Houlton, Maine Population 2024

4,918

Houlton is a city located in Aroostook County Maine. Houlton has a 2024 population of 4,918. It is also the county seat of Aroostook County.Houlton is currently declining at a rate of annually and its population has increased by 0.43% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 4,897 in 2020.

The average household income in Houlton is $73,678 with a poverty rate of 21.33%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Houlton is 44.2 years, 38.5 years for males, and 48.3 years for females.

Houlton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houlton was:

  • White: 94.41%
  • Black or African American: 2.52%
  • Two or more races: 1.97%
  • Native American: 0.79%
  • Asian: 0.31%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
  • Other race:
State
Maine
Land Area (mi²)
5.2 sq mi
Density (mi²)
938.50/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
0.43% (21)
The current population of Houlton, Maine is 4,918 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 4,897.

Houlton, Maine Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White4,64394.41%
Black or African American1242.52%
Two or more races971.97%
Native American390.79%
Asian150.31%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Other race
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Houlton Population by Race

Houlton Population Pyramid 2024

Houlton Median Age

44.2

Total

38.5

Male

48.3

Female

Houlton Adults

There are 3,912 adults, (1,185 of whom are seniors) in Houlton.

Houlton Age Dependency

80.3

Age Dependency Ratio

43.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Houlton Sex Ratio

Female2,51651.16%
Male2,40248.84%

Houlton Population by Age

Houlton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All2,0342.2462.637.4
Non Family1,0271.1446.353.7
Married8543.5180.219.8
Female972.4159.840.2
Male562.711000
showing: 5 rows

3.3

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

62.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Houlton Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Houlton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Houlton Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100%.

Houlton Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$35,410

Average Earnings

$52,188

Average Male

$23,528

Average Female

Houlton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Houlton Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Houlton Language

94.98% of Houlton residents speak only English, while 5.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.75% of the population.

Houlton Language

Houlton Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White4,18597023.18%
Asian55100%
showing: 2 rows

21.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.06%

Male Poverty Rate

28.53%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Houlton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Houlton is Asian, with 100% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Houlton is White, with 23.18% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.14%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.79%.

Houlton Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.31%
High School25.19%
Some College16.77%
Bachelors or Greater7.28%
showing: 4 rows

Houlton Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed48.29%
Female Employed15.6%
Male Unemployed11.76%
Male Employed10.29%
showing: 4 rows

Houlton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Houlton Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Houlton Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

41.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.0%

Male Marriage Rate

41.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Houlton Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Houlton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Houlton Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Houlton Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

215

Number of Veterans

215

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

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Houlton Veterans by War

count

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Houlton Veterans by Age

count

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Houlton Veterans by Race

Houlton Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

3.52%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Houlton Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

58.3%

Labor Force Participation

47.4%

Employment Rate

18.6%

Unemployment Rate

Houlton Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Houlton Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Houlton Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

79.44%

Born in Houlton

97.48%

Native Born

2.52%

Foreign Born

1.02%

Non Citizen

1.5%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.48% of Houlton residents were born in the United States, with 79.44% having been born in Maine. 1.02% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from North America.

Houlton Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20244,918
20234,918
20224,918-139-2.75%
20215,0571603.27%
20204,8972946.39%
20194,603-90-1.92%
20184,693-53-1.12%
20174,746210.44%
20164,725-53-1.11%
20154,778-62-1.28%
20144,840-125-2.52%
20134,965-64-1.27%
20125,029370.74%
20114,9921362.8%
20104,856
showing: 15 rows

Houlton Population by Year