French Guiana Population 2020 (Live)

298,703
The current population of French Guiana is 298,703, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 298,682.

French Guiana Growth Rate

French Guiana Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Cayenne61,550
Matoury26,350
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni24,287
Kourou24,029
Remire-Montjoly19,029
Macouria8,773
Mana5,885

French Guiana Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020298,6822.70%3.63182225
2019290,8322.79%3.54182225
2018282,9382.81%3.44183225
2017275,1912.75%3.35185225
2016267,8212.61%3.26185226
2015260,9992.30%3.18185226
2010233,0022.80%2.83185227
2005202,9714.46%2.47185227
2000163,1653.50%1.98186228
1995137,4003.48%1.67190228
1990115,7846.02%1.41191228
198586,4395.23%1.05195229
198066,9773.56%0.81197229
197556,2233.24%0.68201229
197047,9304.27%0.58203229
196538,8923.96%0.47204229
196032,0322.37%0.39205229
195528,4902.27%0.35204229
195025,4720.00%0.31203229

French Guiana Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020298,6822.70%3.63182225
2025337,4872.47%4.11182223
2030377,6112.27%4.59180221
2035419,0252.10%5.10179221
2040460,8961.92%5.61177220
2045502,7291.75%6.12176220
2050544,8071.62%6.63176220
2055587,0861.51%7.14175219
2060629,1411.39%7.65173219
2065670,6221.29%8.16173218
2070711,4771.19%8.66171218
2075751,3921.10%9.14170218
2080790,1821.01%9.61170218
2085827,4920.93%10.07169218
2090863,0250.84%10.50169217
2095896,2290.76%10.90167217

French Guiana Population by Year (Projections)

French Guiana Population Pyramid 2020

French Guiana Population by Age

There are 180,186 adults in French Guiana.

French Guiana Population Pyramid

French Guiana is located in the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas. To the southeast it borders Brazil and to the west Suriname. As a French overseas department, and a region of the French Republic, French Guiana has been the only territory of a European country to be located in the mainland Americas since Belize gained independence in 1981.

French Guiana is the second largest, and largest outermost region within the European Union, however with only 9.3 residents per square mile, it has a very low population density. As of 2019, around 50% of its 297,000 inhabitants live in the capital city of Cayenne. Forests cover 98.9% of the country, of that 41% is the Guiana Amazonian Park.

The name Guiana comes from an Amerindian language, meaning “land of many waters.” The addition of the “French” adjective harkens back to colonial times, and the existence of Portuguese Guiana (now Ampá, Brazil), Spanish Guiana (now Guiana Esequiba and Guiana Region in Venezuela), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname) and British Guiana (now Guyana).

Demographics

High fertility rates in French Guiana have led to a very young population. 44% of the country is below the age of 20, and a mere 1.7% is recorded as 75 or older.

The breakdown of nationality was recorded in 2010 as:

  • 64.5% French
  • 13.8% Surinamese
  • 8.8% Haitian
  • 8.7% Brazilian
  • 1.7% Guyanese
  • 1% Colombian
  • 0.5% Chinese
  • 0.4% Dominican
  • 0.1% Peruvian

European ancestry accounts for about 14% of the population. The majority of people with European ancestry are French, however there are also people of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, and British heritage.

History

The French first attempted to colonize Guiana in 1763, failing totally in part due to the harsh climate and tropical diseases. Of the initial 12,000 settlers only 2,000 survived.

In the mid 19th century, France set up prisons on three of the islands and on the mainland as a penal colony. Approximately 56,000 prisoners were transported to “Devil’s Island” during this time, and fewer than 10% would survive their sentence in its operation between 1852 and 1953.

French president Charles de Gaulle in 1964 selected Guiana to be the location of a new spaceport. The Guiana Space Centre became operational in 1968, and has grown considerably since it’s initial launches in the 1970s.

A 2010 referendum saw the people of French Guiana voting against independence, continuing its rule under the French Republic.

Population Growth

It's estimated that, after the first failed colonies in 1763, the population of French Guiana rose to around 14,520 by 1790. By 1891, 100 years later, this had more than doubled to 33,500.

It's believed that today there are 297,000 people living in the country today, an increase more than tenfold than the population in the 1950s. A similar increase is expected to continue into the foreseeable future.

French Guiana is overseas departments of France. It is located in the Guyanas along the coast of South America. French Guiana has the distinction of being the only territory on the mainland of America that is part of a country in Europe.

French Guiana has a total area of 32,253 square miles. Because the population is 296,711, this leaves the region with a very low population density of just over 9 people per square mile. Its total area makes it the second largest region of France.

Cayenne is the capital – or prefecture – of French Guiana. The population of Cayenne is 60,580. However, its urban area is home to about half of the inhabitants of French Guiana. This is because nearly 99% of the region is covered by forests, including rainforests. The largest park in the EU, Guiana Amazonian Park, takes up over 40% of the department’s land area.

French Guiana’s population has grown steading since the late 18th century. Not only has the population grown in size, but it has also grown in diversity. While over half of the inhabitants were born in French Guiana, there are also immigrants from places including Metropolitan France, Saint Martin, Suriname, Haiti, and Brazil.

The largest ethnic group in French Guiana are Mulattoes, which are of French and African ancestry. There are also Haitians, Europeans, and Asians calling this area home.

It should come as no surprise that the official language of French Guiana is French. It is spoken by most residents and is used by the government. However, there are other languages spoken throughout the region, including French Guianese Creole, Amerindian languages, Dutch, Spanish, and English. Most people in French Guiana practice Roman Catholicism, although other minority religions are practiced.

About French Guiana

  1. Statoids Arrondissements of French Guiana
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of he subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer