How Old is Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is one of the most fundamentally diverse countries in the world. Having undergone multiple regime changes even in the past 100 hundred years, the initial Hotak Dynasty of Afghanistan came into power in 1709. The restoration of Afghanistan as an Islamic Emirate was in 2021. This makes Afghanistan as old as 313 years, and as young as 11 months, depending on how it can be viewed. Below are the key facts about Afghanistan: Status UN member state under an unrecognized government

Basic Info

Capitol: Kabul. Coordinates: 34°31′N 69°11′E

Major languages: Pashto, Dari

Ethnic groups (2019 unofficial estimates)

  • 42% Pashtun
  • 27% Tajik
  • 9% Hazara
  • 9% Uzbek
  • 4% Aimaq
  • 3% Turkmen
  • 2% Baloch
  • 4% Others

Religion (2009 estimate)

  • 99.7% Islam (official)
  • 0.3% Others
  • Demonym(s) Afghan


Government: Unitary Provisional Theocratic Islamic Emirate

• Leader: Hibatullah Akhundzada

• Prime Minister: Hasan Akhund (acting)

• Chief Justice: Abdul Hakim Ishaqzai

• Legislature: Leadership Council (consultative body)

Formation History

• Hotak dynasty: 1709–1738

• Durrani Empire: 1747–1823

• Emirate: 1823–1839

• Restoration of the Durrani Kingdom: 1839–1842

• Restoration of the Emirate: 1842–1926

• Dost Mohammad unites Afghanistan: 27 May 1863

• Anglo-Afghan Agreement: 26 May 1879

• Independence: 19 August 1919

• Kingdom: 9 June 1926

• Republic: 17 July 1973

• Democratic Republic: 27–28 April 1978

• Islamic State: 28 April 1992

• Islamic Emirate: 27 September 1996

• Islamic Republic: 26 January 2004

• Restoration of Islamic Emirate: 15 August 2021

Additional Info

• Total Area: 652,867 km2 (252,073 sq mi) (40th)

• Water (%) negligible

• Population (2021 Estimate) 40,218,234 (37th)

• Density: 48.08/km2 (124.5/sq mi) (174th) GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate

• Total: $72.911 billion (96th)

• Per capita: $2,024 (169th)

• Total: $21.657 billion (111st)

• GDP (nominal) 2018 Estimate Per capita $493 (177th)

• HDI (2019) Increase: 0.511[21] (low · 169th)

• Currency: Afghani (افغانی) (AFN)

• Time zone: UTC+4:30

• Solar Calendar: (D†)

• Driving side: right

• Calling code:+93

• ISO 3166 code: AF

• Internet TLD: .af

The Current State of Afghanistan

Afghanistan's unique geographical position has caused it to adopt various regime changes throughout its history. It has been Independent, under suzerain rule, a Kingdom, a Republic, an Islamic State, an Islamic Republic, and (various times) has been an Islamic Emirate. The most recent constitutional change was on August 15, 2021 - restoring it to an Emirate that was initially created in 1823. In the early dynasties of Afghan history, they warred with their neighboring Arabic states for control over their land and political ideology. In the mid to late 1800s, the British Empire was at its peak, and Afghanistan was warring with British-controlled India in order to defend its land. This occurred well into the start of the First World War, acting as a "trojan horse" between Russia and Britain.

After the end of the 2nd World War, when Afghanistan remained neutral (but was active in building relations with the axis powers), it was largely controlled by Russia and formed the People's Republic. Civil unrest grew after the Soviet withdrawal, and the people's republic collapsed in 1992.

Date of Initial Sovereignty
Years Since Initial Sovereignty

How Old is Afghanistan?

How old is Afghanistan?

The country of Afghanistan is 314 years old, founded in the year 1709.

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