kenya$1.12 Bn$1.10 Bn$1.03 Bn1.10%1.00%1.30%56,215,221
Ireland$1.11 Bn$1.13 Bn$1.02 Bn0.30%0.00%0.30%5,020,199
Lithuania$1.09 Bn$1.14 Bn$523.00 Mn2.10%2.00%1.10%2,661,708
Croatia$1.00 Bn$1.03 Bn$935.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.80%4,059,286
Tunisia$1.00 Bn$1.05 Bn$820.00 Mn2.90%2.00%2.30%12,046,656
Belarus$774.00 Mn$785.00 Mn$710.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.30%9,432,800
Sudan$722.00 Mn$457.00 Mn$1.15 Bn1.10%1.00%2.70%45,992,020
Latvia$692.00 Mn$739.00 Mn$310.00 Mn2.30%2.00%1.00%1,848,837
Armenia$652.00 Mn$635.00 Mn$461.00 Mn4.90%4.00%4.20%2,971,966
Uganda$648.00 Mn$948.00 Mn$315.00 Mn2.60%1.00%1.00%48,432,863
Estonia$637.00 Mn$687.00 Mn$513.00 Mn2.30%2.00%2.00%1,321,910
Tanzania$619.00 Mn$639.00 Mn$529.00 Mn1.00%1.00%1.10%63,298,550
Dominican Republic$613.00 Mn$627.00 Mn$445.00 Mn0.80%0.00%0.60%11,056,370
Bolivia$598.00 Mn$598.00 Mn$638.00 Mn1.60%1.00%1.70%11,992,656
Cambodia$595.00 Mn$635.00 Mn$361.00 Mn2.40%2.00%1.80%17,168,639
Slovenia$573.00 Mn$562.00 Mn$424.00 Mn1.10%1.00%0.90%2,078,034
Zimbabwe$547.00 Mn-$1.08 Bn0.00%0.00%1.90%15,331,428
Ethiopia$545.00 Mn$460.00 Mn$489.00 Mn0.50%0.00%0.70%120,812,698
Ivory Coast$536.00 Mn$589.00 Mn$579.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.70%27,742,298
Botswana$515.00 Mn$571.00 Mn$407.00 Mn3.50%2.00%2.70%2,441,162
Mali$476.00 Mn$580.00 Mn$308.00 Mn3.30%2.00%2.40%21,473,764
Nepal$429.00 Mn$425.00 Mn$369.00 Mn1.40%1.00%1.60%30,225,582
Luxembourg$429.00 Mn$479.00 Mn$294.00 Mn0.80%0.00%0.50%642,371
Cameroon$422.00 Mn$376.00 Mn$375.00 Mn1.00%1.00%1.10%27,911,548
Brunei$415.00 Mn$440.00 Mn$424.00 Mn4.10%3.00%3.30%445,431
Namibia$414.00 Mn$417.00 Mn$561.00 Mn3.30%3.00%4.40%2,633,874
Honduras$407.00 Mn$392.00 Mn$365.00 Mn1.70%1.00%1.70%10,221,247
Cyprus$402.00 Mn$414.00 Mn$334.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.70%1,223,387
Paraguay$376.00 Mn$391.00 Mn$378.00 Mn1.00%1.00%1.10%7,305,843
Burkina Faso$358.00 Mn$368.00 Mn$150.20 Mn2.70%2.00%1.40%22,102,838
Senegal$357.00 Mn$378.00 Mn$226.00 Mn1.60%1.00%1.20%17,653,671
DR Congo$353.00 Mn$364.00 Mn$525.00 Mn0.70%0.00%1.30%95,240,792
Guatemala$332.00 Mn$337.00 Mn$295.00 Mn0.50%0.00%0.40%18,584,039
El Salvador$317.00 Mn$371.00 Mn$255.00 Mn1.50%1.00%1.10%6,550,389
Georgia$311.00 Mn$304.00 Mn$281.00 Mn1.80%1.00%2.00%3,968,738
Republic of the Congo$300.00 Mn$286.00 Mn-3.40%2.00%0.00%5,797,805
Zambia$292.00 Mn$262.00 Mn$367.00 Mn1.20%1.00%1.80%19,470,234
Gabon$267.00 Mn$259.00 Mn$193.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.20%2,331,533
Jamaica$265.00 Mn$247.00 Mn$125.00 Mn1.70%1.00%0.90%2,985,094
Niger$248.00 Mn$225.00 Mn-2.40%2.00%0.00%26,083,660
Chad$235.00 Mn$308.00 Mn$225.00 Mn3.10%2.00%2.00%17,413,580
Ghana$233.00 Mn$237.00 Mn$209.00 Mn0.40%0.00%0.50%32,395,450
Afghanistan$226.00 Mn$262.00 Mn$177.00 Mn1.40%1.00%1.00%40,754,388
Mozambique$217.00 Mn$166.00 Mn$133.00 Mn1.10%1.00%0.80%33,089,461
Guinea$198.00 Mn$201.00 Mn$249.20 Mn1.50%1.00%2.50%13,865,691
Albania$197.00 Mn$216.00 Mn$162.00 Mn1.50%1.00%1.20%2,866,374
South Sudan$186.00 Mn-$1.39 Bn0.00%3.00%10.60%11,618,511
Trinidad And Tobago$173.00 Mn$157.00 Mn$204.00 Mn0.70%0.00%0.80%1,406,585
Togo$170.60 Mn$112.00 Mn$72.00 Mn2.00%3.00%1.70%8,680,837
Mauritania$162.00 Mn$199.00 Mn$130.00 Mn2.50%2.00%2.10%4,901,981
Equatorial Guinea$160.70 Mn-$144.40 Mn0.00%1.00%1.00%1,496,662
North Macedonia$146.00 Mn$154.00 Mn$104.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.00%2,081,304
Kyrgyzstan$129.00 Mn$130.00 Mn$115.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.80%6,728,271
Rwanda$124.10 Mn$142.00 Mn$99.40 Mn1.40%1.00%1.30%13,600,464
Mongolia$100.00 Mn$107.00 Mn$92.00 Mn0.80%0.00%0.90%3,378,078
Malawi$87.00 Mn$85.00 Mn$46.20 Mn1.10%1.00%0.60%20,180,839
Eswatini$86.50 Mn$82.00 Mn$80.00 Mn1.80%1.00%1.80%1,184,817
Burundi$84.70 Mn$65.00 Mn$66.70 Mn2.00%2.00%2.20%12,624,840
Tajikistan$84.00 Mn$80.00 Mn$85.60 Mn1.00%1.00%1.30%9,957,464
Malta$83.60 Mn$78.00 Mn$54.80 Mn0.60%0.00%0.50%444,033
Papua New Guinea$80.80 Mn$87.00 Mn$102.00 Mn0.40%0.00%0.50%9,292,169
Fiji$79.50 Mn$75.00 Mn$47.30 Mn1.80%1.00%0.90%909,466
Montenegro$77.70 Mn$100.00 Mn$60.40 Mn2.10%1.00%1.40%627,950
Nicaragua$76.90 Mn$78.00 Mn$97.60 Mn0.70%0.00%0.80%6,779,100
Madagascar$76.60 Mn$87.00 Mn$62.80 Mn0.70%0.00%0.60%29,178,077
Benin$68.10 Mn$68.00 Mn$92.60 Mn0.50%0.00%0.80%12,784,726
Guyana$67.20 Mn$65.00 Mn$48.80 Mn1.20%1.00%1.50%794,045
Lesotho$44.80 Mn$41.00 Mn$47.70 Mn1.60%1.00%1.70%2,175,699
Moldova$43.00 Mn$43.00 Mn$30.60 Mn0.40%0.00%0.30%4,013,171
Central African Republic$41.00 Mn$39.00 Mn$30.80 Mn1.90%1.00%1.70%5,016,678
Timor Leste$34.40 Mn$38.00 Mn$38.00 Mn1.20%1.00%1.20%1,369,429
Sierra Leone$25.60 Mn$20.00 Mn$35.30 Mn0.60%0.00%0.90%8,306,436
Belize$24.50 Mn$24.00 Mn$20.60 Mn1.60%1.00%1.10%412,190
Seychelles$23.50 Mn$24.00 Mn$20.00 Mn1.60%1.00%1.30%99,426
Guinea Bissau$22.60 Mn$22.00 Mn$17.90 Mn1.70%1.00%1.60%2,063,367
Mauritius$22.00 Mn$19.00 Mn$18.30 Mn0.20%0.00%0.10%1,274,727
Liberia$19.20 Mn$15.00 Mn$31.00 Mn1.30%1.00%1.10%5,305,117
Gambia$14.50 Mn$14.00 Mn$15.60 Mn0.80%0.00%1.00%2,558,482
Cape Verde$9.70 Mn$11.00 Mn$9.20 Mn0.60%0.00%0.60%567,678
Venezuela$411,300-$9,5000.00%0.00%0.90%29,266,991
Haiti$100,000-$100,0000.00%0.00%0.00%11,680,283
Vietnam--$4.82 Bn0.00%0.00%2.40%98,953,541
Costa Rica---0.00%0.00%0.00%5,182,354
Panama---0.00%0.00%0.00%4,446,964

Defense Spending by Country 2022

Sources