Columbia, Indiana Population 2024

990

Columbia is a city located in Dubois County, Martin County, and Orange County Indiana. Columbia has a 2024 population of 990. Columbia is currently declining at a rate of -0.5% annually and its population has decreased by -1.88% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,009 in 2020.

The average household income in Columbia is $75,410 with a poverty rate of 9.48%. The median age in Columbia is 42.3 years: 15.9 years for males, and 54 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 79.86%
  • Two or more races: 16.35%
  • Other race: 3.79%
  • Black or African American: 0%
  • Native American: 0%
  • Asian: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
State
Indiana
Land Area (mi²)
36.2 sq mi
Density (mi²)
27.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-1.88% (-19)
The current population of Columbia, Indiana is 990 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,009.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White67479.86%
Two or more races13816.35%
Other race323.79%
Black or African American00%
Native American00%
Asian00%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Two or more races

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2024

Columbia Median Age

42.3

Total

15.9

Male

54

Female

Columbia Adults

There are 520 adults, (230 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

191

Age Dependency Ratio

79.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

111.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female42750.59%
Male41749.41%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3202.64955
Married1563.041000
Female1013.031000
Non Family63074.625.4
Male0000

3.04

Average Family Size

2.64

Average Household Size

95.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbia Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade7514.42%
Associates Degree448.46%
Bachelors Degree13125.19%
Graduate Degree142.69%
High School Graduate15529.81%
Less Than 9th Grade00%
Some College10119.42%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White479404113
Other Race323232
Hispanic323232
2+ Races990

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 100%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$0$0$0
Graduate Degree$0$0$0
High School Graduate$34,688$0$33,021
Less Than 9th Grade$0$0$0
Overall$39,750$45,735$34,952
Some College$38,583$44,167$0

$39,750

Average Earnings

$45,735

Average Male

$34,952

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbia Language

100% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 0% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White6748011.87%

9.48%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.83%

Male Poverty Rate

3.28%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 11.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 11.87% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.34%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.43%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 7.04%.

Columbia Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Some College11.03%
High School9.03%
Less Than 9th Grade0%
Bachelors or Greater0%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Employed21.05%
Male Unemployed0%
Female Employed0%
Female Unemployed0%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$81,893$79,866
Households$80,786$75,410
Married Families$85,000$-999,999,999
Non Families-$57,232

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

51.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

60.3%

Male Marriage Rate

44.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbia Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

15

Number of Veterans

15

Male Veterans

0

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam15
Second Gulf War0
First Gulf War0
Korea0
World War II0

Columbia Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 7415
18 to 340
35 to 540
55 to 640
75+0

Columbia Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White153.13%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

0%

Veteran Poverty Rate

100%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

60.3%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

4%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

81.4%

Born in Columbia

100%

Native Born

0%

Foreign Born

0%

Non Citizen

0%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

100% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 81.4% having been born in Indiana. 0% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029965-5-0.52%
2028970-5-0.51%
2027975-5-0.51%
2026980-5-0.51%
2025985-5-0.51%
2024990-5-0.5%
2023995-5-0.5%
20221,000-5-0.5%
20211,005-4-0.4%
20201,009-63-5.88%
20191,072-3-0.28%
20181,075-1-0.09%
20171,07610.09%
20161,075-1-0.09%
20151,076-1-0.09%
20141,07700%
20131,07760.56%
20121,071-1-0.09%
20111,07280.75%
20101,06400%

Columbia Population by Year