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Democracy-Dictatorship Index by Country 2024

Though it began as a biannual report in 2006, the Democracy Index from The Economic Intelligence Unit, part of the Economist Group, now appears annually. It reports on the state of democracy in 165 countries. The index uses 60 parameters to create a score for each nation that correlates to that country's level of democracy.

Country
Overall DI Score
Norway9.81
New Zealand9.61
Iceland9.52
Sweden9.39
Finland9.29
Denmark9.28
Switzerland9.14
Ireland9.13
Netherlands9.00
Taiwan8.99

What the Democracy-Dictatorship Index Means

Scores for each country examined have a possible range from 0.00 to 10.00. The higher the score, the more likely that country has elements of a democratic government instead of an authoritarian one.

Countries fall into one of four categories based on their scores. These groups include full democracies for countries with scores of 8.01 or higher, flawed democracies for nations with scores between 6.01 and 8.00, hybrid regimes with scores between 4.01 and 6.00, and authoritarian regimes with any score below 4.00.

What Does the EIU Use to Calculate the Democracy Index?

To calculate each nation's Democracy Index, the EIU uses 60 separate pieces of information, which fall into five main categories. These categories are political culture, political participation, the electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, and the functioning of government.

Each metric within a category has a value between 0.00 and 10.00. These values average together to find the category score. The total Democracy Index score comes from averaging the five subscores from each of the categories.

Final Democracy Index scores reflect the level of democracy citizens have within that nation. Higher scores correlate to more democratic government operations in which citizens have more say in how the government operates.

Countries with the Highest Democracy-Dictatorship Indices

Full democracy countries have the highest scores globally. The most recent data from 2022 shows 24 countries operated with full democracies, indicated by scores greater than 8.00 on the Democracy Index. Norway topped the list with a total score of 9.81. Its high ranking comes from its perfect scores in three of the five categories – electoral process and pluralism, political culture, and political participation. This nation also placed first in 2021.

Nations at the Bottom of the Democracy-Dictatorship Index

Globally, 36.9% of the population lives in a government that falls into the bottom tier of the Democracy Index, an authoritarian regime. This group includes 59 countries. Among these countries, Afghanistan had the lowest score, 0.32, and Myanmar came in second-to-last with a score of 0.74. These two nations finished in the same places in 2021, as well, indicating no major changes in their governments since 2021.

Note:
- The Democracy Index, which began in 2006, provides a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide
in 165 independent states and two territories. This covers almost the entire population of the world
and the vast majority of the world's states (microstates are excluded). The Democracy Index is based
on five categories: electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation,
political culture, and civil liberties. Based on its scores on a range of indicators within these categories,
each country is then classified as one of four types of regime: 'full democracy', 'flawed democracy',
'hybrid regime' or 'authoritarian regime'.

Download Table Data

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Country
Overall DI Score
Civil Liberties
Electoral Process and Pluralism
Functioning of Government
Political Culture
Political Participation
Change in Rank
Democracy Type
Norway9.819.4110.009.6410.0010.000Full Democracy
New Zealand9.6110.0010.009.298.7510.000Full Democracy
Iceland9.529.7110.009.649.388.892Full Democracy
Sweden9.399.419.589.6410.008.330Full Democracy
Finland9.299.7110.009.648.758.33-2Full Democracy
Denmark9.289.4110.009.299.388.330Full Democracy
Switzerland9.149.129.589.299.388.332Full Democracy
Ireland9.139.1210.008.2110.008.33-1Full Democracy
Netherlands9.009.419.588.938.758.332Full Democracy
Taiwan8.999.4110.009.648.137.78-2Full Democracy
Uruguay8.919.7110.008.938.137.782Full Democracy
Canada8.888.8210.008.578.138.890Full Democracy
Luxembourg8.819.7110.008.938.756.671Full Democracy
Germany8.809.419.588.578.138.331Full Democracy
Australia8.719.7110.008.577.507.78-6Full Democracy
Japan8.339.129.178.578.136.671Full Democracy
Costa Rica8.299.719.587.506.887.783Full Democracy
United Kingdom8.289.129.587.506.888.330Full Democracy
Chile8.229.129.588.217.506.676Full Democracy
Austria8.208.539.587.146.888.890Full Democracy
Mauritius8.148.829.177.868.756.11-2Full Democracy
France8.078.249.587.866.887.780Full Democracy
Spain8.078.539.587.507.507.222Full Democracy
South Korea8.038.539.588.576.257.22-8Full Democracy
Czech Republic7.979.129.586.437.507.224Flawed Democracy
Greece7.978.5310.007.147.506.679Flawed Democracy
Estonia7.968.829.587.866.886.670Flawed Democracy
Portugal7.959.129.587.506.886.670Flawed Democracy
Israel7.935.889.587.866.889.44-6Flawed Democracy
United States7.858.539.176.436.258.89-4Flawed Democracy
Slovenia7.758.539.587.146.257.224Flawed Democracy
Botswana7.738.539.176.797.506.67-2Flawed Democracy
Malta7.708.539.177.148.135.560Flawed Democracy
Italy7.697.359.586.797.507.22-3Flawed Democracy
Cape Verde7.658.539.177.006.886.67-3Flawed Democracy
Belgium7.648.539.588.216.885.000Flawed Democracy
Cyprus7.388.829.175.366.886.670Flawed Democracy
Latvia7.378.829.586.076.256.110Flawed Democracy
Lithuania7.318.829.586.435.636.111Flawed Democracy
Malaysia7.305.599.587.866.257.22-1Flawed Democracy
Trinidad and Tobago7.167.359.587.145.636.110Flawed Democracy
Jamaica7.138.538.757.146.255.000Flawed Democracy
Slovakia7.078.539.586.075.635.562Flawed Democracy
Timor Leste7.067.359.585.936.885.56-1Flawed Democracy
South Africa7.057.357.427.145.008.33-1Flawed Democracy
India7.046.188.677.505.637.220Flawed Democracy
Poland7.047.069.176.076.256.675Flawed Democracy
Suriname6.957.659.586.435.006.111Flawed Democracy
Panama6.917.949.586.073.757.22-1Flawed Democracy
Argentina6.857.949.175.004.387.780Flawed Democracy
Brazil6.787.659.585.005.006.67-4Flawed Democracy
Philippines6.737.359.175.004.387.783Flawed Democracy
Colombia6.727.949.176.073.756.676Flawed Democracy
Indonesia6.716.187.927.864.387.22-2Flawed Democracy
Thailand6.675.887.426.075.638.3317Flawed Democracy
Hungary6.646.768.336.796.884.440Flawed Democracy
Bulgaria6.537.659.175.364.386.11-4Flawed Democracy
Namibia6.527.947.005.365.636.67-3Flawed Democracy
Croatia6.506.769.176.074.386.11-3Flawed Democracy
Sri Lanka6.476.187.005.716.257.227Flawed Democracy
Romania6.457.359.176.433.755.560Flawed Democracy
Montenegro6.457.067.426.793.757.2213Flawed Democracy
Ghana6.435.888.335.006.256.67-7Flawed Democracy
Albania6.417.357.006.436.255.004Flawed Democracy
Dominican Republic6.397.069.175.363.137.22-5Flawed Democracy
Mongolia6.355.888.755.365.636.11-4Flawed Democracy
Guyana6.347.066.926.075.006.67-2Flawed Democracy
Serbia6.337.357.836.073.756.67-5Flawed Democracy
Moldova6.236.767.425.364.387.220Flawed Democracy
Singapore6.226.474.837.867.504.44-4Flawed Democracy
Lesotho6.196.479.174.145.635.56-7Flawed Democracy
North Macedonia6.107.357.836.073.136.111Flawed Democracy
Bangladesh5.995.297.426.075.635.562Hybrid Regime
Papua New Guinea5.977.356.926.075.633.89-5Hybrid Regime
Peru5.926.478.755.713.135.56-4Hybrid Regime
Malawi5.916.477.004.296.255.562Hybrid Regime
Paraguay5.897.358.755.361.886.110Hybrid Regime
Zambia5.805.597.923.646.885.001Hybrid Regime
Senegal5.725.596.585.716.254.449Hybrid Regime
Madagascar5.704.717.923.575.636.673Hybrid Regime
Ecuador5.696.188.755.001.886.670Hybrid Regime
Armenia5.635.297.925.713.136.117Hybrid Regime
Fiji5.555.006.585.005.635.561Hybrid Regime
Bhutan5.544.718.755.935.003.33-3Hybrid Regime
Tunisia5.515.006.174.645.636.11-10Hybrid Regime
Liberia5.435.297.422.715.636.114Hybrid Regime
Ukraine5.424.416.502.716.257.22-1Hybrid Regime
Hong Kong5.287.942.753.296.885.56-3Hybrid Regime
Mexico5.255.596.924.641.887.22-3Hybrid Regime
Georgia5.205.597.003.573.756.111Hybrid Regime
Honduras5.155.598.753.932.505.001Hybrid Regime
Tanzania5.104.414.835.006.255.001Hybrid Regime
El Salvador5.064.718.333.573.135.56-14Hybrid Regime
Kenya5.054.123.505.365.636.670Hybrid Regime
Morocco5.044.125.254.645.635.560Hybrid Regime
Sierra Leone5.035.006.582.866.254.441Hybrid Regime
Bosnia and Herzegovina5.005.887.004.003.135.00-2Hybrid Regime
Guatemala4.686.186.923.932.503.891Hybrid Regime
Uganda4.555.003.423.576.883.891Hybrid Regime
Bolivia4.515.594.754.291.256.67-2Hybrid Regime
Nepal4.495.294.835.362.504.440Hybrid Regime
Gambia4.474.124.424.295.633.89-1Hybrid Regime
Turkey4.352.063.505.005.635.560Hybrid Regime
Benin4.284.411.675.716.253.332Hybrid Regime
Nigeria4.234.415.173.933.753.892Hybrid Regime
Ivory Coast4.223.824.332.865.634.44-1Hybrid Regime
Pakistan4.134.715.675.002.502.78-3Hybrid Regime
Mauritania4.034.413.503.573.135.560Hybrid Regime
Angola3.962.654.503.215.004.4413Authoritarian
Palestine3.863.532.920.144.388.33-1Authoritarian
Kuwait3.833.243.173.934.384.44-1Authoritarian
Niger3.734.712.921.505.633.8913Hybrid Regime
Algeria3.663.823.082.505.003.890Authoritarian
Qatar3.653.531.504.295.633.330Authoritarian
Lebanon3.644.123.500.793.136.67-4Authoritarian
Kyrgyzstan3.624.714.331.503.134.44-1Authoritarian
Mozambique3.513.532.581.435.005.00-1Authoritarian
Gabon3.403.532.171.865.004.443Authoritarian
Mali3.233.821.175.635.560Authoritarian
Comoros3.203.532.082.213.754.446Authoritarian
Cambodia3.182.063.215.635.0013Authoritarian
Ethiopia3.171.470.422.865.006.111Authoritarian
Jordan3.172.942.673.213.133.89-4Authoritarian
Iraq3.131.185.253.136.11-8Authoritarian
Oman3.123.820.083.935.002.785Authoritarian
Rwanda3.102.651.424.294.382.781Authoritarian
Burkina Faso3.083.532.504.385.00-16Authoritarian
Kazakhstan3.082.940.503.213.755.001Authoritarian
Eswatini3.013.240.922.505.632.78-1Authoritarian
Togo2.992.940.922.145.633.336Authoritarian
Egypt2.931.761.333.215.003.336Authoritarian
Zimbabwe2.923.242.505.003.891Authoritarian
United Arab Emirates2.902.354.295.632.221Authoritarian
Azerbaijan2.872.650.502.865.003.337Authoritarian
Haiti2.815.006.252.78-16Authoritarian
Djibouti2.742.351.295.634.442Authoritarian
Vietnam2.732.653.933.753.33-7Authoritarian
Cuba2.652.943.213.753.333Authoritarian
Cameroon2.562.060.332.144.383.893Authoritarian
Guinea Bissau2.562.354.003.133.33-2Authoritarian
Bahrain2.521.760.422.714.383.332Authoritarian
Nicaragua2.502.652.144.383.33-3Authoritarian
Sudan2.471.471.435.004.441Authoritarian
Guinea2.322.650.830.434.383.332Authoritarian
Russia2.282.350.922.143.752.22-22Authoritarian
Venezuela2.232.651.071.885.564Authoritarian
Burundi2.131.765.003.891Authoritarian
Uzbekistan2.120.880.081.865.002.781Authoritarian
Saudi Arabia2.081.473.573.132.222Authoritarian
Libya2.062.653.753.893Authoritarian
Eritrea2.030.592.146.880.561Authoritarian
Belarus1.991.470.794.383.33-7Authoritarian
Iran1.961.472.502.503.330Authoritarian
Yemen1.950.885.003.89-1Authoritarian
China1.940.593.213.132.78-8Authoritarian
Tajikistan1.940.882.214.382.221Authoritarian
Equatorial Guinea1.921.470.434.383.330Authoritarian
Laos1.770.592.863.751.670Authoritarian
Chad1.672.353.752.220Authoritarian
DR Congo1.480.881.173.132.222Authoritarian
Syria1.434.382.78-1Authoritarian
Central African Republic1.352.350.831.881.67-2Authoritarian
North Korea1.082.501.251.670Authoritarian
Myanmar0.743.130.560Authoritarian
Afghanistan0.320.290.071.250Authoritarian
showing: 165 rows

What is the index of democracy and dictatorship?

The Democracy-Dictatorship Index, the DD, is a binary measurement that ranks a country's position on the democracy-dictatorship spectrum.

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