Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2021

11,254
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Vermillion is a city located in Clay County South Dakota. With a 2020 population of 11,254, it is the 11th largest city in South Dakota and the 2864th largest city in the United States . Vermillion is currently growing at a rate of 1.48% annually and its population has increased by 6.46% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,571 in 2010. Vermillion reached it's highest population of 11,254 in 2021. Spanning over 5 miles, Vermillion has a population density of 2,464 people per square mile.

The average household income in Vermillion is $68,559 with a poverty rate of 28.72%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $740 per month, and the median house value is $159,600. The median age in Vermillion is 23 years, 23.2 years for males, and 22.9 years for females.

Vermillion Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vermillion was:

  • White: 86.59%
  • Native American: 3.78%
  • Asian: 3.74%
  • Black or African American: 2.32%
  • Two or more races: 2.32%
  • Other race: 1.25%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Vermillion, South Dakota is 11,254 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 10,762.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,571.

Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202114,244870.61%
202014,157870.61%
201914,070870.62%
201813,983-49-0.35%
201714,032990.71%
201613,9331651.18%
201513,768-115-0.84%
201413,883-13-0.09%
201313,896-168-1.21%
201214,064810.58%
201113,9831551.11%
201013,8280.00%

Vermillion Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White9,31186.59%
American Indian and Alaska Native4063.78%
Asian4023.74%
Two or More Races2502.32%
Black or African American2502.32%
Some Other Race1341.25%
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Vermillion Population by Race

Vermillion Population Pyramid $2021

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Vermillion Median Age

23


Total

23.2


Male

22.9


Female

Vermillion Adults

There are 9,138 adults, (968 of whom are seniors) in Vermillion.

Vermillion Age Dependency

31.6

Age Dependency Ratio

11.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Vermillion Sex Ratio

Female

5,593

52.01%

Male

5,160

47.99%

Vermillion Population by Age

Vermillion Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Vermillion Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married83.4%16.6%
All44.3%55.7%
Female31.3%68.7%
Non Family21.4%78.6%
Male0%100%

44.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Vermillion Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,8952.244.3
Non Family2,1051.6421.4
Married1,3992.8483.4
Female3422.9431.3
Male492.840

2.8

Average Family Size

2.2

Average Household Size

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Vermillion Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1062.30%
9th to 12th Grade1182.56%
High School Graduate82017.80%
Some College69315.04%
Associates Degree2174.71%
Bachelors Degree1,25827.31%
Graduate Degree1,39530.28%
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Vermillion Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White3,9963,8222,331
Asian249199199
Native American17917950
2+ Races757523
Hispanic707046
Black525221
Other Race44

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 79.92%.

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,298$44,132$31,075
Less Than 9th Grade$$$
High School Graduate$29,205$33,632$25,094
Some College$21,447$42,656$10,200
Bachelors Degree$42,689$42,688$42,689
Graduate Degree$56,250$68,063$45,966

$37,298

Average Earnings

$44,132

Average Male

$31,075

Average Female

Vermillion Earnings by Educational Attainment

Vermillion Language by Age

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Vermillion Language

93.12% of Vermillion residents speak only English, while 6.88% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 2.60% of the population.

Vermillion Language

Vermillion Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White7,3181,88725.79%
Native36830482.61%
Multiple22310547.09%
Black2057034.15%
Hispanic2726523.90%
Other1026260.78%
Asian3426117.84%

28.72%

Overall Poverty Rate

27.86%

Male Poverty Rate

29.55%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vermillion

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Native, with 82.61% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Asian, with 17.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.60%. Among those working part-time, it was 52.74%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.34%.

Vermillion Poverty

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Name Poverty
Some College26.68%
Less Than 9th Grade24.02%
High School15.65%
Bachelors or Greater5.23%

Vermillion Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed85.04%
Male Unemployed46.90%
Female Employed28.19%
Male Employed19.29%

Vermillion Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Vermillion Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$40,874$68,559
Families$88,245$107,489
Married Families$96,419-
Non Families$26,703$34,615
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Income by Household Type

Vermillion Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

32.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.0%

Male Marriage Rate

31.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Vermillion Married by Age and Sex

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Vermillion Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Vermillion Marital Status by Race

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Vermillion Marital Status

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427

Number of Veterans

417

Male Veterans

10

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War120
Second Gulf War115
Vietnam84
Korea52
World War II12

Vermillion Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54142
75+110
65 to 7489
55 to 6447
18 to 3439

Vermillion Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4245.28%
2+ Races31.75%

Vermillion Veterans by Race

Vermillion Veterans by Education

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4.44%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vermillion Veterans by Education

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71.8%

Labor Force Participation

67.3%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Vermillion Employment by Age

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Vermillion Employment by Race

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Vermillion Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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45.47%

Born in Vermillion

94.76%

Native Born

5.24%

Foreign Born

4.07%

Non Citizen

1.16%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.76% of Vermillion residents were born in the United States, with 45.47% having been born in South Dakota. 4.07% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Vermillion Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202111,2541641.48%
202011,0901641.50%
201910,9261641.52%
201810,762-45-0.42%
201710,807800.75%
201610,7271401.32%
201510,587-72-0.68%
201410,659-6-0.06%
201310,665-93-0.86%
201210,758790.74%
201110,6791251.18%
201010,5547890.78%
20009,765-269-0.27%
199010,034-102-0.10%
198010,1361,0081.05%
19709,1283,0264.11%
19606,1027651.35%
19505,3372,0134.85%
19403,3244741.55%
19302,8502600.96%
19202,5901,0902.77%
19001,5000.00%

Vermillion Population by Year