Clay, Alabama Population 2024

10,268

Clay is a city located in Jefferson County Alabama. Clay has a 2024 population of 10,268. Clay is currently declining at a rate of -0.11% annually and its population has decreased by -0.43% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,312 in 2020.

The average household income in Clay is $85,138 with a poverty rate of 10.33%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Clay is 40.1 years, 42 years for males, and 36.6 years for females.

Clay Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Clay was:

  • White: 52.61%
  • Black or African American: 44.01%
  • Asian: 2.08%
  • Two or more races: 0.7%
  • Other race: 0.59%
  • Native American:
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
State
Alabama
Land Area (mi²)
10.0 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,022.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-0.43% (-44)
The current population of Clay, Alabama is 10,268 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 10,312.

Clay, Alabama Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White5,42752.61%
Black or African American4,54044.01%
Asian2152.08%
Two or more races720.7%
Other race610.59%
Native American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Clay Population by Race

Clay Population Pyramid 2024

Clay Median Age

40.1

Total

42

Male

36.6

Female

Clay Adults

There are 7,657 adults, (2,237 of whom are seniors) in Clay.

Clay Age Dependency

90.3

Age Dependency Ratio

41.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49

Child Dependency Ratio

Clay Sex Ratio

Female5,77555.99%
Male4,54044.01%

Clay Population by Age

Clay Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3,7882.72937
Married2,2802.7795.84.2
Non Family6861.0991.88.2
Female5023.7777.322.7
Male3204.181000
showing: 5 rows

3.05

Average Family Size

2.72

Average Household Size

93.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Clay Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Clay Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Clay Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 100%.

Clay Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$45,794

Average Earnings

$53,381

Average Male

$39,474

Average Female

Clay Earnings by Educational Attainment

Clay Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Clay Language

97.61% of Clay residents speak only English, while 2.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.26% of the population.

Clay Language

Clay Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black4,5104389.71%
White5,3584287.99%
Asian21519691.16%
showing: 3 rows

10.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.41%

Male Poverty Rate

9.47%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Clay

The race most likely to be in poverty in Clay is Asian, with 91.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Clay is White, with 7.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.61%. Among those working part-time, it was 7.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.49%.

Clay Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
High School9.58%
Some College6.3%
Bachelors or Greater4.84%
Less Than 9th Grade3.83%
showing: 4 rows

Clay Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed100%
Female Unemployed26%
Female Employed3.3%
Male Employed2.33%
showing: 4 rows

Clay Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Clay Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Clay Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

55.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

64.6%

Male Marriage Rate

48.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Clay Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Clay Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Clay Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Clay Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

701

Number of Veterans

542

Male Veterans

159

Female Veterans

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Clay Veterans by War

count

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Clay Veterans by Age

count

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Clay Veterans by Race

Clay Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

4.28%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.39%

Veteran Disability Rate

Clay Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

62%

Labor Force Participation

60.4%

Employment Rate

2.4%

Unemployment Rate

Clay Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Clay Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Clay Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

82.82%

Born in Clay

97.78%

Native Born

2.22%

Foreign Born

1.28%

Non Citizen

0.94%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.78% of Clay residents were born in the United States, with 82.82% having been born in Alabama. 1.28% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Clay Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202910,213-11-0.11%
202810,224-11-0.11%
202710,235-11-0.11%
202610,246-11-0.11%
202510,257-11-0.11%
202410,268-11-0.11%
202310,279-11-0.11%
202210,290-11-0.11%
202110,301-11-0.11%
202010,3123713.73%
20199,941320.32%
20189,909400.41%
20179,869-33-0.33%
20169,902-54-0.54%
20159,956-31-0.31%
20149,987-9-0.09%
20139,996280.28%
20129,968-53-0.53%
201110,021490.49%
20109,972
showing: 20 rows

Clay Population by Year