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Happy Planet Index by Country 2024

The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is one of the more recent ways to evaluate the success of the world's nations. This value goes beyond looking at capitalistic metrics of the success of a country. Instead, the HPI looks at how nations use their environmental resources efficiently while ensuring the longevity of citizens.

Factors of the Happy Planet Index

Despite its name, the Happy Planet Index does not factor emotional happiness into its calculation. It uses well-being, life expectancy, and ecological footprint to calculate the HPI. Higher HPI values indicate that a country effectively uses the environmental resources they have without undue stress on the planet while ensuring that citizens have long, satisfying lives.

The well-being value comes from reports of citizens on their life satisfaction using a scale from one to ten. Higher scores relate to people who feel happier about living in their home countries.

Life expectancy indicates how long the citizens of a country live. Countries that have citizens with longer lives likely provide them with adequate health care, nutrition, and resources to reach advanced age.

Ecological footprint examines the amount of land required to provide the resources needed to meet a nation's consumption. High ecological footprints mean that those countries overuse their natural resources to meet demand. Those nations may need to turn to other countries to get the natural resources they need. Requiring resources beyond a nation's boundaries shows an inefficient use of the land and potential damage to the planet.

The HPI shows that countries do not need to overconsume, damage the environments of other countries to gain resources or harm the local environment to protect the livelihoods of the people that live in them.

Countries with the Best and Worst Happy Planet Indices

The most recent data for the Happy Planet Index comes from 2019. In that year, the country with the greatest HPI was Costa Rica, with an HPI of 62.10. That country's life expectancy was 80.30. Its ecological footprint was 2.65, and the well-being value was 7.00. While other countries had lower ecological footprints, greater life expectancies, and greater well-being values, they did not have HPI scores higher than Costa Rica's.

India had the lowest HPI globally. Its calculated value was 36.40, which came from a lower well-being score of 3.25, despite the nation's good ecological footprint (1.22) and life expectancy (69.70).

  • Higher scores are preferable in all categories except Ecological Footprint, for which lower scores are preferred.
  • Gha stands for "global hectare", a unit that measures the ecological impact of humans on an average hectare of land, compared to that land's ability to perform ecological processes such as growing plants/crops, sustaining wildlife, and removing atmospheric CO?.
  • All data from the 2019 HPI, the most recently released as of 2023.
  • Note that the HPI is a measure of how efficiently a country's people are utilizing their natural resources. It does not measure a population's emotional happiness.
  • The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is defined as a population's wellbeing multiplied by its average life expectancy, then divided by its ecological footprint.

Download Table Data

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Country
Score
Life Expectancy
Ladder of Life
Ecological Footprint
Costa Rica62.180.372.65
Vanuatu60.470.56.961.62
Colombia60.277.36.351.9
Switzerland60.183.87.694.14
Ecuador58.8775.811.51
Guatemala57.974.36.261.77
Panama57.978.56.092.1
Jamaica57.974.56.311.84
Honduras57.775.35.931.58
Uruguay57.577.96.62.62
New Zealand57.482.37.213.87
Philippines57.171.26.271.5
El Salvador56.373.36.452.06
United Kingdom5681.37.163.95
Peru55.976.762.09
Tajikistan55.271.15.460.96
Nicaragua55.274.56.112.04
Netherlands54.982.37.434.59
Dominican Republic54.874.161.93
Armenia54.775.15.491.52
Brazil54.675.96.452.68
Bangladesh54.572.65.110.88
Mexico54.3756.432.58
Uzbekistan54.171.76.151.88
Kyrgyzstan53.771.55.691.44
Serbia53.2766.242.69
Nepal53.170.85.451.2
Thailand52.977.26.022.66
Germany52.781.37.044.44
Spain52.383.66.464.14
France51.882.76.694.41
Mauritius51.5756.242.85
Finland51.381.97.785.76
Senegal51.267.95.491.15
Ireland51.182.37.255.2
Moldova5171.95.82.04
Albania5178.651.95
Morocco50.976.75.061.82
Norway50.982.47.445.51
Italy50.783.56.454.45
Sweden50.582.87.45.61
Argentina5076.76.093.19
Indonesia49.671.75.351.74
Cyprus49.4816.143.97
Venezuela48.972.15.081.59
Greece48.882.25.954.04
Vietnam48.475.45.472.56
Israel48.2837.336.11
Cambodia4869.851.36
Azerbaijan48735.171.97
Iceland48837.536.46
Slovenia47.981.36.675.05
Bosnia and Herzegovina47.877.46.023.65
Paraguay47.674.35.652.8
Japan47.184.65.914.71
Sri Lanka46.8774.211.5
Czech Republic46.879.46.975.4
Austria46.881.57.26.05
Slovakia46.677.56.244.22
Algeria46.576.94.742.22
Portugal46.3826.14.78
Romania46.2766.133.93
Croatia46.278.55.633.64
Liberia4664.15.121.07
Chile45.680.25.944.44
Singapore45.583.66.385.6
Hungary45.476.964.07
Iraq45.370.64.841.74
Denmark45.380.97.697.05
Kenya45.266.74.620.99
Pakistan45.167.34.440.87
Poland4578.76.244.77
Bolivia4571.55.672.94
Uganda44.863.44.950.99
Yemen44.666.14.20.52
Georgia44.373.84.892.43
Mozambique44.260.94.930.72
Madagascar44.2674.340.87
Tunisia43.976.74.322.12
Jordan43.974.54.452.03
North Macedonia43.975.85.022.95
Iran43.676.75.013.12
Malta43.582.56.736.5
Egypt43.2724.331.67
Taiwan43.280.56.545.97
Australia43.183.47.237.53
Belarus42.974.85.824.11
Laos42.867.95.22.28
Libya42.772.95.333.21
Belgium42.581.66.776.69
Comoros42.464.34.611.12
China41.976.95.143.74
Ethiopia41.766.64.10.94
Malaysia41.776.25.434.07
Saudi Arabia41.675.16.565.52
Burkina Faso41.561.64.741.06
Niger41.462.451.51
Benin41.461.84.981.39
Turkey41.377.74.873.61
Montenegro41.376.95.394.22
Ukraine40.972.14.72.64
Canada40.282.47.118.15
Bulgaria40.1755.113.83
Myanmar4067.14.431.75
Cameroon39.959.34.941.24
Gabon39.966.54.912.32
South Korea39.8835.96.45
Sudan39.665.34.241.34
Ghana39.564.14.972.1
Mali39.359.34.991.41
Rwanda39.2693.270.61
Lebanon3978.94.023.05
Malawi38.764.33.870.89
Kazakhstan38.673.66.275.72
Haiti38.2643.610.62
Guinea38.161.64.771.77
Burundi37.761.63.780.59
Togo37.3614.181.09
Tanzania3765.53.641.09
Lithuania36.975.96.066.42
Namibia36.863.74.441.94
Bhutan36.771.85.24.39
India36.469.73.251.22
South Africa36.264.15.032.97
Eswatini35.360.24.41.67
Russia34.972.65.445.46
Mauritania34.764.94.152.24
Zambia34.463.93.310.93
Estonia34.478.86.037.85
United Arab Emirates34.3786.718.94
Nigeria34.154.74.360.99
Latvia34.175.35.977.15
Hong Kong33.984.95.668.6
Bahrain33.677.37.19.8
Kuwait33.375.56.117.77
Turkmenistan3368.25.475.36
Botswana31.969.63.472.66
Luxembourg31.782.37.412.59
Trinidad and Tobago31.673.56.198.24
Chad30.454.24.251.67
Afghanistan29.464.82.380.73
Sierra Leone2954.73.450.97
Zimbabwe28.661.52.690.98
Lesotho27.354.33.511.45
Central African Republic25.253.33.081.21
Mongolia24.569.95.5610.08
Qatar24.380.26.3715.04
showing: 147 rows

Which country has the best Happy Planet Index?

Finland ranks first as the happiest country in the world, scoring 7.8 out of 10.

Frequently Asked Questions

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