Clay, Alabama Population 2021

9,997
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Clay is a city located in Jefferson County Alabama. With a 2020 population of 9,997, it is the 62nd largest city in Alabama and the 3107th largest city in the United States . Clay is currently growing at a rate of 0.37% annually and its population has increased by 2.98% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 9,708 in 2010. Clay reached it's highest population of 10,005 in 2011. Spanning over 10 miles, Clay has a population density of 995 people per square mile.

The average household income in Clay is $86,562 with a poverty rate of 8.37%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $848 per month, and the median house value is $155,000. The median age in Clay is 39.9 years, 39.3 years for males, and 40.8 years for females.

Clay Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Clay was:

  • White: 60.30%
  • Black or African American: 37.49%
  • Asian: 1.81%
  • Other race: 0.23%
  • Two or more races: 0.17%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Clay, Alabama is 9,997 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 9,886.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 9,708.

Clay, Alabama Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White5,96260.30%
Black or African American3,70737.49%
Asian1791.81%
Some Other Race230.23%
Two or More Races170.17%
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Clay Population by Race

Clay Population Pyramid $2021

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Clay Median Age

39.9


Total

39.3


Male

40.8


Female

Clay Adults

There are 7,297 adults, (1,818 of whom are seniors) in Clay.

Clay Age Dependency

80.5

Age Dependency Ratio

33.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Clay Sex Ratio

Female

5,511

55.73%

Male

4,377

44.27%

Clay Population by Age

Clay Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Clay Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Male100%0%
Married93.7%6.3%
All86.1%13.9%
Non Family79%21%
Female51.1%48.9%

86.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Clay Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,5552.7886.1
Married2,1633.1193.7
Non Family8811.1879
Female3544.1751.1
Male1574.05100

3.28

Average Family Size

2.78

Average Household Size

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Clay Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1682.55%
9th to 12th Grade2623.97%
High School Graduate1,91829.09%
Some College1,82827.72%
Associates Degree6279.51%
Bachelors Degree1,28119.43%
Graduate Degree5107.73%
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Clay Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Clay Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White4,5084,1741,032
Black1,9511,900729
Asian793419
Hispanic393911
2+ Races1717

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 37.37%.

Clay Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,078$54,397$38,728
Less Than 9th Grade$20,882$21,458$17,083
High School Graduate$40,993$50,444$39,700
Some College$42,453$62,344$38,151
Bachelors Degree$42,042$61,964$38,833
Graduate Degree$63,000$69,583$47,717

$42,078

Average Earnings

$54,397

Average Male

$38,728

Average Female

Clay Earnings by Educational Attainment

Clay Language by Age

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Clay Language

97.48% of Clay residents speak only English, while 2.52% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.18% of the population.

Clay Language

Clay Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White5,8934207.13%
Black3,64940211.02%

8.37%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.16%

Male Poverty Rate

8.53%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Clay

The race most likely to be in poverty in Clay is Black, with 11.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Clay is White, with 7.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.59%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.95%.

Clay Poverty

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Name Poverty
High School12.88%
Less Than 9th Grade4.88%
Some College4.73%
Bachelors or Greater0.67%

Clay Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed50.00%
Female Unemployed25.64%
Female Employed4.24%
Male Employed1.29%

Clay Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Clay Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$74,387$86,562
Families$96,184$99,461
Married Families$98,355-
Non Families$40,938$45,188
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Income by Household Type

Clay Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

58.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

69.3%

Male Marriage Rate

50.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Clay Married by Age and Sex

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Clay Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Clay Marital Status by Race

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Clay Marital Status

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776

Number of Veterans

647

Male Veterans

129

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam332
First Gulf War156
Second Gulf War78
World War II47
Korea43

Clay Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74254
55 to 64186
75+168
35 to 54110
18 to 3458

Clay Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White55711.25%
Black2199.83%
Hispanic1128.21%

Clay Veterans by Race

Clay Veterans by Education

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7.73%

Veteran Poverty Rate

39.43%

Veteran Disability Rate

Clay Veterans by Education

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62.9%

Labor Force Participation

61.1%

Employment Rate

2.4%

Unemployment Rate

Clay Employment by Age

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Clay Employment by Race

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Clay Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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80.24%

Born in Clay

97.93%

Native Born

2.07%

Foreign Born

1.00%

Non Citizen

1.07%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.93% of Clay residents were born in the United States, with 80.24% having been born in Alabama. 1.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Clay Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20219,997370.37%
20209,960370.37%
20199,923370.37%
20189,886390.40%
20179,847-35-0.35%
20169,882-53-0.53%
20159,935-34-0.34%
20149,969-8-0.08%
20139,977250.25%
20129,952-53-0.53%
201110,005470.47%
20109,9580.00%

Clay Population by Year