Elgin, Iowa Population 2021

638
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Elgin is a city located in Fayette County Iowa. With a 2020 population of 638, it is the 392nd largest city in Iowa and the 12258th largest city in the United States . Elgin is currently growing at a rate of 0.31% annually but its population has decreased by -6.59% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 683 in 2010. Elgin reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 1 miles, Elgin has a population density of 964 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elgin is $59,774 with a poverty rate of 9.87%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $518 per month, and the median house value is $79,500. The median age in Elgin is 40.5 years, 39.9 years for males, and 44.3 years for females.

Elgin Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elginwas:

  • White: 97.61%
  • Black or African American: 1.59%
  • Two or more races: 0.80%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Asian: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Elgin, Iowa is 638 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 634.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 683.

Elgin, Iowa Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White61397.61%
Black or African American101.59%
Two or More Races50.80%
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Elgin Population by Race

Elgin Population Pyramid $2021

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Elgin Median Age

40.5


Total

39.9


Male

44.3


Female

Elgin Adults

There are 485 adults, (164 of whom are seniors) in Elgin.

Elgin Age Dependency

95.6

Age Dependency Ratio

51.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Elgin Sex Ratio

Female

289

46.02%

Male

339

53.98%

Elgin Population by Age

Elgin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elgin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Non Family70.4%29.6%
Female73.9%26.1%
All80.9%19.1%
Married89.5%10.5%
Male100%0%

80.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elgin Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2782.2680.9
Married1433.0189.5
Non Family1081.1970.4
Female232.6573.9
Male42100

2.9

Average Family Size

2.26

Average Household Size

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Elgin Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20.46%
9th to 12th Grade173.90%
High School Graduate16237.16%
Some College11927.29%
Associates Degree5713.07%
Bachelors Degree6314.45%
Graduate Degree163.67%
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Elgin Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White43041179
Black55
2+ Races11

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 18.37%.

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,806$38,487$20,469
Less Than 9th Grade$$$
High School Graduate$27,500$40,000$17,857
Some College$30,481$33,646$23,214
Bachelors Degree$42,500$81,667$19,000
Graduate Degree$64,583$90,833$

$31,806

Average Earnings

$38,487

Average Male

$20,469

Average Female

Elgin Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elgin Language by Age

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Elgin Language

98.61% of Elgin residents speak only English, while 1.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.04% of the population.

Elgin Language

Elgin Poverty by Race

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9.87%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.03%

Male Poverty Rate

9.69%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elgin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Black, with 50.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elgin is White, with 9.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.92%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.91%.

Elgin Poverty

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Name Poverty
High School17.90%
Bachelors or Greater12.66%
Less Than 9th Grade10.53%
Some College5.68%

Elgin Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed0.00%
Male Unemployed63.64%
Female Employed8.11%
Male Employed0.62%

Elgin Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elgin Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,682$59,774
Families$54,348$66,629
Married Families$57,917-
Non Families$36,250$47,231
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Income by Household Type

Elgin Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

54.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.7%

Male Marriage Rate

59.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Elgin Married by Age and Sex

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Elgin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Elgin Marital Status by Race

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Elgin Marital Status

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53

Number of Veterans

53

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam25
Korea8
Second Gulf War6
First Gulf War2
World War II

Elgin Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 7419
55 to 6414
75+12
35 to 547
18 to 341

Elgin Veterans by Age

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Elgin Veterans by Race

Elgin Veterans by Education

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30.19%

Veteran Poverty Rate

41.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elgin Veterans by Education

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55.6%

Labor Force Participation

53.4%

Employment Rate

3.9%

Unemployment Rate

Elgin Employment by Age

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Elgin Employment by Race

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Elgin Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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79.14%

Born in Elgin

100.00%

Native Born

0.00%

Foreign Born

0.00%

Non Citizen

0.00%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

100.00% of Elgin residents were born in the United States, with 79.14% having been born in Iowa. 0.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Elgin Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202163820.31%
202063620.32%
201963420.32%
2018632-5-0.78%
2017637-6-0.93%
2016643-3-0.46%
2015646-8-1.22%
2014654-7-1.06%
2013661-12-1.78%
2012673-9-1.32%
201168210.15%
20106810.00%

Elgin Population by Year