Madison, Illinois Population 2021

3,682
map placeholder

Madison is a city located in Madison County Illinois. With a 2020 population of 3,682, it is the 385th largest city in Illinois and the 5638th largest city in the United States . Madison is currently declining at a rate of -1.02% annually and its population has decreased by -5.37% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,891 in 2010. Madison reached it's highest population of 7,963 in 1950. Spanning over 15 miles, Madison has a population density of 302 people per square mile.

The average household income in Madison is $36,533 with a poverty rate of 28.10%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $738 per month, and the median house value is $44,700. The median age in Madison is 39.3 years, 38.3 years for males, and 40.3 years for females.

Madison Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Madison was:

  • White: 53.83%
  • Black or African American: 42.96%
  • Two or more races: 2.49%
  • Native American: 0.36%
  • Asian: 0.36%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Madison, Illinois is 3,682 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 3,796.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 3,891.

Madison, Illinois Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,79753.83%
Black or African American1,43442.96%
Two or More Races832.49%
Asian120.36%
American Indian and Alaska Native120.36%
Loading...

Madison Population by Race

Madison Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Madison Median Age

39.3


Total

38.3


Male

40.3


Female

Madison Adults

There are 2,684 adults, (565 of whom are seniors) in Madison.

Madison Age Dependency

57.5

Age Dependency Ratio

26.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Madison Sex Ratio

Female

1,769

53.00%

Male

1,569

47.00%

Madison Population by Age

Madison Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Madison Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.5%29.5%
Non Family60.8%39.2%
Male58.2%41.8%
All50.4%49.6%
Female20.2%79.8%

50.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Madison Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,6122.0450.4
Non Family7191.2360.8
Female4902.8220.2
Married3362.570.5
Male672.8458.2

2.55

Average Family Size

2.04

Average Household Size

Loading...

Madison Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1455.85%
9th to 12th Grade37014.93%
High School Graduate89936.26%
Some College64526.02%
Associates Degree2389.60%
Bachelors Degree1375.53%
Graduate Degree451.82%
Loading...

Madison Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White1,3971,081119
Black98082763
Hispanic7933
Asian1212
Native American1212
2+ Races1111

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 8.52%.

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$18,778$23,967$17,324
Less Than 9th Grade$14,143$$13,821
High School Graduate$15,893$33,229$11,204
Some College$19,163$$19,101
Bachelors Degree$38,313$$
Graduate Degree$41,000$$

$18,778

Average Earnings

$23,967

Average Male

$17,324

Average Female

Madison Earnings by Educational Attainment

Madison Language by Age

Loading...

Madison Language

95.61% of Madison residents speak only English, while 4.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.36% of the population.

Madison Language

Madison Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White1,73047027.17%
Black1,43438426.78%
Multiple836881.93%
Hispanic791620.25%

28.10%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.54%

Male Poverty Rate

31.26%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Madison

The race most likely to be in poverty in Madison is Multiple, with 81.93% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Madison is Hispanic, with 20.25% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 44.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.53%.

Madison Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade42.72%
High School32.37%
Some College16.53%
Bachelors or Greater0.00%

Madison Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed93.29%
Female Employed23.30%
Male Employed10.59%
Female Unemployed0.00%

Madison Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Madison Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$30,316$36,533
Families$30,341$40,219
Married Families$59,565-
Non Families$24,139$27,846
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Madison Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

23.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

27.4%

Male Marriage Rate

19.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Madison Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Madison Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Madison Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Madison Marital Status

Loading...

255

Number of Veterans

255

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam129
First Gulf War33
Korea15
World War II
Second Gulf War

Madison Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
55 to 6492
65 to 7472
75+58
35 to 5433
18 to 34

Madison Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White16910.97%
Black867.75%

Madison Veterans by Race

Madison Veterans by Education

Loading...

21.18%

Veteran Poverty Rate

48.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Madison Veterans by Education

Loading...

58.6%

Labor Force Participation

50.6%

Employment Rate

13.8%

Unemployment Rate

Madison Employment by Age

Loading...

Madison Employment by Race

Loading...

Madison Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

64.20%

Born in Madison

98.26%

Native Born

1.74%

Foreign Born

1.38%

Non Citizen

0.36%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.26% of Madison residents were born in the United States, with 64.20% having been born in Illinois. 1.38% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Madison Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20213,682-38-1.02%
20203,720-38-1.01%
20193,758-38-1.00%
20183,796-33-0.86%
20173,829-23-0.60%
20163,852-20-0.52%
20153,872-28-0.72%
20143,900-29-0.74%
20133,929-27-0.68%
20123,956822.12%
20113,874-21-0.54%
20103,895-650-1.53%
20004,545-84-0.18%
19904,629-1,286-2.42%
19805,915-1,127-1.73%
19707,0421810.26%
19606,861-1,102-1.48%
19507,9631810.23%
19407,7821210.16%
19307,6612,6654.37%
19204,996-50-0.10%
19105,0460.00%

Madison Population by Year