Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2024

12,061

Vermillion is a city located in Clay County South Dakota. Vermillion has a 2024 population of 12,061. It is also the county seat of Clay County.Vermillion is currently growing at a rate of 0.61% annually and its population has increased by 2.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 11,717 in 2020.

The average household income in Vermillion is $65,838 with a poverty rate of 26.24%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Vermillion is 23 years, 23.4 years for males, and 22.7 years for females.

Vermillion Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vermillion was:

  • White: 84.36%
  • Native American: 4.17%
  • Asian: 3.81%
  • Two or more races: 3.75%
  • Black or African American: 2.19%
  • Other race: 1.66%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
Land Area (mi²)
4.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
2,640.80/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
2.94% (344)
The current population of Vermillion, South Dakota is 12,061 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 11,717.

Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2024

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Vermillion Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White9,84284.36%
Native American4864.17%
Asian4453.81%
Two or more races4373.75%
Black or African American2552.19%
Other race1941.66%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander80.07%
showing: 7 rows

White

Native American

Asian

Two or more races

Black or African American

Other race

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Vermillion Population by Race

Vermillion Population Pyramid 2024

Vermillion Median Age

23

Total

23.4

Male

22.7

Female

Vermillion Adults

There are 9,788 adults, (1,011 of whom are seniors) in Vermillion.

Vermillion Age Dependency

32.9

Age Dependency Ratio

11.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Vermillion Sex Ratio

Female6,01051.51%
Male5,65748.49%

Vermillion Population by Age

Vermillion Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All4,0382.344159
Non Family2,2221.6919.880.2
Married1,320377.722.3
Female3203.5944.155.9
Male1763.2826.773.3
showing: 5 rows

2.97

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

41.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Vermillion Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among hispanic people with a rate of 98.11%.

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$43,809

Average Earnings

$46,796

Average Male

$36,108

Average Female

Vermillion Earnings by Educational Attainment

Vermillion Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Vermillion Language

94.46% of Vermillion residents speak only English, while 5.54% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.97% of the population.

Vermillion Language

Vermillion Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White7,7741,88124.2%
Other177177100%
Native46412927.8%
Asian39312632.06%
Hispanic26111744.83%
Black1999447.24%
Multiple4007819.5%
showing: 7 rows

26.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.21%

Male Poverty Rate

29.23%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vermillion

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Other, with 100% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Multiple, with 19.5% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.26%. Among those working part-time, it was 49.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.6%.

Vermillion Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.24%
High School13.87%
Some College13.02%
Bachelors or Greater7.29%
showing: 4 rows

Vermillion Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed53.26%
Male Unemployed48.05%
Female Employed23.58%
Male Employed15.62%
showing: 4 rows

Vermillion Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Vermillion Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Vermillion Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

27.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.4%

Male Marriage Rate

26.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Vermillion Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Vermillion Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Vermillion Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Vermillion Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

400

Number of Veterans

382

Male Veterans

18

Female Veterans

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Vermillion Veterans by War

count

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Vermillion Veterans by Age

count

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Vermillion Veterans by Race

Vermillion Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vermillion Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

68.9%

Labor Force Participation

61.7%

Employment Rate

10%

Unemployment Rate

Vermillion Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Vermillion Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Vermillion Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

47.84%

Born in Vermillion

95.13%

Native Born

4.87%

Foreign Born

3.89%

Non Citizen

0.98%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.13% of Vermillion residents were born in the United States, with 47.84% having been born in South Dakota. 3.89% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Vermillion Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202912,426730.59%
202812,353730.59%
202712,280730.6%
202612,207730.6%
202512,134730.61%
202412,061730.61%
202311,988730.61%
202211,915730.62%
202111,8421251.07%
202011,7177847.17%
201910,9331821.69%
201810,751-75-0.69%
201710,826730.68%
201610,7531531.44%
201510,600-71-0.67%
201410,671-1-0.01%
201310,672-92-0.85%
201210,764790.74%
201110,6851311.24%
201010,5547898.08%
20009,765-269-2.68%
199010,034-102-1.01%
198010,1361,00811.04%
19709,1283,02649.59%
19606,10276514.33%
19505,3372,01360.56%
19403,32447416.63%
19302,85026010.04%
19202,5901,09072.67%
19001,500
showing: 30 rows

Vermillion Population by Year