Columbia, Alabama Population 2024

711

Columbia is a city located in Houston County Alabama. Columbia has a 2024 population of 711. Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.71% annually and its population has increased by 2.3% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 695 in 2020.

The average household income in Columbia is $76,105 with a poverty rate of 10.19%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Columbia is 32.5 years, 32.5 years for males, and 32 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 91.06%
  • Black or African American: 7.7%
  • Two or more races: 1.24%
  • Native American:
  • Asian:
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
  • Other race:
State
Alabama
Land Area (mi²)
3.9 sq mi
Density (mi²)
180.90/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
2.3% (16)
The current population of Columbia, Alabama is 711 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 695.

Columbia, Alabama Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White73391.06%
Black or African American627.7%
Two or more races101.24%
Native American
Asian
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Other race
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2024

Columbia Median Age

32.5

Total

32.5

Male

32

Female

Columbia Adults

There are 532 adults, (139 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

104.8

Age Dependency Ratio

35.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

69.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female39649.19%
Male40950.81%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3022.6779.820.2
Married1423.7790.19.9
Non Family1191.0974.825.2
Male233.2665.234.8
Female183.565050
showing: 5 rows

3.55

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

79.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbia Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.82%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 10.11%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$39,521

Average Earnings

$74,318

Average Male

$38,192

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbia Language

98.08% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 1.92% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.92% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White707588.2%
Black622133.87%
Multiple10330%
showing: 3 rows

10.19%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.31%

Male Poverty Rate

12.12%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Black, with 33.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 8.2% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.74%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.82%.

Columbia Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade18.39%
High School8.24%
Some College8%
Bachelors or Greater
showing: 4 rows

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed30.77%
Male Employed7.65%
Female Employed2.38%
Male Unemployed
showing: 4 rows

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

52.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.6%

Male Marriage Rate

51.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 20-34, while the female age group most likely to be married is 20-34.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbia Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

29

Number of Veterans

29

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

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Columbia Veterans by War

count

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Columbia Veterans by Age

count

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Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

Veteran Poverty Rate

13.79%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

58.2%

Labor Force Participation

55.2%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

73.66%

Born in Columbia

99.13%

Native Born

0.87%

Foreign Born

Non Citizen

0.87%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.13% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 73.66% having been born in Alabama. of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202973650.68%
202873150.69%
202772650.69%
202672150.7%
202571650.7%
202471150.71%
202370650.71%
202270150.72%
202169610.14%
2020695-45-6.08%
201974070.95%
201873340.55%
2017729-1-0.14%
2016730-2-0.27%
2015732-5-0.68%
2014737-1-0.14%
2013738-8-1.07%
201274630.4%
201174320.27%
2010741
showing: 20 rows

Columbia Population by Year