Map Options

Color Scheme:
map placeholder
Tax to GDP Ratio

5.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

25.00

30.00

35.00

40.00

45.00

Click on a country for details.

Tax to GDP Ratio by Country 2024

Taxes are a critical part of keeping most countries' governments and economies functioning properly. But tax burdens can vary dramatically, especially when considered along with the size of an economy, otherwise known as gross domestic product (GDP.)

The tiny Pacific island nation of Nauru has the highest tax-to-GDP ratio at 48.2%, meaning the government collects taxes equivalent to roughly half the nation's overall economy. Denmark takes second place with 35.5%. Third, fourth, and fifth places aren't far behind, with Seychelles (31.5%), Lesotho (30.8%), and Kiribati (30.1%.) Among the top ten highest ratios of taxes to GDP, three are in Europe (Denmark, the United Kingdom, and Sweden), three are in Africa (Seychelles, Lesotho, and Namibia), and three are in the Pacific Islands/Australia region (Nauru, Kiribati, and New Zealand), with Barbados representing the Caribbean. These countries achieve these elevated ratios either through having a small economy or by collecting relatively high taxes to fund social services, healthcare, and other programs. The latter is prevalent in Europe, which sees the highest tax-to-GDP ratios of any continent.

Other nations collect just a minuscule fraction of their GDP in taxes. The United Arab Emirates is the world's lowest at just 0.5%. Iraq collects just 1.3%, and Kuwait just 1.5%. The rest of the bottom 10 sit between 4.2% (Bahrain) and 7.2% (Zimbabwe.) Middle Eastern nations make up much of the bottom ten. Many of these countries enjoy extensive income from state-owned energy companies, allowing them to bill residents next to nothing in taxes while still providing necessary public services. Others may be relatively poor and lack the resources to effectively tax and collect from residents. The United States sits below the global average with a tax-to-GDP ratio of 11.2%, similar to Germany and Malaysia.

In some cases, these ratios should be taken with a grain of salt, primarily due to the lack of recent data for some nations. A few, like Gambia, Guinea, and Niger, only have data from the 1990s or earlier.

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Country
Tax to GDP Ratio
Data Year
Nauru44.302020
Denmark35.502021
Lesotho32.402021
Seychelles31.502018
New Zealand28.802021
Namibia28.002021
Barbados27.502016
Kiribati27.402021
Sweden27.302021
United Kingdom26.402021
Luxembourg26.102021
South Africa25.902021
Austria25.802021
Norway25.702021
Jamaica25.702020
Italy25.502021
Greece25.302021
Samoa25.002021
Netherlands24.802021
Israel24.602021
Malta24.202021
Cyprus24.102021
France24.002021
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines23.802017
Mozambique23.302021
Belgium23.302021
Australia23.102021
Botswana22.202021
Armenia22.002021
Latvia21.802021
Georgia21.702021
Palestine21.602021
Iceland21.602021
Hungary21.502021
Lithuania21.402021
Estonia21.402021
Belize21.202017
Finland20.702021
Serbia20.602021
Bulgaria20.602021
Croatia20.202021
Tunisia20.102012
Solomon Islands20.002021
Macau19.902021
Chile19.602021
Morocco19.502021
Trinidad and Tobago19.502018
El Salvador19.402021
Poland19.202021
Portugal19.202021
Ukraine19.102021
Bosnia and Herzegovina19.102021
Nicaragua18.902021
Palau18.602020
Uruguay18.502020
Moldova18.402021
Slovakia18.302021
Slovenia18.302021
Mauritius18.302021
Gambia18.201990
Albania18.202021
Saint Lucia18.202017
Cape Verde17.802017
North Macedonia17.602021
Nepal17.502021
Senegal17.502021
Kyrgyzstan17.502021
Ireland17.502021
San Marino17.302021
Marshall Islands17.202020
Bolivia17.002007
Mongolia16.902021
Zambia16.702021
Cambodia16.402021
Peru16.102021
Jordan16.002020
Burkina Faso15.902021
Fiji15.902021
Spain15.202021
Rwanda15.102020
Timor Leste15.102021
Romania15.002021
Saint Kitts and Nevis15.002020
Uzbekistan14.802020
Honduras14.802020
Colombia14.402021
Dominican Republic14.402021
Brazil14.302021
Thailand14.302021
Mali14.202020
Philippines14.102021
Costa Rica14.102021
Bahamas14.002021
Vanuatu14.002020
Mexico13.902021
Burundi13.601999
Togo13.602019
Czech Republic13.402021
Azerbaijan13.402021
Kenya13.302021
Canada13.302021
Singapore13.102021
Bhutan13.002020
Ecuador12.902021
Ivory Coast12.602021
Egypt12.502015
Uganda12.502021
Liberia12.502013
India12.002018
Belarus12.002020
Papua New Guinea11.902020
Niger11.801980
Tanzania11.702018
Russia11.602021
Japan11.601993
Guatemala11.602021
Argentina11.502021
Gabon11.502019
Malawi11.402021
Ghana11.302020
United States11.202021
Germany11.202021
Malaysia11.202021
Cameroon10.902020
Guinea10.801992
Benin10.801979
DR Congo10.701989
Switzerland10.302021
Madagascar10.202021
Angola10.102019
Afghanistan9.902017
Tajikistan9.802004
Paraguay9.802021
Guinea Bissau9.502019
Kazakhstan9.402021
Indonesia9.102021
Pakistan9.102000
Republic of the Congo9.102020
Maldives9.102009
Saudi Arabia8.202020
Central African Republic8.202021
China8.102020
Panama8.002020
Bangladesh7.602021
Iran7.402009
Sudan7.402016
Sri Lanka7.402021
Zimbabwe7.202018
Myanmar6.402019
Micronesia6.402020
Ethiopia6.202020
Lebanon5.702021
Equatorial Guinea5.402021
Bahrain4.202004
Kuwait1.501998
Iraq1.302019
United Arab Emirates0.502021
Somalia2020
showing: 158 rows

Which country has highest tax-to-GDP ratio?

With a tax-to-GDP ratio of 48.20, the country with the highest ratio is the country of Nauru. Denmark is in second place with a radio of 35.50

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources