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Land Area Needed for Self-Sufficiency

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Food Self Sufficiency Rate by Country 2024

The World Bank's report on food insecurity highlights a pressing global challenge, with 288 million people across 48 countries grappling with food scarcity. The Global Food Security Index (GFSI) serves as a crucial metric in this context, evaluating food self-sufficiency across 113 countries based on factors like sustainability and adaptation. The United States demonstrates high self-sufficiency, importing only 20% of its food, yet still, 10.2% of households face food insecurity, particularly in states like Mississippi and Arkansas. Conversely, the Netherlands boasts a GFSI score of 80.1, with policies aimed at fostering agricultural growth to mitigate rural poverty, underscoring the varied approaches and challenges nations face in ensuring food security.

Countries like Japan and Sweden, with GFSI scores of 79.5 and 79.1 respectively, showcase different aspects of food security. Japan, importing 40% of its food, emphasizes the importance of food availability and access, while Sweden is noted for having one of the most sustainable food systems. Canada shares a similar GFSI score with Sweden but struggles with food insecurity affecting 18% of its population, linked to broader social issues such as poor mental health. In stark contrast, Haiti faces a dire situation with nearly half of its population experiencing food insecurity, compounded by environmental and economic challenges. Meanwhile, Norway presents a model of moderate self-sufficiency, achieving a 50% rate in food and agriculture. These snapshots offer a glimpse into the complexities of global food security and the varied strategies countries employ towards achieving self-sufficiency and addressing hunger.

  • A 2023 study by Leiden University in the Netherlands computed the percentage of each country's current area that would be required to grow enough food to feed the entire country. Lower percentages equate to greater self-sufficiency.
  • Some countries would require more than 100% of their total land area to become food self-sufficient.
  • The Global Food Security Index (GFSI) is an annual assessment measuring food security through indicators including affordability, availability, quality, and safety. Domestic food supplies factor heavily into this assessment.

Download Table Data

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Country
Land Area Needed for Self-Sufficiency
GFSI Score
GFSI Score Change (2012-2022)
Cape Verde1202.62%
Bangladesh1195.72%546.9
United Arab Emirates1116.84%75.212
Israel1080.32%74.87.8
Grenada968.98%
Egypt733.62%562.2
Antigua and Barbuda685.45%
Mauritius681.05%
Burundi653.04%40.6-1.4
Sao Tome and Principe590.31%
Jordan561.44%66.22.9
Papua New Guinea509.14%
South Korea493.52%70.27.1
Haiti469.69%38.5-5.4
Cyprus440.93%
DR Congo434.02%439.3
Pakistan421.6%52.28.7
Nepal420.32%56.911.1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines418.36%
Lebanon381.44%
Sri Lanka371.67%55.22.3
Solomon Islands367.34%
Philippines360.67%59.37.2
Benin333.78%48.18.9
India292.93%58.95.1
Slovakia275.88%71.16.9
North Korea244.29%
Iraq241.7%
Cameroon241.51%46.42.8
Nigeria240.9%42-0.9
El Salvador231.21%64.25.4
Oman229.8%71.213.8
Togo222.55%46.23.5
Uganda221.85%47.76.7
Vietnam213.73%67.913.4
Myanmar203.92%57.68.2
Indonesia199.65%60.24.8
Suriname191.02%
Ethiopia181.11%44.55.8
Liberia172.23%
Sierra Leone167.41%40.5-1
Ghana164.74%52.62.1
Honduras160.89%61.57.4
Tanzania159.03%49.110.2
Dominican Republic158.07%655.5
Malawi157.99%48.12.6
Japan157.81%79.54.1
Burkina Faso149.3%49.610.7
Guatemala148.25%62.86.6
Ecuador146.56%65.66.2
Yemen139.48%40.10.1
Tunisia131.48%60.34.3
Cambodia131.42%55.711.4
Thailand131.23%60.14.6
Ivory Coast126.24%46.51.5
Guinea Bissau124.32%
Panama123.28%708.8
Norway122.8%80.5-0.4
Netherlands120.16%80.16.7
Switzerland118.9%78.25
North Macedonia118.77%
Belgium113.44%77.53.9
Senegal113.31%51.28.7
Azerbaijan110.99%59.82.9
Bhutan107%
Malaysia103.51%69.95.7
Luxembourg102.01%
Costa Rica99.09%77.45.7
Italy96.28%742.5
Georgia94.89%
Syria92.26%36.3-10.5
Laos91.14%53.19
Kenya89.68%5310
Croatia87.64%
Morocco86.63%639.1
Belize85.37%
Central African Republic83.91%
Albania83.19%
Tajikistan83.02%56.79.6
Moldova80.29%
Iran79.32%
Slovenia78.81%
Eswatini78.4%
Afghanistan77.15%
Algeria74.38%58.98.4
Armenia70.16%
Eritrea69.16%
Somalia67.58%
Portugal67.46%78.73.9
Turkey66.06%65.32.9
Spain63.7%75.70.8
Guinea62.89%45.19.3
United Kingdom61.44%78.87.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina61.42%
Serbia60.59%61.48
Czech Republic60.53%77.75.4
Zimbabwe60.18%
Angola59.3%43.70.8
Niger56.31%46.34.2
Germany53.97%773.6
Greece49.86%72.24.7
Venezuela49.63%42.6-4.9
Peru48.01%70.87.7
Denmark47.92%77.84.4
Fiji46.39%
Nicaragua45.5%56.66.3
China45.39%74.213.7
Poland44.93%75.57
Sudan43.96%42.87.3
Estonia43.73%
Madagascar43.51%40.61.2
France43.07%80.23.4
Mozambique41.72%47.33.5
Republic of the Congo40.63%
Mali40.15%51.97.4
Belarus39.59%64.54.3
Austria39.57%78.13.7
Zambia38.73%43.5-1.8
Mexico38.33%69.17.3
Bulgaria38.3%739.5
Uzbekistan35.13%57.57.1
Hungary33.06%71.45.3
Romania32.64%68.85.8
Colombia32.17%60.1-2.2
South Sudan32.1%
Chad30.25%43.27.7
Latvia29.88%
Gabon28.63%
Lithuania26.43%
Ukraine25.38%57.92.1
Kyrgyzstan25.29%
Russia24.57%69.16.1
Finland17.86%83.75.3
Chile17.15%74.25.9
Brazil17.14%65.11.3
South Africa16.27%61.74.6
Bolivia14.78%6512.2
Ireland14.56%81.74.8
Paraguay13.95%58.64.6
Mauritania13.88%
Turkmenistan13.54%
United States13.24%781.3
Sweden13.06%79.13.4
Canada12.66%79.17
Botswana11.63%51.10.9
Namibia9.16%
Uruguay7.74%71.810.9
New Zealand7.37%77.85.2
Saudi Arabia6.24%69.911.8
Argentina5.47%64.81.3
Iceland5.19%
Kazakhstan5.14%72.19.4
Mongolia4.04%
Australia2.79%75.44.6
Rwanda0%50.64.7
Singapore0%73.14.7
Kuwait0%65.2-0.5
Qatar0%72.42.5
Bahrain0%70.35.6
showing: 159 rows

Sources