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Democracy Index 2023

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Democracy Index by Country 2024

The Economist Intelligence Unit compiles and publishes an annual report referred to as the Democracy Index, which measures the state of democracy across the world.

The index uses certain indicators to decipher the democracy score for each country, including electoral process and pluralism, whether they have a functioning government, political participation of its citizens, political culture and environment, and civil liberties.

An index score of 8.01 to 10 (out of 10) indicates a full democracy, while countries that fall between 6.01 and 8.01 are considered flawed democracies. Countries that score lower on the index than 6.01 are not considered democracies.

The United States has a democracy index score of 7.92, which qualifies it as a flawed democracy. While the US scored high on electoral process/Pluralism (9 out of 10), the country scored low on functioning government (6.79) and political culture (6).

Norway has the highest democracy score in the world, with a 9.81, with a perfect 10 in electoral process, participation, and political culture.

Second on the list is Iceland, at 9.37 out of 10, which makes it a full democracy.

Sweden comes in third on the democracy index with a score of 9.26, with a score of 10 regarding political culture.

New Zealand scores slightly lower at 9.25 due to lower political participation and culture scores.

A little below that is Canada, with a democracy score of 9.24 out of 10. The slightly lower score is due to the way the government functions.

As a full democracy, Finland ranks sixth on the index with a score of 9.2.

Denmark's lack of political participation lowers the democracy index score to 9.15.

Ireland has an index score of 9.05 because of a 7.86 out of 10 regarding a functioning government.

Rounding out the top ten are Australia and the Netherlands, with both scoring lower in terms of political participation and culture.

  • The Democracy Index was first published in 2006. Higher scores indicate a greater degree of democracy.

Download Table Data

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Country
Democracy Index 2023
Democracy Index 2022
Democracy Index 2006
Absolute Change 2006-2023
Relative Change '06-'23
Norway9.819.819.550.263
New Zealand9.619.619.010.67
Iceland9.459.529.71-0.26-3
Sweden9.399.399.88-0.49-5
Finland9.39.299.250.051
Denmark9.289.289.52-0.24-3
Ireland9.199.139.010.182
Switzerland9.149.149.020.121
Netherlands999.66-0.66-7
Taiwan8.928.997.821.114
Luxembourg8.818.819.1-0.29-3
Germany8.88.88.82-0.02
Canada8.698.889.07-0.38-4
Australia8.668.719.09-0.43-5
Uruguay8.668.917.960.79
Japan8.48.338.150.253
Costa Rica8.298.298.040.253
United Kingdom8.288.288.080.22
Austria8.288.28.69-0.41-5
Greece8.147.978.130.01
Mauritius8.148.148.040.11
South Korea8.098.037.880.213
France8.078.078.07
Spain8.078.078.34-0.27-3
Chile7.988.227.890.091
Czech Republic7.977.978.17-0.2-2
Estonia7.967.967.740.223
Malta7.937.78.39-0.46-5
United States7.857.858.22-0.37-5
Israel7.87.937.280.527
Portugal7.757.958.16-0.41-5
Slovenia7.757.757.96-0.21-3
Botswana7.737.737.60.132
Italy7.697.697.73-0.04-1
Cape Verde7.657.657.430.223
Belgium7.647.648.15-0.51-6
Latvia7.387.377.370.01
Cyprus7.387.387.6-0.22-3
Lithuania7.317.317.43-0.12-2
Malaysia7.297.35.981.3122
India7.187.047.68-0.5-7
Poland7.187.047.3-0.12-2
Trinidad and Tobago7.167.167.18-0.02
Slovakia7.077.077.4-0.33-4
Jamaica7.067.137.34-0.28-4
Timor Leste7.067.066.410.6510
South Africa7.057.057.91-0.86-11
Panama6.916.917.35-0.44-6
Suriname6.886.956.520.366
Hungary6.726.647.53-0.81-11
Brazil6.686.787.38-0.7-9
Montenegro6.676.456.570.12
Philippines6.666.736.480.183
Argentina6.626.856.63-0.01
Colombia6.556.726.40.152
Indonesia6.536.716.410.122
Namibia6.526.526.54-0.02
Croatia6.56.57.04-0.54-8
Mongolia6.486.356.6-0.12-2
Romania6.456.457.06-0.61-9
Dominican Republic6.446.396.130.315
Bulgaria6.416.537.1-0.69-10
Thailand6.356.675.670.6812
Serbia6.336.336.62-0.29-4
Ghana6.36.435.350.9518
Albania6.286.415.910.376
Guyana6.266.346.150.112
Moldova6.236.236.5-0.27-4
Singapore6.186.225.890.295
Sri Lanka6.176.476.58-0.41-6
Lesotho6.066.196.48-0.42-6
Papua New Guinea6.035.976.54-0.51-8
North Macedonia6.036.16.33-0.3-5
Paraguay65.896.16-0.16-3
Bangladesh5.875.996.11-0.24-4
Malawi5.855.914.970.8818
Peru5.815.926.11-0.3-5
Zambia5.85.85.250.5510
Liberia5.575.435.220.357
Fiji5.555.555.66-0.11-2
Bhutan5.545.542.622.92111
Tunisia5.515.513.062.4580
Senegal5.485.725.370.112
Armenia5.425.634.151.2731
Ecuador5.415.695.64-0.23-4
Tanzania5.355.15.180.173
Madagascar5.265.75.82-0.56-10
Hong Kong5.245.286.03-0.79-13
Georgia5.25.24.90.36
Mexico5.145.256.67-1.53-23
Ukraine5.065.426.94-1.88-27
Kenya5.055.055.08-0.03-1
Morocco5.045.043.91.1429
Bosnia and Herzegovina555.78-0.78-13
Honduras4.985.156.25-1.27-20
El Salvador4.715.066.22-1.51-24
Benin4.684.286.16-1.48-24
Nepal4.64.493.421.1835
Uganda4.494.555.14-0.65-13
Guatemala4.474.686.07-1.6-26
Gambia4.474.474.390.082
Turkey4.334.355.7-1.37-24
Sierra Leone4.325.033.570.7521
Nigeria4.234.233.520.7120
Niger4.233.733.540.6919
Ivory Coast4.224.223.380.8425
Bolivia4.24.515.98-1.78-30
Angola4.183.962.411.7773
Mauritania4.144.033.121.0233
Kyrgyzstan3.73.624.08-0.38-9
Algeria3.663.663.170.4915
Qatar3.653.652.780.8731
Lebanon3.563.645.82-2.26-39
Mozambique3.513.515.28-1.77-34
Kuwait3.53.833.090.4113
Palestine3.473.866.01-2.54-42
Ethiopia3.373.174.72-1.35-29
Rwanda3.33.13.82-0.52-14
Pakistan3.254.133.92-0.67-17
Oman3.123.122.770.3513
Kazakhstan3.083.083.62-0.54-15
Cambodia3.053.184.77-1.72-36
Zimbabwe3.042.922.620.4216
Jordan3.043.173.92-0.88-22
Comoros3.043.23.9-0.86-22
United Arab Emirates3.012.92.420.5924
Togo2.992.991.751.2471
Egypt2.932.933.9-0.97-25
Iraq2.883.134.01-1.13-28
Haiti2.812.814.19-1.38-33
Azerbaijan2.82.873.31-0.51-15
Republic of the Congo2.792.793.19-0.4-13
Eswatini2.783.012.93-0.15-5
Burkina Faso2.733.083.72-0.99-27
Djibouti2.72.742.370.3314
Cuba2.652.653.52-0.87-25
Vietnam2.622.732.75-0.13-5
Mali2.583.235.99-3.41-57
Cameroon2.562.563.27-0.71-22
Bahrain2.522.523.53-1.01-29
Guinea Bissau2.452.5620.4523
Venezuela2.312.235.42-3.11-57
Nicaragua2.262.55.68-3.42-60
Russia2.222.285.02-2.8-56
Guinea2.212.322.020.199
Gabon2.183.42.72-0.54-20
Burundi2.132.134.51-2.38-53
China2.121.942.97-0.85-29
Uzbekistan2.122.121.850.2715
Saudi Arabia2.082.081.920.168
Belarus1.991.993.34-1.35-40
Eritrea1.972.032.31-0.34-15
Iran1.961.962.93-0.97-33
Yemen1.951.952.98-1.03-35
Tajikistan1.941.942.45-0.51-21
Equatorial Guinea1.921.922.09-0.17-8
Libya1.782.061.84-0.06-3
Sudan1.762.472.9-1.14-39
Laos1.711.772.1-0.39-19
DR Congo1.681.482.76-1.08-39
Chad1.671.671.650.021
Turkmenistan1.661.661.83-0.17-9
Syria1.431.432.36-0.93-39
Central African Republic1.181.351.61-0.43-27
North Korea1.081.081.030.055
Myanmar0.850.741.77-0.92-52
Afghanistan0.260.323.06-2.8-92
showing: 167 rows

Which country has the highest democracy index?

The Democracy Index uses 60 indicators to rank the quality of a nation's democracy. Denmark has the highest democracy index worldwide, at .958.

Frequently Asked Questions

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