Guadeloupe Population 2020
Guadeloupe is a French-owned region in the Caribbean consisting of six islands: La Désirade, Grande-Terre, the Îles des Saintes, Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre, as well as many other outcroppings and uninhabited islands. Its top three cities are Les Abymes (pop: 55,000), Baie-Mahault (31,000), and Le Gosier (27,000). As of 2019, Guadeloupe has a population of 448,869. Guadeloupe has a 2020 population of 400,124 according to the latest estimates from the UN's World Population Prospects.
Because French censuses do not keep a record of its population's ethnicity, estimates of the percentages of Guadeloupe ethnic composition can vary. Most Guadeloupians are primarily of African heritage, mixed with some French ancestry. The CIA’s World Factbook in 2006 estimated the ethnic composition of Guadeloupe as:
- 75% Black/Mulatto
- 11% White
- 9% Tamil/East Indian
- 3% Lebanese/Syrian
- 2% Chinese/Other
French is the official language of Guadeloupe. There is, however, a local Creole dialect, Patois, which is also widely used.
Venezuelan Arawak Indians were the first to settle on Guadeloupe around 300 BCE. The majority of the Arawak were, however, pushed out around the time of the 8th century by Carib Indians, also from Venezuela.
In 1493, on his second voyage to the Americas, Christopher Columbus discovered the island, naming it “Santa María de Guadalupe de Extremadura.” Due to two failed attempts in the 1500s to settle on the islands, the Spanish abandoned Guadeloupe. These failures are attributed to the Caribs' fierceness. At the time, the Caribs were the dominant group in the Caribbean, which is named for them. In 1635, the French took Guadeloupe, driving away most of the Caribs Indians after a great loss of life caused by European infectious diseases. By the end of the 17th century, Guadeloupe had been annexed to France.
Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, the island fell into the hands of the British. It returned back to French hands when France agreed to forfeit its claims in Canada in return for control of the islands, only to lose it again to the British twice, and briefly to Sweden in 1813. French control was finally returned for good in 1815 at the signing of the Treaty of Vienna.
Since 2010, Guadeloupe has actually started to see a decline in population. After having more than doubled in the 60 years preceding 2010 from 210,003 to 450,718, it has since fallen by 0.43% to 448,798. It's projected that this decline will continue, and by the end of the 21st century Guadeloupe could see a population size akin to what it was around 30 years ago, with a potential decline of 22.04%.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 111 minutes|
|One death every 160 minutes|
|One net migrant every 360 minutes|
|Net loss of one person every Infinity minutes|