There are some countries where women can't vote because it is illegal, and others where women can't vote due to societal pressures and norms. They are as follows:
Pakistan: Legal for women to vote, harassed and face violence at the polls Uganda: Legal for women to vote, harassed and face violence at the polls Kenya: Legal for women to vote, violence pressures women to avoid the polls Oman: Legal for women to vote since 2003, still rare, votes often dictated by the husband Egypt: Legal for women to vote since 1956, still pressured against it Qatar: Legal for women to vote, but they largely don't due to patriarchal pressure Nigeria: Legal for women to vote, but they feel their vote doesn't count, so they generally do not vote Papua New Guinea: Legal for women to vote, but they are discouraged as their issues are not well-represented Zanzibar: Legal for women to vote, but their husbands will divorce them if they do Saudi Arabia: Not legal for women to vote under any circumstance United Arab Emirates: Not legal for women to vote with very few exceptions to very few women that vote for national advisory council
When a country is assessed on whether women can vote, an indicator of that success is the number of women in public office, or that run for public office. Where few women are in public office, the rights for women to vote, and their experience at the polls, undergo higher scrutiny.
Pakistan does not legislate against women voting, but they do have laws on how men and women can interact. Their husbands can prevent them from voting, and violence at the polls is prevalent.
It is legal for women to vote in Uganda, however they are oppressed from voting in a number of ways. Violence is one, being told they have to stay home and do chores is another.
In Kenya, it is legal for women to vote, but even being outside is a pressure for them. They are not allowed to take long walks, which would be necessary to get to the polls. Pregnant women are prohibited from leaving the house at all. High rates of disease also keeps women at home.
The right to vote for women in Oman is new. Since the right came into effect in 2003, women have taken 2 of the 83 seats on Oman Consultative Council. When women vote, they are expected to vote as their husbands do or fear divorce. Divorce in Oman would be a death sentence socially and economically for many women.
Women are allowed to vote in Qatar, but they often don't. Social restrictions are harsher than the laws here. There is one woman elected of 29 seats, with elections frequently suspended under Sharia Law, an oppression to women.
This is considered by many among the worst of countries where women can't vote as it is among the most oppressive for women's rights in the world. Women can vote, but must remove their veil to vote which many are too afraid to do.
Women can vote, but many women feel their vote doesn't count, so they don't do it. Approximately 8 percent of the National Assembly is female.
Papua New Guinea
Women can vote, but they are often too afraid to. Approximately 7 women have held office since 1975.
Zanzibar women can vote, but will be divorced if they vote when their husband tells them not to. Violence at the polls is also a concern.
Women are strictly forbidden to vote or hold public office. Baseless arrests are common in Saudi Arabia, with torture a common police tactic. Elections are rare with King Abdullah having the power to over-rule anything.
United Arab Emirates
Neither men nor women can vote here, with few exceptions for those granted power to vote for one council in 2011. Twelve percent of the population was permitted to vote then with criteria for selection of voters undisclosed. President Sheikh Khalifa Al Nahyan is the second president of the UAE and has been in office since 2004.