Tajikistan, which currently has a population of 9.54 million, is projected to continue growing at a relatively quick rate for the rest of the 21st century. According to current projections, Tajikistan’s population will reach 16.2 million by 2050 and 25.33 million by the end of the century.
Tajikistan’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 is 2.32%. This added about 216,000 people to the population. Tajikistan’s fertility rate is relatively high at 3.61 births per woman. The high fertility rate helps the population grow, despite negative net migration each year, and keeps the population young. The median age is 22.4 years.
Tajikistan’s population boom threatens its economy and resources. The government has implemented laws in the past to encourage contraception and while this has helped bring down the fertility rate, the country still has a long way to go.
Tajikistan Population Growth
The first official census was taken in Tajikistan in 1822, claiming a population of 4.3 million. From this point until the 1930s, the population grew slowly at an annual rate of under 1%. During the 1930s and 40s, the population was decreasing around the same rate of -1% during the years of World War II. This decrease in population decreased significantly during the 60s and 70s due to emigration from the area because people were both struggling to find jobs and trying to avoid being drafted.
Tajikistan Population Projections
The slow growth rate of the Tajikistan is so close to zero and even slowing so that the population is projected to begin decreasing by 2022. The decrease in population will be about as slow as the growth has been and it is unlikely that the country will see any significant changes in their numbers in the near future. Current projections state that the population of the Tajikistan will be 10,633,424 in 202, 10,528,196 in 2030, 10,254,847 in 2040, and 10,054,302 in 2050.