Governors of Maryland

History of Maryland Governors

Maryland is one of the original 13 colonies that helped establish the United States. It follows that Maryland has a long line of governors that span several political parties, including the Independent, Federalist, Democratic-Republican, Anti-Jacksonian, Jacksonian, Whig, Union parties, and the traditional Republican and Democratic parties most people know today.

The first governor of Maryland was Thomas Johnson, who served from 1777 until 1779 as part of the Independent party. Independent officials continued to hold office until 1788, when a string of Federalist governors took over. From 1788 until about 1872, Maryland saw a slew of governors, all serving very short terms. Some governors in the 1830s held office for only one year, including Daniel Martin and Thomas King Carroll. In 1872, William Pinkney Whyte was elected, beginning the traditional line of Democratic and Republican officials.

Current Maryland Governor

Larry Hogan is the current Governor of Maryland, and he represents the Republican Party. He was elected into office in 2015. Serving on several official boards within the United States government, Larry Hogan is routinely voted one of the most popular governors in Maryland history. Hogan regularly sees favorable approval ratings. Further, Hogan has been praised for handling and controlling the Covid-19 pandemic within his state.

Name Term Start Term End Party
Thomas JohnsonMar 21, 1777Nov 12, 1779Independent
Thomas Sim LeeNov 12, 1779Nov 22, 1782Independent
William PacaNov 22, 1782Nov 26, 1785Independent
William SmallwoodNov 26, 1785Nov 24, 1788Independent
John Eager HowardNov 24, 1788Nov 14, 1791Federalist
George PlaterNov 14, 1791Feb 10, 1792Federalist
James BriceFeb 10, 1792Apr 5, 1792Federalist
Thomas Sim LeeApr 5, 1792Nov 14, 1794Federalist
John Hoskins StoneNov 14, 1794Nov 17, 1797Federalist
John HenryNov 17, 1797Nov 14, 1798Democratic-Republican
Benjamin OgleNov 14, 1798Nov 10, 1801Federalist
John F. MercerNov 10, 1801Nov 13, 1803Democratic-Republican
Robert BowieNov 15, 1803Nov 10, 1806Democratic-Republican
Robert WrightNov 12, 1806Jun 9, 1809Democratic-Republican
Edward Lloyd VJun 9, 1809Nov 16, 1811Democratic-Republican
Robert BowieNov 16, 1811Nov 23, 1812Democratic-Republican
Levin WinderNov 25, 1812Jan 2, 1816Federalist
Charles Carnan RidgelyJan 2, 1816Jan 8, 1819Federalist
Charles GoldsboroughJan 8, 1819Dec 20, 1819Federalist
Samuel SpriggDec 20, 1819Dec 16, 1822Democratic-Republican
Samuel Stevens Jr.Dec 16, 1822Jan 9, 1826Democratic-Republican
Joseph KentJan 9, 1826Jan 15, 1829Democratic-Republican
Daniel MartinJan 15, 1829Jan 15, 1830Anti-Jacksonian
Thomas King CarrollJan 15, 1830Jan 13, 1831Jacksonian
Daniel MartinJan 13, 1831Jul 11, 1831Anti-Jacksonian
George HowardJul 11, 1831Jan 17, 1833Anti-Jacksonian
James ThomasJan 17, 1833Jan 14, 1836Whig
Thomas VeazeyJan 14, 1836Jan 7, 1839Whig
William GrasonJan 7, 1839Jan 3, 1842Democratic
Francis ThomasJan 3, 1842Jan 6, 1845Democratic
Thomas PrattJan 6, 1845Jan 3, 1848Whig
Philip F. ThomasJan 3, 1848Jan 6, 1851Democratic
Enoch LoweJan 6, 1851Jan 11, 1854Democratic
Thomas Watkins LigonJan 11, 1854Jan 13, 1858Democratic
Thomas H. HicksJan 13, 1858Jan 8, 1862American / Union
Augustus BradfordJan 8, 1862Jan 10, 1866Union
Thomas SwannJan 10, 1866Jan 13, 1869Union / Democratic
Oden BowieJan 13, 1869Jan 10, 1872Democratic
William Pinkney WhyteJan 10, 1872Mar 4, 1874Democratic
James Black GroomeMar 4, 1874Jan 12, 1876Democratic
John Lee CarrollJan 12, 1876Jan 14, 1880Democratic
William T. HamiltonJan 14, 1880Jan 9, 1884Democratic
Robert Milligan McLaneJan 9, 1884Mar 27, 1885Democratic
Henry LloydMar 27, 1885Jan 11, 1888Democratic
Elihu Emory JacksonJan 11, 1888Jan 13, 1892Democratic
Frank BrownJan 13, 1892Jan 8, 1896Democratic
Lloyd Lowndes Jr.Jan 8, 1896Jan 10, 1900Republican
John W. SmithJan 10, 1900Jan 13, 1904Democratic
Edwin WarfieldJan 13, 1904Jan 8, 1908Democratic
Austin Lane CrothersJan 8, 1908Jan 10, 1912Democratic
Phillips Lee GoldsboroughJan 10, 1912Jan 12, 1916Republican
Emerson HarringtonJan 12, 1916Jan 14, 1920Democratic
Albert RitchieJan 14, 1920Jan 9, 1935Democratic
Harry NiceJan 9, 1935Jan 11, 1939Republican
Herbert O'ConorJan 11, 1939Jan 3, 1947Democratic
William Preston Lane Jr.Jan 3, 1947Jan 10, 1951Democratic
Theodore Roosevelt McKeldinJan 10, 1951Jan 14, 1959Republican
John Millard TawesJan 14, 1959Jan 25, 1967Democratic
Spiro AgnewJan 25, 1967Jan 7, 1969Republican
Marvin MandelJan 7, 1969Jan 17, 1979Democratic
Blair Lee IIIJun 4, 1977Jan 15, 1979Democratic
Harry HughesJan 17, 1979Jan 20, 1987Democratic
William Donald SchaeferJan 20, 1987Jan 18, 1995Democratic
Parris GlendeningJan 18, 1995Jan 15, 2003Democratic
Bob EhrlichJan 15, 2003Jan 17, 2007Republican
Martin O'MalleyJan 17, 2007Jan 21, 2015Democratic
Larry HoganJan 21, 2015-Republican