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Fruit Production Value

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Click on a country for details.

Fruit Production by Country 2024

Botanically, a fruit is a flowering plant's seed-bearing structure that's formed from the ovary after flowering. Making fruits edible is a way to disseminate seeds, as it motivates humans and other animals to eat the fruit and disperse the seeds through their droppings. This evolutionary adaptation has resulted in a symbiotic relationship between animals and fruiting plants. Consequently, fruits comprise a major portion of the world's agricultural output.

Definitions

Substantial differences exist between the botanical and culinary definitions of a fruit. The culinary definition generally refers to a fleshy structure with a sweet or sour flavor that contains seeds. However, botanical fruits also include other types of food like nuts, vegetables and cereal grains.

For example, many culinary nuts are a type of botanical fruit, even though they're hard, non-sweet and grow inside a shell. Culinary vegetables that are botanical fruits include broccoli, lettuce, tomato and zucchini, which are non-sweet. However, culinary vegetables like sweet potatoes and yams are sweet. On the other hand, some culinary fruits aren't botanical fruits. For example, rhubarb is used as a fruit when it's used to make pies, even though it isn't sweet. In addition, the part of the plant that's edible is the leaf stalk, known botanically as the petiole.

Cereal grains are another type of botanical fruit that isn't a culinary fruit. The grain of plants like wheat, corn, rice, oats and sorghum is a botanical fruit known more specifically as a caryopsis. However, the fruit portion is quite thin, compared to the seed, meaning the seed comprises almost the entire edible portion of the grain.

Cultivation

Fruits come from different species of plants with a range of environmental requirements, making a country's fruit production dependent on many factors. The most important of these include the country's size, especially the amount of arable land in a warm climate. The available agricultural technology is also a major factor in determining a country's fruit production.

Production

The FAO CSD reports a total world fruit production of 887,027,376 metric tons in 2020. The following list shows the fruit production of the top ten countries for that year in metric tons:

Country
Fruit Production Value
China253.9M
India107.9M
Brazil39.8M
Turkey25M
Mexico23.7M
Indonesia23.6M
United States22.9M
Spain19M
Italy17.2M
Philippines16.7M
Notes:
- Totals have been rounded to the nearest whole ton.

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Country
Fruit Production Value
China253.9M
India107.9M
Brazil39.8M
Turkey25M
Mexico23.7M
Indonesia23.6M
United States22.9M
Spain19M
Italy17.2M
Philippines16.7M
Iran16.6M
Egypt14.1M
Vietnam11.9M
Nigeria11.9M
Colombia11.1M
Pakistan11.1M
Thailand10.6M
Uganda9.3M
Ecuador8.5M
South Africa8M
France8M
Peru7.8M
Argentina7M
Algeria6.8M
Cameroon6.8M
DR Congo6.7M
Chile6.6M
Russia6.6M
Guatemala6.6M
Morocco6.5M
Costa Rica6.5M
Ghana6.4M
Uzbekistan5.9M
Tanzania5.9M
Angola5.5M
Dominican Republic5.4M
Bangladesh5.4M
Poland5.1M
Kenya4.4M
Australia4.1M
Greece4M
Afghanistan3.6M
Malawi3.5M
Sudan3.4M
Kazakhstan3.2M
Rwanda3.2M
Ivory Coast3.2M
Venezuela3.1M
Saudi Arabia3M
Romania3M
Japan3M
South Korea2.9M
Ukraine2.9M
Myanmar2.9M
Taiwan2.6M
Mali2.6M
Papua New Guinea2.5M
Tunisia2.5M
Germany2.5M
Portugal2.4M
Syria2.3M
Iraq2.2M
Senegal1.9M
North Korea1.8M
Azerbaijan1.7M
Serbia1.7M
New Zealand1.7M
Nepal1.6M
Burundi1.6M
Laos1.6M
Bolivia1.5M
Moldova1.4M
Cuba1.4M
Ethiopia1.4M
Guinea1.4M
Israel1.4M
Tajikistan1.4M
Haiti1.3M
Honduras1.3M
Burkina Faso1.3M
Madagascar1.3M
Hungary1.3M
Mozambique1.2M
Malaysia1.2M
Sri Lanka1.2M
Yemen1.1M
Lebanon1M
Canada889.4K
Albania868.4K
Paraguay780.9K
Turkmenistan763.2K
Panama719.3K
Netherlands711K
Armenia708.5K
Libya683.5K
Belgium664.9K
United Kingdom647K
Austria627.6K
Niger625.8K
Nicaragua609.8K
Benin593.7K
Georgia589.4K
South Sudan565.9K
Cambodia562K
North Macedonia555.9K
Belarus545.7K
Bulgaria541K
Jordan523.3K
Oman514.4K
Uruguay506.9K
Kyrgyzstan414.4K
Gabon391.2K
United Arab Emirates388.3K
Jamaica387.7K
Bosnia and Herzegovina358K
Zimbabwe353.1K
Switzerland345.9K
Guyana326.5K
Central African Republic310K
El Salvador291.3K
Sierra Leone274.1K
Republic of the Congo272.8K
Croatia262.7K
Czech Republic231.2K
Somalia218.8K
Liberia210.7K
Puerto Rico209.7K
Belize178.4K
Eswatini143.2K
Chad127.2K
Zambia124.7K
Cyprus124.3K
Palestine120.4K
Kuwait120.2K
Slovenia113.6K
Guinea Bissau111.1K
Slovakia86.6K
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines76.4K
Trinidad and Tobago73.1K
Equatorial Guinea71.4K
Togo67.2K
Namibia62.5K
Montenegro59.1K
Lithuania52K
Sweden51.6K
Suriname51.4K
Dominica51.1K
Comoros50.8K
Sao Tome and Principe50.4K
Bahamas48.3K
Denmark47.8K
Samoa45.2K
Fiji41.2K
Norway31.6K
Qatar30.4K
Solomon Islands29.5K
Mauritania28K
Finland28K
Bhutan26.1K
Ireland22.8K
Vanuatu22.5K
Mauritius22.5K
Bahrain22.3K
Botswana22.1K
Grenada20.8K
Timor Leste19.2K
Saint Lucia18K
French Polynesia17.2K
Lesotho15.4K
Luxembourg14.6K
Latvia13.5K
New Caledonia11.9K
Malta11.3K
Gambia9.6K
Kiribati9K
Tonga8.5K
Antigua and Barbuda8.4K
Brunei7.9K
Cape Verde7.6K
Hong Kong5.2K
Barbados5K
Djibouti5K
Eritrea4.8K
Estonia4.4K
Seychelles3K
Maldives2.8K
Micronesia2.6K
Mongolia2.4K
Saint Kitts and Nevis2K
Cook Islands1.2K
Niue912
Tuvalu878
Nauru486
Tokelau76
Singapore5
showing: 195 rows

Which country produces the most fruit?

China produces over 253 million metric tons of fruit per year, making it the country that produces the most fruit worldwide.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources