Clay, Indiana Population 2024

3,380

Clay is a city located in Bartholomew County, Brown County, and Decatur County Indiana. Clay has a 2024 population of 3,380. Clay is currently growing at a rate of 1.08% annually and its population has increased by 4% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,250 in 2020.

The average household income in Clay is $93,212 with a poverty rate of 2.76%. The median age in Clay is 38 years: 39.4 years for males, and 37.1 years for females.

Clay Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Clay was:

  • White: 84.7%
  • Other race: 4.5%
  • Asian: 4.13%
  • Black or African American: 3.67%
  • Two or more races: 2.81%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
State
Indiana
Land Area (mi²)
23.2 sq mi
Density (mi²)
146.0/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
4% (130)
The current population of Clay, Indiana is 3,380 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 3,250.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White2,76984.7%
Other race1474.5%
Asian1354.13%
Black or African American1203.67%
Two or more races922.81%
Native American60.18%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Other race

Asian

Black or African American

Two or more races

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Clay Population by Race

Clay Population Pyramid 2024

Clay Median Age

38

Total

39.4

Male

37.1

Female

Clay Adults

There are 2,401 adults, (629 of whom are seniors) in Clay.

Clay Age Dependency

84.5

Age Dependency Ratio

35.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49

Child Dependency Ratio

Clay Sex Ratio

Female1,64650.35%
Male1,62349.65%

Clay Population by Age

Clay Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All1,2122.786.113.9
Married7393.2789.310.7
Non Family3121.1885.314.7
Female1223.1764.835.2
Male392.561000

3.18

Average Family Size

2.7

Average Household Size

86.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Clay Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade763.39%
Associates Degree22910.22%
Bachelors Degree36416.24%
Graduate Degree27212.14%
High School Graduate71331.82%
Less Than 9th Grade863.84%
Some College50122.36%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Clay Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Clay Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White1,8791,717464
Asian12712796
Hispanic1131130
Black898954
Other Race53530
2+ Races333322
Native American660

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 75.59%.

Clay Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$54,219$65,568$51,172
Graduate Degree$58,458$118,813$48,750
High School Graduate$25,380$37,269$0
Less Than 9th Grade$34,358$34,189$0
Overall$45,879$59,453$34,737
Some College$59,464$81,161$40,938

$45,879

Average Earnings

$59,453

Average Male

$34,737

Average Female

Clay Earnings by Educational Attainment

Clay Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Clay Language

91.06% of Clay residents speak only English, while 8.94% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.47% of the population.

Clay Language

Clay Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White2,662511.92%
Hispanic2503915.6%

2.76%

Overall Poverty Rate

0.93%

Male Poverty Rate

4.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Clay

The race most likely to be in poverty in Clay is Hispanic, with 15.6% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Clay is White, with 1.92% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 3.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 3.23%.

Clay Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
High School5.19%
Less Than 9th Grade3.7%
Some College0%
Bachelors or Greater0%

Clay Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Employed2.67%
Male Employed0.46%
Male Unemployed0%
Female Unemployed0%

Clay Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Clay Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$86,981$103,027
Households$81,290$93,212
Married Families$101,319$-999,999,999
Non Families$65,469$61,240

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Clay Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

61.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

61.0%

Male Marriage Rate

61.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Clay Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Clay Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Clay Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Clay Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

127

Number of Veterans

127

Male Veterans

0

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam63
Second Gulf War0
First Gulf War0
Korea0
World War II0

Clay Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 7464
75+34
55 to 6420
35 to 549
18 to 340

Clay Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White1115.35%
Black1617.98%

Clay Veterans by Race

Clay Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

0%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.13%

Veteran Disability Rate

Clay Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

63.4%

Labor Force Participation

62.8%

Employment Rate

0.9%

Unemployment Rate

Clay Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Clay Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Clay Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

74.37%

Born in Clay

94%

Native Born

6%

Foreign Born

4.04%

Non Citizen

1.96%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94% of Clay residents were born in the United States, with 74.37% having been born in Indiana. 4.04% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Clay Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20293,560361.02%
20283,524361.03%
20273,488361.04%
20263,452361.05%
20253,416361.07%
20243,380361.08%
20233,344361.09%
20223,308361.1%
20213,272220.68%
20203,250-365-10.1%
20193,615461.29%
20183,569290.82%
20173,54070.2%
20163,533381.09%
20153,495471.36%
20143,448401.17%
20133,408300.89%
20123,378621.87%
20113,316371.13%
20103,27900%

Clay Population by Year