Bangladesh Population 2024 (Live)

174,549,167

According to current population projections, Bangladesh’s population will reach its peak in 2053 with a population of 192.78.

The population growth rate has significantly decreased in Bangladesh over the last 60 years, peaking at 3.23% in 1967 and is now as low as 1%. Despite this, the population continues to grow and Bangladesh continues to be one of the most populated countries in the world.

Reasons for Bangladesh’s continued growth include low contraception use, child marriage, and high total and adolescent fertility rates. Additionally, the birth rate in Bangladesh is 17.88 births per 1,000 people and the death rate is about 4.8 deaths per 1,000 people.

Bangladesh Population Growth

Through the 1960s and 1970s, the birth rate in Bangladesh was among the highest in the world but that started to slow down considerably in the 1980s. The fertility rate is now at 2.4 children born per woman. Bangladesh has a fairly young population with 34% aged 15 and younger and just 5% aged 65 and older.

Bangladesh Population Projections

The rate of growth has been slowing steadily for quite a while, and that trend is expected to continue further into the 21st century. The country is currently growing at an annual rate of around 1%, but this is expected to halve by 2040. Bangladesh is expected to reach a population of 170 million by 2020, and 186 million by 2030.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
130,170
The current population of Bangladesh is 174,549,167 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 174,701,211.

Bangladesh Growth Rate

Bangladesh Population Clock

Bangladesh Population (as of 5/29/2024)174,549,167
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)174,701,211
Births per Day8,152
Deaths per Day2,552
Migrations per Day-849
Net Change per Day4,751
Population Change Since Jan. 1712,650

Components of Population Change

One birth every 11 seconds
One death every 34 seconds
One emigrant every 1.7 minutes
Net gain of one person every 18 seconds

Bangladesh Population Clock

Bangladesh Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Dhaka10,356,500
Chittagong3,920,222
Khulna1,342,339
Rajshahi700,133
Comilla389,411
Shibganj378,701
Natore369,138
Rangpur343,122
Tungi337,579
Narsingdi281,080

The country has a population density of 1,115.62 people per square kilometer,(2,889.45/square mile), which ranks 10th in the world. The surface area in Bangladesh is currently at 147,570 km² (or 56,977 square miles).

Largest Cities in Bangladesh

The capital and largest city of Bangladesh is Dhaka, which has a population of 14.4 million and a density of 19,447 people per square mile (50,368/square mile). The city has a metro population of more than 7 million. Dhaka is often called the Rickshaw Capital of the World with more than 600,000 cycle rickshaws on the roads every day. The next-largest city is Chittagong, with a population of 2.6 million.

The last official census in the country was carried out in 2011. The Bangladesh population stood at 142 million while an approximation from the CIA in July of that year indicated that numbers were more likely to be significantly higher at 158,570,535.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024174,701,2111.09%1,34289
2023172,954,3191.11%1,32989
2020167,420,9511.15%1,28689
2019165,516,2221.12%1,272810
2018163,683,9581.17%1,257810
2017161,793,9641.26%1,243810
2015157,830,0001.24%1,212810
2010148,391,1391.04%1,140810
2005140,912,5901.75%1,08389
2000129,193,3271.86%99288
1995117,793,3381.91%90599
1990107,147,6512.23%82398
198595,959,0992.71%73798
198083,929,7652.36%64588
197574,700,3452.04%57499
197067,541,8602.92%51999
196558,500,1593.03%44999
196050,396,4292.6%387109
195544,315,5482.21%340119

Bangladesh Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024174,701,2111.09%1,34289
2025176,421,5091.05%1,35589
2030184,424,1440.89%1,41789
2035191,166,6140.72%1,46989
2040196,526,1230.56%1,51089
2045200,709,3780.42%1,542810
2050203,904,9000.32%1,5661010
2055206,011,2710.21%1,5831010
2060206,887,4430.08%1,5891010
2065206,436,847-0.04%1,5861010
2070204,718,336-0.17%1,5731010
2075201,891,486-0.28%1,5511010
2080198,102,576-0.38%1,5221110
2085193,475,937-0.47%1,4861210
2090188,142,991-0.56%1,4451211
2095182,342,109-0.62%1,4011211

Bangladesh Population by Year (Projections)

Bangladesh Population Pyramid 2024

Bangladesh Median Age

27.9

Total

27.1

Male

28.6

Female

Bangladesh Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Bangladesh.

Census Years

Year
Date
20212021
201115 March 2011
200122 January 2001
199111 March 1991

Bangladesh Population Pyramid

Bangladesh Demographics

98% of the Bangladesh population are ethnic Bengalis with the remaining 2% made up from Biharis and other ethnic tribes. Minorities in Bangladesh include indigenous people in northern Bangladesh and the Chittagong Hill Tracts, which have 11 ethnic tribal groups such as the Chakma, Tanchangya, Kuki, Bawm and Marma. The Mymensingh region is home to a large Garo population, while North Bengal has a large population of aboriginal Santals.

Bangladesh Religion, Economy and politics

In terms of religions preferred by the population, we see that Muslim comes in with 89.1% of the population, Hindu with 10%, and other religions make up the remaining 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) of the population.

Life expectancy in Bangladesh is currently at 73.4 years of age, with an overall happiness ranking of 115 out of all other countries with recorded data. The accessibility of clean water and improved sanitation is still struggling with respective numbers of 13.1% struggling for clean water and 39.4% struggling to access sanitation. Only 72.8% of the population over 15 years of age is literate, with a GDP expenditure of only 2.5% on education.

Bangladesh Population History

Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971 and a nationwide census at the time confirmed that there were 71 million people living here. In 1980, the Bangladesh population had grown to 90.4 million and similar rises have been recorded on a decade by decade basis ever since.

The nationwide census in the country took place in March of 2011 and preliminary results claimed that the population of Bangladesh at the time was 142.3 million. This was immediately disputed by the UN and was subsequently dismissed by the Bangladesh authorities themselves.

Bangladesh Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
147,570
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$455.16
GDP (UN '22)
$432.68 Bn
  1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources