Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2022

11,418
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Vermillion is a city located in Clay County South Dakota. Vermillion has a 2020 population of 11,418. Vermillion is currently growing at a rate of 1.46% annually and its population has increased by 8.19% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,554 in 2010.

The average household income in Vermillion is $68,559 with a poverty rate of 26.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $727 per month, and the median house value is $158,800. The median age in Vermillion is 23 years, 23.2 years for males, and 22.9 years for females.

Vermillion Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vermillionwas:

  • White: 85.68%
  • Native American: 4.58%
  • Asian: 3.82%
  • Black or African American: 2.52%
  • Two or more races: 2.05%
  • Other race: 1.30%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Vermillion, South Dakota is 11,418 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 11,418.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,554.

Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201013,8280.00%
201113,9831551.11%
201214,064810.58%
201313,896-168-1.21%
201413,883-13-0.09%
201513,768-115-0.84%
201613,9331651.18%
201714,032990.71%
201813,983-49-0.35%
201914,070870.62%
202014,157870.61%
202114,244870.61%

Vermillion Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White9,29885.68%
Black or African American2742.52%
American Indian and Alaska Native4974.58%
Asian4153.82%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander50.05%
Some Other Race1411.30%
Two or More Races2222.05%
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Vermillion Population by Race

Vermillion Population Pyramid 2022

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Vermillion Median Age

23.3


Total

23.6


Male

23.1


Female

Vermillion Adults

There are 9,354 adults, (1,051 of whom are seniors) in Vermillion.

Vermillion Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

12.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

18

Child Dependency Ratio

Vermillion Sex Ratio

Female

5,596

51.57%

Male

5,256

48.43%

Vermillion Population by Age

Vermillion Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Vermillion Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married84%16%
All45.5%54.5%
Female36.7%63.3%
Non Family23.9%76.1%
Male0%100%

45.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Vermillion Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,9322.1545.5
Married1,4042.784
Male1262.830
Female2863.4336.7
Non Family2,1161.5823.9

2.7

Average Family Size

2.15

Average Household Size

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Vermillion Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1793.69%
9th to 12th Grade1743.59%
High School Graduate93719.33%
Some College72815.02%
Associates Degree2164.46%
Bachelors Degree1,35127.87%
Graduate Degree1,26326.05%
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Vermillion Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian282229229
Black565638
Hispanic10310367
White4,1233,8552,217
2+ Races797942
Native American23420255
Other Race66

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 81.21%.

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,370$41,956$29,851
Less Than 9th Grade$$$
High School Graduate$29,271$33,888$20,000
Some College$31,932$59,625$
Bachelors Degree$41,006$41,147$36,786
Graduate Degree$56,583$58,622$51,974

$38,370

Average Earnings

$41,956

Average Male

$29,851

Average Female

Vermillion Earnings by Educational Attainment

Vermillion Language by Age

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Vermillion Language

94.12% of Vermillion residents speak only English, while 5.88% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 2.60% of the population.

Vermillion Language

Vermillion Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black22114565.61%
Native44922550.11%
Hispanic28211039.01%
Multiple1856233.51%
White7,1081,65623.30%
Asian3595816.16%
Other119NaN%

26.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.79%

Male Poverty Rate

29.03%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vermillion

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Black, with 65.61% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 49.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.64%.

Vermillion Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.88%
High School14.46%
Some College19.50%
Bachelors or Greater6.19%

Vermillion Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed14.62%
Male Unemployed39.55%
Female Employed23.00%
Female Unemployed65.85%

Vermillion Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Vermillion Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$43,750$75,940
Families$84,516$121,464
Married Families$91,261-
Non Families$30,588$35,933
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Income by Household Type

Vermillion Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

31.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.8%

Male Marriage Rate

31.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Vermillion Married by Age and Sex

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Vermillion Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Vermillion Marital Status by Race

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Vermillion Marital Status

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474

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War131
First Gulf War124
Vietnam102
Korea67
World War II12

Vermillion Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 3448
35 to 54149
55 to 6437
65 to 74127
75+113

Vermillion Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4685.73%
2+ Races64.03%

Vermillion Veterans by Race

Vermillion Veterans by Education

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4.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.54%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vermillion Veterans by Education

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70.2%

Labor Force Participation

62.9%

Employment Rate

10.1%

Unemployment Rate

Vermillion Employment by Age

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Vermillion Employment by Race

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Vermillion Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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46.10%

Born in Vermillion

95.21%

Native Born

4.79%

Foreign Born

4.17%

Non Citizen

0.63%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.21% of Vermillion residents were born in the United States, with 46.10% having been born in South Dakota. 4.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Vermillion Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
19001,5000.00%
19202,5901,0902.77%
19302,8502600.96%
19403,3244741.55%
19505,3372,0134.85%
19606,1027651.35%
19709,1283,0264.11%
198010,1361,0081.05%
199010,034-102-0.10%
20009,765-269-0.27%
201010,5547890.78%
201110,6791251.18%
201210,758790.74%
201310,665-93-0.86%
201410,659-6-0.06%
201510,587-72-0.68%
201610,7271401.32%
201710,807800.75%
201810,762-45-0.42%
201910,9261641.52%
202011,0901641.50%
202111,2541641.48%
202211,4181641.46%

Vermillion Population by Year