Columbia, Alabama Population 2021

749
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Columbia is a city located in Houston County Alabama. With a 2020 population of 749, it is the 288th largest city in Alabama and the 11577th largest city in the United States . Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.81% annually and its population has increased by 1.22% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 740 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of 749 in 2021. Spanning over 4 miles, Columbia has a population density of 191 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $49,521 with a poverty rate of 23.60%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $768 per month, and the median house value is $66,700. The median age in Columbia is 58 years, 52.5 years for males, and 59.4 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 79.50%
  • Black or African American: 12.39%
  • Two or more races: 6.34%
  • Other race: 1.77%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Asian: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Columbia, Alabama is 749 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 731.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 740.

Columbia, Alabama Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White53979.50%
Black or African American8412.39%
Two or More Races436.34%
Some Other Race121.77%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbia Median Age

58


Total

52.5


Male

59.4


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 590 adults, (220 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

83.2

Age Dependency Ratio

59.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

23.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

372

54.87%

Male

306

45.13%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.1%23.9%
All68.8%31.2%
Non Family66.9%33.1%
Female66.7%33.3%
Male13.3%86.7%

68.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3431.9868.8
Married1592.5276.1
Non Family1511.1166.9
Female183.3966.7
Male153.2713.3

2.54

Average Family Size

1.98

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade223.75%
9th to 12th Grade9516.21%
High School Graduate18431.40%
Some College15626.62%
Associates Degree437.34%
Bachelors Degree478.02%
Graduate Degree396.66%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White45737886
Black8053
2+ Races3732
Other Race126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 86.49%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 18.82%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,273$33,125$23,056
Less Than 9th Grade$$114,375$
High School Graduate$17,656$$15,625
Some College$30,481$31,500$27,292
Bachelors Degree$54,583$53,542$
Graduate Degree$$$

$27,273

Average Earnings

$33,125

Average Male

$23,056

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

98.17% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 1.83% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.83% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White53910319.11%
Multiple433581.40%
Black842226.19%

23.60%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.22%

Male Poverty Rate

24.73%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Multiple, with 81.40% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 19.11% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.76%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.49%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.04%
High School21.20%
Some College21.11%
Bachelors or Greater0.00%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed100.00%
Female Employed3.00%
Male Unemployed0.00%
Male Employed9.72%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$35,417$49,521
Families$48,750$58,453
Married Families$63,281-
Non Families$25,368$36,579
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

50.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

58.2%

Male Marriage Rate

45.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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39

Number of Veterans

36

Male Veterans

3

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam18
First Gulf War8
Korea2
Second Gulf War2
World War II

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5413
65 to 7410
55 to 649
75+7
18 to 34

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White378.03%
Black22.50%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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0.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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41%

Labor Force Participation

40.5%

Employment Rate

1.2%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.67%

Born in Columbia

97.79%

Native Born

2.21%

Foreign Born

0.88%

Non Citizen

1.33%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.79% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 66.67% having been born in Alabama. 0.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202174960.81%
202074360.81%
201973760.82%
201873120.27%
201772920.28%
2016727-4-0.55%
2015731-6-0.81%
2014737-1-0.14%
2013738-7-0.94%
201274530.40%
201174210.13%
20107410.00%

Columbia Population by Year