Spain is home to many native dances, but the most famous is the Flamenco. This dance uses Flamenco music which possibly originated from the Andalusian Roma culture. Over time, the dance has evolved, moving through cultures in Northern India and Spain. This dance includes toe and heel tapping, with the woman performing very graceful and fluid hand and body movements. Sometimes, the dance also includes shouting, clapping, or finger clicking in time with the music.
A relatively new dance, the Viennese Waltz originated probably around the 18th century in Austria. Although exposing the ankles during this period was taboo, the dance survived because it was promoted by famous composers like Johann Strauss and Josef Lanner. The Waltz consists of music that has 180 beats per minute and is considered one of the oldest ballroom dance styles. Compared to the English Waltz, the Viennese Waltz is twice as fast.
One of the most famous dances, the Tango, originated in Argentina. This dance is believed to have originated on the streets of La Boca, a suburb within Buenos Aires. The dance is considered a ballroom-style dance and is usually performed between a man and a woman. The two dance in synchronized form and can perform to either fast or slow-paced music. The Tango is a traditionally romantic and seductive dance.
The classic belly dance called Raqs sharqi originated in Egypt in the Middle East. The Dom people are thought to have brought this dance to Egypt when they left Northern India in the 6th century. Traditionally, female dancers who perform the Raqs sharqi are called Ghawazi. Today, Western dance elements like Latin, ballet and ballroom dance have blended with the traditional belly dance style.
The national dance of Ukraine is the Hopak dance, which is sometimes called Cossack dancing. This dance originated in the 17th century and was used to celebrate military battles. Usually, the Hopak is performed to music played by bagpipes, fifes, violins, and cimbaloms. The dance is incredibly acrobatic and features several kicks and squats. Traditionally, this dance is performed by men, and as its popularity grew, female dancers eventually joined the men.
Increasingly popular, the Haka is a traditional dance of New Zealand that the Maori people have performed for centuries. The dance was used on the battlefield so soldiers and fighters could intimidate their opponents. The dancers keep time by chanting loudly, stomping their feet, and conducting unified hand movements. The trademark of this dance is the terrifying facial expressions geared at scaring the opponents. Today, this dance is used for ceremonies like birthdays, weddings, and life-changing events. Sometimes the Haka is used as a welcoming ceremony for distinguished guests.
Originally performed by the Celts, the Irish step dance is a popular dance that has evolved since its inception in the 12th century. Although there was plenty of local variation in the dance, the Gaelic League was formed in 1893 to standardize the movements. Today, Irish dancing has a set of standard rules from organized dance companies who perform intense Irish step dancing completions worldwide.
|Armenia||Armenian dance, Shalakho, Kochari|
|Australia||Corroboree, Bush dance|
|Azerbaijan||Jangi, Khanchobany, Tello|
|Bahamas||Quadrille, Rake-and-scrape, Heel and Toe Polka, and Scullin|
|Bangladesh||Baul, Bizhu dance, Marma dance, Peacock dance|
|Bolivia||Huayno, Caporales, Diablada|
|Brazil||Samba, Capoeira, Carimbo, Lambada, Jongo, Forro|
|Cambodia||Romvong, Apsara Dance, Peacock Dance, Chhayam|
|Canada||Red River Jig, Rabbit Dance, Broom Dance, Sash Dance|
|Cape Verde||Coladeira, Batuque|
|Chile||Cueca; Rapa Nui: Sau-sau|
|China||Yangge, Lion dance, Dragon dance|
|Colombia||Vallenato and Cumbia|
|Costa Rica||Punto guanacasteco|
|Cyprus||Sousta, Tatsia, Turkish Cypriot folk dances|
|Dominican Republic||Merengue and Bachata|
|Egypt||Raqs sharqi and Raqs baladi|
|Finland||Finnish tango, Jenkka|
|France||Gavotte, Branle, Farandole, Tambourin, Can-Can|
|Greece||Sirtaki. Ikariotikos, Kalamatianos, Hasapiko|
|Guatemala||Baile de la Conquista|
|India||Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathak, Odissi, Sattriya, Manipuri, Mohiniyattam|
|Indonesia||Legong, Pendet, Barong Ket, Ronggeng|
|Iran||Persian dance, Kurdish dance, Azerbaijani dances|
|Iraq||Kurdish dance, Chobi, Khigga|
|Israel||Israeli folk dancing|
|Italy||Tarantella, Furlana, Liscio, Monferrina|
|Morocco||Gnawa and Reggada|
|Nicaragua||Palo de mayo|
|North Korea||Buchaechum, Ganggangsullae|
|North Macedonia||Osogovka, Teshkoto, Kopacka, Belomorski biser, Tresenica|
|Pakistan||Jhumar, Khattak, Bhangra|
|Papua New Guinea||Sing-sing|
|Paraguay||Paraguayan bottle dance, Paraguayan polka|
|Philippines||Cariñosa and Tinikling|
|Poland||Krakowiak, Kujawiak, Mazur, Oberek, Polonaise|
|Puerto Rico||Danza, Bomba and Plena|
|Romania||Căluş, Hora, Ciuleandra (dance)|
|Russia||Barynya, Kamarinskaya, Kozachok, Tropak, Khorovod|
|Saudi Arabia||Ardah, Khaleegy, Mizmar|
|Slovakia||Čardáš, Karička, Odzemok|
|South Africa||Gumboot dancing and Indlamu; Volkspele among Afrikaners|
|South Korea||Buchaechum, Ganggangsullae|
|Spain||Sardana, Flamenco, Jota, Malagueñas, Pasodoble|
|Sri Lanka||Kandyan dance, Lowcountry dance, Sabaragamu dance|
|Turkey||Zeybek, Halay, Horon|
|Ukraine||Hopak, Arkan, Tropak, Metelytsia, Kozachok and other|
|United Arab Emirates||Yowlah, Khaleegy and Ardah|
|United Kingdom||English Country Dance, Scottish highland dance, Welsh clogging, Irish stepdance|
|United States||Hoop dance, Grass dance, jingle dance, Fancy dance and Native American tribal dance styles|
|Uruguay||Tango, Pericón, Candombe|
Spain is famous for the Flamenco, Austria for the Viennese Waltz, Argentina for the Tango, Egypt for belly dancing (Raqs sharqi), Ukraine for the Hopak dance, New Zealand for the Haka, and Ireland for step dancing.