Essex County, Virginia Population 2020

Essex County, Virginia's estimated population is 10,735 with a growth rate of -0.85% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Essex County, Virginia is the 115th largest county in Virginia.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202010,735-92-0.85%
201910,827-92-0.84%
201810,919-92-0.84%
201711,011-75-0.68%
201611,086-11-0.10%
201511,097300.27%
201411,067-90-0.81%
201311,157250.22%
201211,132-35-0.31%
201111,167210.19%
201011,1462,45728.28%
19908,689-175-1.97%
19808,8641,76524.86%
19707,0994096.11%
19606,6901602.45%
19506,530-476-6.79%
19407,006300.43%
19306,976-1,566-18.33%
19208,542-563-6.18%
19109,105-596-6.14%
19009,701-346-3.44%
189010,047-985-8.93%
188011,0321,10511.13%
18709,927-542-5.18%
186010,4692632.58%
185010,206-1,103-9.75%
184011,3097887.49%
183010,5216126.18%
18209,9095335.68%
18109,376-132-1.39%
18009,5083864.23%
17909,1220.00%
2020 Growth Rate
-0.85%
County Website
Founded
1692
County Seat
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Essex County, Virginia Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White6,12955.54%
Black or African American4,28138.79%
Some Other Race3162.86%
Two or More Races1381.25%
American Indian and Alaska Native1030.93%
Asian690.63%
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Essex County, Virginia Population Pyramid 2020

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Essex County, Virginia Median Age

46


Total

46.2


Male

45.9


Female

Essex County, Virginia Adults

There are 8,779 adults, (2,379 of whom are seniors) in Essex County, Virginia.

Essex County, Virginia Age Dependency

72.4

Age Dependency Ratio

37.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Essex County, Virginia Sex Ratio

Female

6,074

55.04%

Male

4,962

44.96%

Essex County, Virginia Households and Families

Essex County, Virginia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Essex County, Virginia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.1%17.9%
All69.6%30.4%
Non Family60.9%39.1%
Male57.1%42.9%
Female54.3%45.7%

69.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All4,4632.4369.6
Married2,0552.8882.1
Non Family1,5741.1660.9
Female5543.8354.3
Male2803.657.1

3.02

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

8.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Essex County, Virginia Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3524.50%
9th to 12th Grade99412.72%
High School Graduate2,94537.68%
Some College1,84123.56%
Associates Degree3925.02%
Bachelors Degree94112.04%
Graduate Degree3504.48%
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Essex County, Virginia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White4,5873,903907
Black2,8442,225301
Hispanic15315331
Multiple Races10710729
Other Race9999
Native American7248
Asian523323

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.23%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,124$42,350$26,357
Less Than High School$33,000$40,600$20,607
High School Grad$35,241$43,304$24,834
Some College$30,893$39,257$26,351
Bachelors Degree$42,442$58,393$36,833
Graduate Degree$50,556$61,563$36,500

$35,124

Average Earnings

$42,350

Average Male

$26,357

Average Female

Essex County, Virginia Language

Essex County, Virginia Language by Age

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Essex County, Virginia Language

96.50% of Essex County, Virginia residents speak only English, while 3.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.30% of the population.

Essex County, Virginia Poverty

Essex County, Virginia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black4,26695022.27%
White5,9874367.28%
Asian695985.51%
Multiple1383827.54%
Native1031110.68%
Other31661.90%

13.69%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.57%

Male Poverty Rate

16.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Essex County, Virginia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Essex County, Virginia is Asian, with 85.51% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Essex County, Virginia is Other, with 1.90% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.09%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.43%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.03%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.82%
High School13.19%
Some College7.71%
Bachelors or Greater6.43%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.48%
Male Unemployed24.41%
Female Employed8.67%
Male Employed4.09%

Essex County, Virginia Income

Essex County, Virginia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,681$62,347
Families$57,859$73,689
Married Families$69,734-
Non Families$28,182$38,362
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Essex County, Virginia Marital Status

Essex County, Virginia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.7%

Male Marriage Rate

44.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Essex County, Virginia Married by Age and Sex

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Essex County, Virginia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Essex County, Virginia Marital Status by Race

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Essex County, Virginia Veterans

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716

Number of Veterans

716

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam355
First Gulf War91
Korea69
Second Gulf War43
World War II33
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74294
75+179
35 to 54113
55 to 64112
18 to 3418
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Name Veterans % of Total
White51810.08%
Black1915.86%
2 or More76.54%

Essex County, Virginia Veterans by Education

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10.06%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.86%

Veteran Disability Rate

Essex County, Virginia Employment Status

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61.3%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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75.61%

Born in Virginia

98.35%

Native Born

1.65%

Foreign Born

0.61%

Non Citizen

1.04%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.35% of Essex County, Virginia residents were born in the United States, with 75.61% having been born in Virginia. 0.61% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990