Gabon Population 2020

2,212,473

Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa, bordered by the Republic of the Congo, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Gulf of Guinea. Gabon has a population estimated at 2.23 million in 2020, which ranks 146th in the world.

Gabon has a total area of almost 270,000 square kilometers (76th in the world) with a population density of around 5.5 people per square kilometer, which ranks 216th in the world. This makes Gabon one of the least densely populated countries on earth.

The capital and largest city is Libreville, which has a population estimated at 582,000 in 2015. While the population of Gabon has been increasing steadily since the 1960s, it declined between 1900 and 1940.

Gabon Demographics

Pygmy peoples were the first inhabitants of Gabon, although they were mostly absorbed by the Bantu tribes. Nearly all Gabonese today are of Bantu origin, but there are at least 40 ethnic groups in the country. It is believed that the Fang are the largest at 29%, but recent census information favors the Nzebi people. Other groups include the Myene, Kota, Shira, Puru and Kande. There are also several Pygmy groups, including the Baka, Kota and Bongo. The Pygmies were the earliest inhabitants of the area, although they were mostly replaced and absorbed by the Bantu tribes.

Gabon has relatively little ethnic tension, especially compared to other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as its ethnic groups are spread throughout the country and intermarriage between groups is common.

Gabon Today

Gabon has the Human Development Indexes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Abundant petroleum, foreign private investment, and a low population density have helped to make the country one of the most prosperous in Sub-Saharan Africa with the third highest GDP per capita in the area.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 8 minutes
One death every 36 minutes
One net migrant every 240 minutes
Net gain of one person every 10 minutes

Gabon Population in 2018Source: By cliff1066 (Flickr [1]) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Gabon Population Pyramid 2020

Gabon Population by Age

There are 1,248,954 adults in Gabon.

Census Years

Year Date
20232023
201322 May 2013
2003December 2003
199331 July 1993

Gabon's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year.

Official NameGabonese Republic
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-1.00, 11.75
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymGabonese
BordersCameroon
Republic Of The Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Name Population Location
Libreville578,156Map
Port-Gentil109,163Map
Franceville42,967Map
Oyem30,870Map
Moanda30,151Map
Mouila22,469Map
Lambarene20,714Map
Tchibanga19,365Map
Koulamoutou16,222Map
Makokou13,571Map
Bitam10,297Map
Gamba9,928Map
Mounana8,780Map
Ntoum8,569Map
Lastoursville8,340Map
Okondja7,155Map
Ndende6,200Map
Booue5,787Map
Fougamou5,649Map
Ndjole5,098Map

Gabon Population Clock

The population of Gabon (as of 4/2/2020)?2,212,473
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)2,225,734
Births Per Day183
Deaths Per Day40
Net Migrations Per Day6
Net Change Per Day149
Population Change Since January 1st13,857

Gabon Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 2,212,773

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,225,73450.90%49.10%8.321462.45%
20192,172,57950.92%49.08%8.121462.52%
20182,119,27550.93%49.07%7.921462.64%
20172,064,82350.94%49.06%7.711492.84%
20162,007,87350.94%49.06%7.501493.09%
20151,947,68650.92%49.08%7.281503.70%
20101,624,14050.59%49.41%6.071503.15%
20051,390,54950.01%49.99%5.201492.51%
20001,228,36049.68%50.32%4.591512.51%
19951,084,94649.28%50.72%4.051532.70%
1990949,48849.03%50.97%3.551532.80%
1985827,10848.77%51.23%3.091522.63%
1980726,32848.50%51.50%2.711532.32%
1975647,53648.22%51.78%2.421531.90%
1970589,31447.97%52.03%2.201532.02%
1965533,36148.58%51.42%1.991531.26%
1960500,92848.87%51.13%1.871520.68%
1955484,31348.82%51.18%1.811500.46%
1950473,29848.77%51.23%1.771490.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,225,73450.90%49.10%8.321460.00%
20252,487,68250.79%49.21%9.291462.25%
20302,744,45150.67%49.33%10.251451.98%
20353,001,78950.53%49.47%11.211411.81%
20403,265,41150.39%49.61%12.201391.70%
20453,536,54750.23%49.77%13.211371.61%
20503,809,05050.06%49.94%14.231351.50%
20554,073,68049.90%50.10%15.221341.35%
20604,323,45349.76%50.24%16.151341.20%
20654,557,52749.64%50.36%17.031341.06%
20704,780,46549.55%50.45%17.861310.96%
20754,996,10749.48%50.52%18.671310.89%
20805,203,96949.42%50.58%19.441300.82%
20855,399,34449.37%50.63%20.171270.74%
20905,577,15549.31%50.69%20.841260.65%
20955,730,17449.27%50.73%21.411250.54%
  1. Direction générale de la statistique et des études économiques
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1993, 2003 and 2013 censuses, both adjusted for underenumeration, with official estimates for 2005, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer