Union County, New Mexico Population 2024

3,746

Union County, New Mexico's estimated 2024 population is 3,746 with a growth rate of -3.03% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Union County, New Mexico is the 31st largest county in New Mexico. The 2010 population was 4,541 and has seen a growth of -17.51% since that time.

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20293,161-117-3.57%
20283,278-117-3.45%
20273,395-117-3.33%
20263,512-117-3.22%
20253,629-117-3.12%
20243,746-117-3.03%
20233,863-117-2.94%
20223,980-117-2.86%
20214,097250.61%
20204,072290.72%
20194,043-56-1.37%
20184,099-95-2.27%
20174,194280.67%
20164,166-8-0.19%
20154,174-85-2%
20144,259-95-2.18%
20134,354-54-1.23%
20124,408-8-0.18%
20114,416-125-2.75%
20104,541
19904,124-601-12.72%
19804,725-200-4.06%
19704,925-1,143-18.84%
19606,068-1,304-17.69%
19507,372-1,723-18.94%
19409,095-1,941-17.59%
193011,036-5,644-33.84%
192016,6805,27646.26%
191011,4046,876151.86%
19004,5281,36743.25%
showing: 30 rows
2024 Growth Rate
-3.03% (-117)
County Website
Union County
County Seat
2010 Population
4,541
Area
3824 mi²
Density
1 people/mi²
Growth Since 2010
-17.51% (-795)
Founded
January 1, 1894

Union County, New Mexico Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White2,85169.98%
Two or more races83520.5%
Other race2024.96%
Native American1363.34%
Black or African American501.23%
Asian
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Black or African American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Union County, New Mexico Population by Race

Union County, New Mexico Population Pyramid 2024

Union County, New Mexico Median Age

39.4

Total

39.6

Male

37.7

Female

Union County, New Mexico Adults

There are 3,204 adults, (898 of whom are seniors) in Union County, New Mexico.

Union County, New Mexico Age Dependency

76.7

Age Dependency Ratio

38.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Union County, New Mexico Sex Ratio

Female1,89246.44%
Male2,18253.56%

Union County, New Mexico Population by Age

Union County, New Mexico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All1,4632.4565.134.9
Non Family6411.1160.439.6
Married4902.9177.322.7
Female2125.1647.652.4
Male120370.829.2
showing: 5 rows

3.26

Average Family Size

2.45

Average Household Size

65.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Union County, New Mexico Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Union County, New Mexico Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Union County, New Mexico Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.84%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 19.42%.

Union County, New Mexico Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$31,820

Average Earnings

$42,240

Average Male

$21,829

Average Female

Union County, New Mexico Earnings by Educational Attainment

Union County, New Mexico Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Union County, New Mexico Language

79.82% of Union County, New Mexico residents speak only English, while 20.18% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.29% of the population.

Union County, New Mexico Language

Union County, New Mexico Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,49438625.84%
Multiple80319624.41%
White1,9251789.25%
Other1964020.41%
Native1162118.1%
showing: 5 rows

17.81%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.14%

Male Poverty Rate

20.29%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Union County, New Mexico

The race most likely to be in poverty in Union County, New Mexico is Hispanic, with 25.84% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Union County, New Mexico is White, with 9.25% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.72%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.85%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26%.

Union County, New Mexico Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade37.5%
High School22.45%
Bachelors or Greater10.23%
Some College5.2%
showing: 4 rows

Union County, New Mexico Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed76.92%
Female Unemployed22.58%
Female Employed11.86%
Male Employed2.68%
showing: 4 rows

Union County, New Mexico Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Union County, New Mexico Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Union County, New Mexico Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

34.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.5%

Male Marriage Rate

34.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Union County, New Mexico Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Union County, New Mexico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Union County, New Mexico Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Union County, New Mexico Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

274

Number of Veterans

263

Male Veterans

11

Female Veterans

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Union County, New Mexico Veterans by War

count

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Union County, New Mexico Veterans by Age

count

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Union County, New Mexico Veterans by Race

Union County, New Mexico Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

4.18%

Veteran Poverty Rate

58.58%

Veteran Disability Rate

Union County, New Mexico Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

43.9%

Labor Force Participation

41.4%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

Union County, New Mexico Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Union County, New Mexico Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Union County, New Mexico Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

57.58%

Born in Union County, New Mexico

97.55%

Native Born

2.45%

Foreign Born

2.11%

Non Citizen

0.34%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.55% of Union County, New Mexico residents were born in the United States, with 57.58% having been born in New Mexico. 2.11% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Union County, New Mexico Place of Birth

Sources