Columbia, Kentucky Population 2022

4,923
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Columbia is a city located in Adair County Kentucky. It is also the county seat of Adair County. With a 2020 population of 4,923, it is the 88th largest city in Kentucky and the 6667th largest city in the United States. Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.80% annually and its population has increased by 1.61% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 4,845 in 2020. Spanning over 5 miles, Columbia has a population density of 1,016 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $56,578 with a poverty rate of 18.40%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $606 per month, and the median house value is $110,900. The median age in Columbia is 34.9 years, 33 years for males, and 36.1 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbiawas:

  • White: 87.26%
  • Black or African American: 7.58%
  • Two or more races: 3.96%
  • Other race: 0.80%
  • Asian: 0.40%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Columbia, Kentucky is 4,923 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 4,845.

Columbia, Kentucky Population 2022

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White4,14387.26%
Black or African American3607.58%
Asian190.40%
Some Other Race380.80%
Two or More Races1883.96%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2022

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Columbia Median Age

27.7


Total

26.2


Male

34.7


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 3,955 adults, (751 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

23.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

24.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

2,352

49.54%

Male

2,396

50.46%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.2%35.8%
All41.8%58.2%
Female30.9%69.1%
Male28.6%71.4%
Non Family27.6%72.4%

41.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,5652.241.8
Married5893.1864.2
Male633.2128.6
Female1883.1630.9
Non Family7251.0727.6

3.16

Average Family Size

2.2

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2449.70%
9th to 12th Grade2248.91%
High School Graduate78131.05%
Some College40616.14%
Associates Degree30111.97%
Bachelors Degree1315.21%
Graduate Degree42817.02%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
2+ Races524817
White2,1771,751502
Black21318640
Hispanic82719
Other Race11

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 92.31%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among 2+ races people with a rate of 32.69%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,925$28,438$32,902
Less Than 9th Grade$$$
High School Graduate$25,250$26,667$24,659
Some College$24,926$19,806$29,250
Bachelors Degree$34,911$48,971$
Graduate Degree$57,745$63,542$57,609

$30,925

Average Earnings

$28,438

Average Male

$32,902

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

93.84% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 6.16% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.30% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White2,91047916.46%
OtherNaN%
Multiple17613677.27%
Hispanic1042019.23%

18.40%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.63%

Male Poverty Rate

25.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 16.46% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Hispanic, with 19.23% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 39.97%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade48.91%
High School16.89%
Some College5.36%
Bachelors or Greater1.13%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed1.40%
Male Unemployed0.00%
Female Employed2.46%
Female Unemployed100.00%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$41,821$59,727
Families$54,583$87,747
Married Families$65,750-
Non Families$14,250$26,786
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

31.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

31.2%

Male Marriage Rate

30.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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164

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War71
First Gulf War50
Vietnam45
Korea
World War II

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 3471
35 to 5448
55 to 64
65 to 7445
75+

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1644.77%
Hispanic4426.04%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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3.68%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.77%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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47.4%

Labor Force Participation

42.6%

Employment Rate

10.2%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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74.05%

Born in Columbia

94.67%

Native Born

5.33%

Foreign Born

3.75%

Non Citizen

1.58%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.67% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 74.05% having been born in Kentucky. 3.75% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
19703,2340.00%
19803,7104761.38%
19903,8451350.36%
20004,0141690.43%
20104,4524381.04%
20114,491390.88%
20124,530390.87%
20134,569390.86%
20144,608390.85%
20154,647390.85%
20164,686390.84%
20174,725390.83%
20184,764390.83%
20194,803390.82%
20204,845420.87%
20214,884390.80%
20224,923390.80%

Columbia Population by Year