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Democracy Ranking by Country 2024

Countries around the world can vary dramatically when it comes to the political freedoms afforded to citizens. From ultra-restrictive authoritarian regimes to strong, diverse democracies, there's no shortage of governing situations out there. To provide a basis for comparison, The Economist's Intelligence Unit created the Democracy Rankings, which combines factors like the functioning of government, civil liberties, electoral processes and pluralism, and political culture and participation.

Norway received the highest score overall with a 9.81, including perfect ten rankings in electoral processes, political culture, and political participation. New Zealand isn't far behind with a 9.61, boasting perfect rankings of its own on civil liberties, electoral processes, and political participation. In third place, Iceland scores a 9.52, followed by Sweden at 9.39 and Finland at 9.29, rounding out the top five democracies. Two dozen countries around the world, including Canada (8.88), Germany (8.8), Australia (8.71), and the United Kingdom (8.28.)

More than four dozen countries are ranked as flawed democracies. These include the United States, with a score of 7.85, which suffers from low scores in the functioning of government and political culture. Other flawed democracies include Israel (7.93), Italy (7.69), Belgium (7.64), Brazil (6.78), and Singapore (6.22.) By absolute numbers, many consider India to be the world's largest democracy, based on its ranking as a "flawed democracy" and population of nearly 1.5 billion.

Nearly three dozen more are characterized with the next step down as hybrid regimes. Hybrid regimes range from Bangladesh, with a 5.99 score, to Mauritania, with a 4.03. Fifty-seven countries receive the lowest ranking, authoritarian nations. Afghanistan has the lowest democracy ranking at just 0.32, followed by Myanmar (0.74), North Korea (1.08), and the Central African Republic (1.35.)

Naturally, democracy rankings may change as the political situation evolves. Thailand (a flawed democracy with a 6.67 score) took the largest jump in the most recent rankings, rising 17 spots. Angola, Niger, and Cambodia also jumped 13 spots, though they're all still ranked as authoritarian. Russia (authoritarian, 2.28) fell the most, dropping 22 places. Burkina Faso and Haiti both fell 16 spots, remaining ranked as authoritarian. Hybrid regimes El Salvador (5.06) and Tunisia (5.51) also fell notably, 14 and 10 spots, respectively.

Notes:
- Democracy Ranking is an aggregate score that tracks multiple metrics in five subcategories: electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation, political culture, and civil liberties.

Download Table Data

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Country
Overall Score
Regime Type
Change in Rank
Functioning of Government
Civil Liberties
Electoral Process and Pluralism
Political Culture
Political Participation
Norway9.81Full democracy09.649.4110.0010.0010.00
New Zealand9.61Full democracy09.2910.0010.008.7510.00
Iceland9.52Full democracy29.649.7110.009.388.89
Sweden9.39Full democracy09.649.419.5810.008.33
Finland9.29Full democracy-29.649.7110.008.758.33
Denmark9.28Full democracy09.299.4110.009.388.33
Switzerland9.14Full democracy29.299.129.589.388.33
Ireland9.13Full democracy-18.219.1210.0010.008.33
Netherlands9.00Full democracy28.939.419.588.758.33
Taiwan8.99Full democracy-29.649.4110.008.137.78
Uruguay8.91Full democracy28.939.7110.008.137.78
Canada8.88Full democracy08.578.8210.008.138.89
Luxembourg8.81Full democracy18.939.7110.008.756.67
Germany8.80Full democracy18.579.419.588.138.33
Australia8.71Full democracy-68.579.7110.007.507.78
Japan8.33Full democracy18.579.129.178.136.67
Costa Rica8.29Full democracy37.509.719.586.887.78
United Kingdom8.28Full democracy07.509.129.586.888.33
Chile8.22Full democracy68.219.129.587.506.67
Austria8.20Full democracy07.148.539.586.888.89
Mauritius8.14Full democracy-27.868.829.178.756.11
France8.07Full democracy07.868.249.586.887.78
Spain8.07Full democracy27.508.539.587.507.22
South Korea8.03Full democracy-88.578.539.586.257.22
Czech Republic7.97Flawed democracy46.439.129.587.507.22
Greece7.97Flawed democracy97.148.5310.007.506.67
Estonia7.96Flawed democracy07.868.829.586.886.67
Portugal7.95Flawed democracy07.509.129.586.886.67
Israel7.93Flawed democracy-67.865.889.586.889.44
United States7.85Flawed democracy-46.438.539.176.258.89
Slovenia7.75Flawed democracy47.148.539.586.257.22
Botswana7.73Flawed democracy-26.798.539.177.506.67
Malta7.70Flawed democracy07.148.539.178.135.56
Italy7.69Flawed democracy-36.797.359.587.507.22
Cape Verde7.65Flawed democracy-37.008.539.176.886.67
Belgium7.64Flawed democracy08.218.539.586.885.00
Cyprus7.38Flawed democracy05.368.829.176.886.67
Latvia7.37Flawed democracy06.078.829.586.256.11
Lithuania7.31Flawed democracy16.438.829.585.636.11
Malaysia7.30Flawed democracy-17.865.599.586.257.22
Trinidad and Tobago7.16Flawed democracy07.147.359.585.636.11
Jamaica7.13Flawed democracy07.148.538.756.255.00
Slovakia7.07Flawed democracy26.078.539.585.635.56
Timor Leste7.06Flawed democracy-15.937.359.586.885.56
South Africa7.05Flawed democracy-17.147.357.425.008.33
India7.04Flawed democracy07.506.188.675.637.22
Poland7.04Flawed democracy56.077.069.176.256.67
Suriname6.95Flawed democracy16.437.659.585.006.11
Panama6.91Flawed democracy-16.077.949.583.757.22
Argentina6.85Flawed democracy05.007.949.174.387.78
Brazil6.78Flawed democracy-45.007.659.585.006.67
Philippines6.73Flawed democracy25.007.359.174.387.78
Colombia6.72Flawed democracy66.077.949.173.756.67
Indonesia6.71Flawed democracy-27.866.187.924.387.22
Thailand6.67Flawed democracy176.075.887.425.638.33
Hungary6.64Flawed democracy06.796.768.336.884.44
Bulgaria6.53Flawed democracy-45.367.659.174.386.11
Namibia6.52Flawed democracy-35.367.947.005.636.67
Croatia6.50Flawed democracy-36.076.769.174.386.11
Sri Lanka6.47Flawed democracy75.716.187.006.257.22
Romania6.45Flawed democracy06.437.359.173.755.56
Montenegro6.45Flawed democracy136.797.067.423.757.22
Ghana6.43Flawed democracy-75.005.888.336.256.67
Albania6.41Flawed democracy46.437.357.006.255.00
Dominican Republic6.39Flawed democracy-55.367.069.173.137.22
Mongolia6.35Flawed democracy-45.365.888.755.636.11
Guyana6.34Flawed democracy-26.077.066.925.006.67
Serbia6.33Flawed democracy-56.077.357.833.756.67
Moldova6.23Flawed democracy05.366.767.424.387.22
Singapore6.22Flawed democracy-47.866.474.837.504.44
Lesotho6.19Flawed democracy-74.146.479.175.635.56
North Macedonia6.10Flawed democracy16.077.357.833.136.11
Bangladesh5.99Hybrid regime26.075.297.425.635.56
Papua New Guinea5.97Hybrid regime-56.077.356.925.633.89
Peru5.92Hybrid regime-45.716.478.753.135.56
Malawi5.91Hybrid regime24.296.477.006.255.56
Paraguay5.89Hybrid regime05.367.358.751.886.11
Zambia5.80Hybrid regime13.645.597.926.885.00
Senegal5.72Hybrid regime95.715.596.586.254.44
Madagascar5.70Hybrid regime33.574.717.925.636.67
Ecuador5.69Hybrid regime05.006.188.751.886.67
Armenia5.63Hybrid regime75.715.297.923.136.11
Fiji5.55Hybrid regime15.005.006.585.635.56
Bhutan5.54Hybrid regime-35.934.718.755.003.33
Tunisia5.51Hybrid regime-104.645.006.175.636.11
Liberia5.43Hybrid regime42.715.297.425.636.11
Ukraine5.42Hybrid regime-12.714.416.506.257.22
Hong Kong5.28Hybrid regime-33.297.942.756.885.56
Mexico5.25Hybrid regime-34.645.596.921.887.22
Georgia5.20Hybrid regime13.575.597.003.756.11
Honduras5.15Hybrid regime13.935.598.752.505.00
Tanzania5.10Hybrid regime05.004.414.836.255.00
El Salvador5.06Hybrid regime-143.574.718.333.135.56
Kenya5.05Hybrid regime05.364.123.505.636.67
Morocco5.04Hybrid regime04.644.125.255.635.56
Sierra Leone5.03Hybrid regime12.865.006.586.254.44
Guatemala4.68Hybrid regime13.936.186.922.503.89
Uganda4.55Hybrid regime13.575.003.426.883.89
Bolivia4.51Hybrid regime-24.295.594.751.256.67
Nepal4.49Hybrid regime05.365.294.832.504.44
Gambia4.47Hybrid regime-14.294.124.425.633.89
Turkey4.35Hybrid regime05.002.063.505.635.56
Benin4.28Hybrid regime25.714.411.676.253.33
Nigeria4.23Hybrid regime23.934.415.173.753.89
Ivory Coast4.22Hybrid regime-12.863.824.335.634.44
Pakistan4.13Hybrid regime-35.004.715.672.502.78
Mauritania4.03Hybrid regime03.574.413.503.135.56
Angola3.96Authoritarian133.212.654.505.004.44
Palestine3.86Authoritarian-10.143.532.924.388.33
Kuwait3.83Authoritarian-13.933.243.174.384.44
Niger3.73Authoritarian131.504.712.925.633.89
Algeria3.66Authoritarian02.503.823.085.003.89
Qatar3.65Authoritarian04.293.531.505.633.33
Lebanon3.64Authoritarian-40.794.123.503.136.67
Kyrgyzstan3.62Authoritarian-11.504.714.333.134.44
Mozambique3.51Authoritarian-11.433.532.585.005.00
Gabon3.40Authoritarian31.863.532.175.004.44
Mali3.23Authoritarian03.821.175.635.56
Comoros3.20Authoritarian62.213.532.083.754.44
Cambodia3.18Authoritarian133.212.065.635.00
Ethiopia3.17Authoritarian12.861.470.425.006.11
Jordan3.17Authoritarian-43.212.942.673.133.89
Iraq3.13Authoritarian-81.185.253.136.11
Oman3.12Authoritarian53.933.820.085.002.78
Rwanda3.10Authoritarian14.292.651.424.382.78
Burkina Faso3.08Authoritarian-162.503.534.385.00
Kazakhstan3.08Authoritarian13.212.940.503.755.00
Eswatini3.01Authoritarian-12.503.240.925.632.78
Togo2.99Authoritarian62.142.940.925.633.33
Egypt2.93Authoritarian13.211.761.335.003.33
Zimbabwe2.92Authoritarian12.503.245.003.89
United Arab Emirates2.90Authoritarian14.292.355.632.22
Azerbaijan2.87Authoritarian72.862.650.505.003.33
Haiti2.81Authoritarian-165.006.252.78
Djibouti2.74Authoritarian21.292.355.634.44
Vietnam2.73Authoritarian-73.932.653.753.33
Cuba2.65Authoritarian33.212.943.753.33
Cameroon2.56Authoritarian32.142.060.334.383.89
Guinea Bissau2.56Authoritarian-22.354.003.133.33
Bahrain2.52Authoritarian22.711.760.424.383.33
Nicaragua2.50Authoritarian-32.142.654.383.33
Sudan2.47Authoritarian11.431.475.004.44
Guinea2.32Authoritarian20.432.650.834.383.33
Russia2.28Authoritarian-222.142.350.923.752.22
Venezuela2.23Authoritarian41.072.651.885.56
Burundi2.13Authoritarian11.765.003.89
Uzbekistan2.12Authoritarian11.860.880.085.002.78
Saudi Arabia2.08Authoritarian23.571.473.132.22
Libya2.06Authoritarian32.653.753.89
Eritrea2.03Authoritarian12.140.596.880.56
Belarus1.99Authoritarian-70.791.474.383.33
Iran1.96Authoritarian02.501.472.503.33
Yemen1.95Authoritarian-10.885.003.89
China1.94Authoritarian-83.210.593.132.78
Tajikistan1.94Authoritarian12.210.884.382.22
Equatorial Guinea1.92Authoritarian00.431.474.383.33
Laos1.77Authoritarian02.860.593.751.67
Chad1.67Authoritarian02.353.752.22
Turkmenistan1.66Authoritarian00.790.295.002.22
Syria1.43Authoritarian-14.382.78
Central African Republic1.35Authoritarian-22.350.831.881.67
North Korea1.08Authoritarian02.501.251.67
Myanmar0.74Authoritarian03.130.56
Afghanistan0.32Authoritarian00.070.291.25
showing: 164 rows

Which is the largest democracy country in the world?

Although not a direct democracy, India is considered the world's largest democracy when ranked by population.

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