Elma, Washington Population 2021

3,421
Loading...

Elma is a city located in Washington. With a 2020 population of 3,421, it is the 137th largest city in Washington and the 5833rd largest city in the United States. Elma is currently growing at a rate of 1.03% annually and its population has increased by 10.11% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,107 in 2010. Elma reached it's highest population of 3,421 in 2021. Spanning over 3 miles, Elma has a population density of 1,342 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elma is $57,371 with a poverty rate of 13.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $608 per month, and the median house value is $167,900. The median age in Elma is 40.8 years, 53.4 years for males, and 37.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 85.6 males.

Elma Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elma was:

  • White: 90.78%
  • Two or more races: 8.33%
  • Black or African American: 0.76%
  • Asian: 0.12%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Elma, Washington is 3,421, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 3,316.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 3,107.

Elma, Washington Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,97590.78%
Two or More Races2738.33%
Black or African American250.76%
Asian40.12%
Loading...

Elma Population by Race

Elma Population Pyramid 2021

Loading...

Elma Median Age

40.8


Total

53.4


Male

37.1


Female

Elma Adults

There are 2,674 adults, (900 of whom are seniors) in Elma.

Elma Age Dependency

84.7

Age Dependency Ratio

50.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34

Child Dependency Ratio

Elma Sex Ratio

Female

1,766

53.89%

Male

1,511

46.11%

Elma Population by Age

Elma Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Elma Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.7%35.3%
All46.7%53.3%
Non Family31.4%68.6%
Female27.8%72.2%
Male0%0%

46.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elma Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,4112.2946.7
Married6603.4264.7
Non Family6361.131.4
Female1152.4527.8
Male00

3.25

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

Loading...

Elma Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1466.18%
9th to 12th Grade1656.98%
High School Graduate89037.65%
Some College66928.30%
Associates Degree903.81%
Bachelors Degree29212.35%
Graduate Degree1124.74%
Loading...

Elma Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elma Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,0611,876362
Multiple Races1898640
Hispanic8562
Black2525
Asian442

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.00%.

Elma Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,221$46,920$31,526
Less Than High School$$$
High School Grad$37,216$45,905$31,837
Some College$30,915$55,428$24,297
Bachelors Degree$61,107$61,536$
Graduate Degree$$$

$35,221

Average Earnings

$46,920

Average Male

$31,526

Average Female

Elma Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elma Language by Age

Loading...

Elma Language

97.00% of Elma residents speak only English, while 3.00% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.00% of the population.

Elma Language

Elma Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White2,85540214.08%
Hispanic1202420.00%
Black25312.00%
Asian4250.00%

13.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.60%

Male Poverty Rate

8.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elma

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elma is Asian, with 50.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elma is Black, with 12.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 8.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.70%.

Elma Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Some College23.45%
High School19.78%
Less Than High School9.65%
Bachelors or Greater0.00%

Elma Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed59.02%
Male Employed1.02%
Female Employed0.00%
Male Unemployed0.00%

Elma Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elma Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$46,228$57,371
Families$75,568$76,285
Married Families$78,885-
Non Families$13,750$33,502
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Elma Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

53.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.5%

Male Marriage Rate

53.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Elma Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Elma Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Elma Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Elma Marital Status

Loading...

436

Number of Veterans

412

Male Veterans

24

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam197
Second Gulf War59
First Gulf War47
Korea46
World War II

Elma Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
55 to 64155
65 to 74153
75+69
35 to 5440
18 to 3419

Elma Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White43618.14%
Hispanic2319.17%

Elma Veterans by Race

Elma Veterans by Education

Loading...

24.31%

Veteran Poverty Rate

55.28%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elma Veterans by Education

Loading...

46.9%

Labor Force Participation

44%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Elma Employment by Age

Loading...

Elma Employment by Race

Loading...

Elma Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

70.67%

Born in Washington

98.08%

Native Born

1.92%

Foreign Born

0.70%

Non Citizen

1.22%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.08% of Elma residents were born in the United States, with 70.67% having been born in Washington. 0.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elma Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20213,421351.03%
20203,386351.04%
20193,351351.06%
20183,316481.47%
20173,268351.08%
20163,233190.59%
20153,214130.41%
20143,201-10-0.31%
20133,211-33-1.02%
20123,244-32-0.98%
20113,276-27-0.82%
20103,3032540.80%
20003,049380.13%
19903,0112911.02%
19802,7200.00%

Elma Population by Year