Gender Equality By Country 2021

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Gender equality is an issue of both human dignity and respect and greater global prosperity.

Gender equality across education, health, politics, and economic participation is necessary for building more inclusive economies around the world. Sustainable development goals are not achievable if half of the world’s population is not as involved as the other half. It is up to all levels of governments to create policies that provide talent development, diversify the leadership pool, and provide support to families and caregivers.

Global Gender Gap Index 2020

The World Economic Forum releases its Global Gender Gap Index every year, measuring the extent of gender-based gaps among four key dimensions:

  • Economic Participation and Opportunity
  • Educational Attainment
  • Health and Survival
  • Power Empowerment

The 2020 edition of the Global Gender Gap Index studied and ranked 153 countries around the world. Countries are ranked from 0-1, with 1 having the highest gender equality and 0 having the least amount of gender equality. The analyses of each country are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.

The 2020 report found that the average distance completed to gender parity is 68.6%, which is an improvement from the 2019 edition. There is still a 31.4% average gender gap that remains to be closed globally. The Political Empowerment dimension has the largest disparity among the four dimensions, but 108 countries of 149 covered have improved their overall scores in that dimension. Additionally, Educational Attainment gaps are relatively small on average but only 35 countries have achieved gender parity in education. The 2020 edition also shows that progress was not only larger than the 2019 edition, but the progress was also more widespread, as 101 countries improved their score and 48 saw no change or had their score reduced.

Countries with the Smallest Gender Gaps

The ten countries with the smallest gender gaps are:

  1. Iceland (0.877)
  2. Norway (0.842)
  3. Finland (0.832)
  4. Sweden (0.820)
  5. Nicaragua (0.804)
  6. New Zealand (0.799)
  7. Ireland (0.798)
  8. Spain (0.795)
  9. Rwanda (0.791)
  10. Germany (0.787)

The top ten countries for gender equality include four Nordic countries, Iceland, Norway, Finland, and Sweden; one Latin American country, Nicaragua, one country from East Asia and the Pacific region, New Zealand; three countries from West Europe, Ireland, Spain, and Germany, and one country from Sub-Saharan Africa, Rwanda.

Iceland kept its number one spot in the 2020 edition for the 11th year in a row. Iceland has closed almost 88% of its overall gender gap. Norway, ranked second, has been able to close 84.2% of its gender gap, followed by Finland closing 83.2%, and Sweden closing 82.0% of its gender gap.

Countries with the Largest Gender Gaps

The ten countries with the largest gender gaps are:

  1. Yemen (0.494)
  2. Iraq (0.530)
  3. Pakistan (0.564)
  4. Syria (0.567)
  5. DR Congo (0.578)
  6. Iran (0.584)
  7. Chad (0.596)
  8. Saudi Arabia (0.599)
  9. Lebanon (0.599)
  10. Oman (0.602)

Unfortunately, six of these ten countries have reduced their gender equality scores from the 2019 edition of the index. Only Pakistan, Chad, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon have seen small improvements in their scores. Economic opportunities are still extremely limited for women in Pakistan, Yemen, Syria, and Iraq, which have the four worst gender gaps for economic Participation and Opportunity.

Gender Equality By Country 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Gender Equality By Country 2021