Guadeloupe Population 2020

400,124

Guadeloupe is a French-owned region in the Caribbean consisting of six islands: La Désirade, Grande-Terre, the Îles des Saintes, Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre, as well as many other outcroppings and uninhabited islands. Its top three cities are Les Abymes (pop: 55,000), Baie-Mahault (31,000), and Le Gosier (27,000). As of 2019, Guadeloupe has a population of 448,869. Guadeloupe has a 2020 population of 400,124 according to the latest estimates from the UN's World Population Prospects.

Demographics

Because French censuses do not keep a record of its population's ethnicity, estimates of the percentages of Guadeloupe ethnic composition can vary. Most Guadeloupians are primarily of African heritage, mixed with some French ancestry. The CIA’s World Factbook in 2006 estimated the ethnic composition of Guadeloupe as:

  • 75% Black/Mulatto
  • 11% White
  • 9% Tamil/East Indian
  • 3% Lebanese/Syrian
  • 2% Chinese/Other

There are also a small number of immigrants from other Caribbean islands such as Dominica and Haiti.

French is the official language of Guadeloupe. There is, however, a local Creole dialect, Patois, which is also widely used.

History

Venezuelan Arawak Indians were the first to settle on Guadeloupe around 300 BCE. The majority of the Arawak were, however, pushed out around the time of the 8th century by Carib Indians, also from Venezuela.

In 1493, on his second voyage to the Americas, Christopher Columbus discovered the island, naming it “Santa María de Guadalupe de Extremadura.” Due to two failed attempts in the 1500s to settle on the islands, the Spanish abandoned Guadeloupe. These failures are attributed to the Caribs' fierceness. At the time, the Caribs were the dominant group in the Caribbean, which is named for them. In 1635, the French took Guadeloupe, driving away most of the Caribs Indians after a great loss of life caused by European infectious diseases. By the end of the 17th century, Guadeloupe had been annexed to France.

Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, the island fell into the hands of the British. It returned back to French hands when France agreed to forfeit its claims in Canada in return for control of the islands, only to lose it again to the British twice, and briefly to Sweden in 1813. French control was finally returned for good in 1815 at the signing of the Treaty of Vienna.

Population Growth

Since 2010, Guadeloupe has actually started to see a decline in population. After having more than doubled in the 60 years preceding 2010 from 210,003 to 450,718, it has since fallen by 0.43% to 448,798. It's projected that this decline will continue, and by the end of the 21st century Guadeloupe could see a population size akin to what it was around 30 years ago, with a potential decline of 22.04%.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 111 minutes
One death every 160 minutes
One net migrant every 360 minutes
Net loss of one person every Infinity minutes

Guadeloupe Population in 2018Source: By Nicolas Vilars The original uploader was Vilars at French Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Guadeloupe Population Pyramid 2020

Guadeloupe Population by Age

There are 306,727 adults in Guadeloupe.

Census Years

Year Date
20151 January 2015
20061 January 2006
19998 March 1999
199015 March 1990
Official NameGuadeloupe
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude16.25, -61.58
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymGuadeloupian
BordersNone
Name Population Location
Les Abymes63,058Map
Baie-Mahault30,551Map
Le Gosier28,698Map
Petit-Bourg24,994Map
Sainte-Anne22,859Map
Le Moule22,692Map
Sainte-Rose20,192Map
Capesterre-Belle-Eau19,821Map
Pointe-a-Pitre18,264Map
Lamentin14,891Map
Saint-Francois12,732Map
Basse-Terre11,472Map
Saint-Claude10,134Map
Trois-Rivieres8,812Map
Gourbeyre8,571Map
Petit-Canal8,554Map
Pointe-Noire7,749Map
Vieux-Habitants7,728Map
Bouillante7,540Map
Grand-Bourg5,867Map

Guadeloupe Population Clock

The population of Guadeloupe (as of 4/2/2020)?400,124
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)400,124
Births Per Day13
Deaths Per Day9
Net Migrations Per Day-4
Net Change Per Day
Population Change Since January 1st

Guadeloupe Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 400,107

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020400,12446.12%53.88%245.781760.02%
2019400,05646.17%53.83%245.731760.05%
2018399,84846.21%53.79%245.611760.04%
2017399,67246.26%53.75%245.50176-0.02%
2016399,76346.29%53.70%245.55176-0.12%
2015400,25546.32%53.68%245.86176-0.29%
2010406,07146.43%53.57%249.431740.16%
2005402,90447.18%52.81%247.48174-0.92%
2000422,05148.39%51.61%259.251710.89%
1995403,73848.54%51.46%248.001690.73%
1990389,24948.89%51.11%239.101682.58%
1985342,73048.91%51.09%210.521700.36%
1980336,68548.86%51.14%206.811660.49%
1975328,49348.76%51.24%201.781640.41%
1970321,88348.86%51.14%197.721631.41%
1965300,05648.89%51.11%184.311641.75%
1960275,16149.13%50.88%169.021633.11%
1955236,06448.70%51.29%145.001642.37%
1950210,00348.10%51.90%128.991650.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020400,12446.12%53.88%245.781760.00%
2025399,24845.98%54.02%245.24178-0.04%
2030400,24645.93%54.07%245.851780.05%
2035400,67745.90%54.10%246.121800.02%
2040398,34245.89%54.11%244.68181-0.12%
2045393,35545.93%54.07%241.62181-0.25%
2050386,92246.07%53.93%237.67182-0.33%
2055379,83946.30%53.70%233.32182-0.37%
2060373,53646.64%53.36%229.44183-0.33%
2065368,53447.08%52.92%226.37183-0.27%
2070364,71347.54%52.46%224.03183-0.21%
2075361,50147.94%52.06%222.05183-0.18%
2080358,39348.20%51.80%220.14184-0.17%
2085354,94548.31%51.69%218.03184-0.19%
2090350,70648.29%51.71%215.42184-0.24%
2095345,33648.23%51.77%212.12184-0.31%
  1. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1961, 1967, 1984, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006 and 2013 censuses, with the 2016 official estimate, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. For the 2013 census, the Guadeloupe region and communes of Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy are jointly considered.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer