Solomon Islands Population 2020

682,701

The Solomon Islands is a sovereign country made up of several islands in Oceania to the east of Papua New Guinea, not to be confused to with Solomon Islands archipelago, a collection of Melanesian islands that includes the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Island. The 2020 estimated population of Solomon Islands is 686,884, which ranks 166th in the world.

The Solomon Islands has 28,400 square kilometers of land (142nd largest), with a population estimated at 686,884. This is up from 523,000 in 2009. The Solomon Islands has a very low population density of just 18 people per square kilometer, which is 189th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Honiara, with a population estimated at 67,000. There are no other cities with a population of more than 10,000.

Solomon Islands Demographics

Most people in the Solomon Islands are ethnically Melanesian (94.5%). Other large ethnic groups include Polynesian (3%) and Micronesian (1.2%), with a few thousand ethnic Chinese in the country. There are 70 living languages in the Solomon Islands with Melanesian languages spoken mostly on the central islands. While English is the official language, just 1-2% of the population speaks English.

Interestingly, 10% of people in the Solomon Islands have blond hair, but it is not the result of intermarriage with Europeans. This is a native trait.

92% of the population is Christian, with major denominations including the Anglican Church of Melanesia (35%), Roman Catholic (19%), South Seas Evangelical Church (17%), United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands (11%), and Seventh-day Adventist (10%). The rest of the population adheres to Islam, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), the Baha'i faith, and aboriginal beliefs.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 24 minutes
One death every 180 minutes
One net migrant every 360 minutes
Net gain of one person every 31 minutes

Solomon Islands Population in 2018Source: By S. A. Tabbasum [CC BY-SA 3.0-igo (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0-igo)], via Wikimedia Commons

Solomon Islands is a slowly growing country. In 1999, it hit a population of 400,000 for the first time, and reached 500,000 some time in 2008. Today, Solomon Islands is growing at a rate of 2.1% per year.

Official NameSolomon Islands
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-8.00, 159.00
Currencies UsedSDB
DemonymSolomon Islander
BordersNone
Name Population Location
Honiara56,298Map
Auki6,811Map
Gizo6,154Map
Buala2,700Map
Tulagi1,750Map
Kirakira1,122Map
Lata553Map

Solomon Islands Population Clock

The population of Solomon Islands (as of 4/2/2020)?682,701
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)686,884
Births Per Day59
Deaths Per Day8
Net Migrations Per Day-4
Net Change Per Day47
Population Change Since January 1st4,371

Solomon Islands Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 682,724

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020686,88450.85%49.15%23.771662.55%
2019669,82350.85%49.15%23.181662.60%
2018652,85750.85%49.15%22.591662.64%
2017636,03950.84%49.16%22.011662.68%
2016619,43850.84%49.16%21.441672.71%
2015603,11850.83%49.17%20.871672.70%
2010527,86150.81%49.19%18.271692.35%
2005469,91851.09%48.91%16.261692.63%
2000412,66051.40%48.60%14.281722.81%
1995359,28151.36%48.64%12.431742.87%
1990311,86651.38%48.62%10.791742.87%
1985270,78851.53%48.47%9.371743.27%
1980230,54651.70%48.31%7.981743.58%
1975193,40251.93%48.07%6.691753.83%
1970160,25052.55%47.45%5.551753.21%
1965136,81652.81%47.19%4.731753.03%
1960117,84953.65%46.35%4.081742.93%
1955102,00254.11%45.88%3.531752.58%
195089,79455.12%44.87%3.111750.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020686,88450.85%49.15%23.771660.00%
2025773,42050.84%49.16%26.771662.40%
2030864,60550.82%49.18%29.921642.25%
2035962,63050.79%49.21%33.311642.17%
20401,067,65350.76%49.24%36.951622.09%
20451,177,27750.74%49.26%40.741621.97%
20501,290,21650.73%49.27%44.651601.85%
20551,406,07950.72%49.28%48.661571.73%
20601,523,45850.73%49.27%52.721561.62%
20651,642,14950.74%49.26%56.831561.51%
20701,761,16750.75%49.25%60.951551.41%
20751,879,99750.75%49.25%65.061511.31%
20801,996,91650.75%49.25%69.111501.21%
20852,109,65750.74%49.26%73.011481.10%
20902,216,86750.73%49.27%76.721451.00%
20952,317,14350.72%49.28%80.191430.89%
  1. National Statistics Office
  2. National Statistics Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1976, 1986, 1999 and 2009 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer