Elma is a city located in Washington. With a 2020 population of 3,421, it is the 137th largest city in Washington and the 5833rd largest city in the United States. Elma is currently growing at a rate of 1.03% annually and its population has increased by 10.11% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,107 in 2010. Elma reached it's highest population of 3,421 in 2021. Spanning over 3 miles, Elma has a population density of 1,342 people per square mile.
The average household income in Elma is $57,371 with a poverty rate of 13.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $608 per month, and the median house value is $167,900. The median age in Elma is 40.8 years, 53.4 years for males, and 37.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 85.6 males.