Elma, Washington Population 2020

3,392

Elma is a city located in Washington. With a 2020 population of 3,392, it is the 138th largest city in Washington and the 5859th largest city in the United States. Elma is currently growing at a rate of 1.07% annually and its population has increased by 9.17% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,107 in 2010. Spanning over 3 miles, Elma has a population density of 1,330 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elma is $57,165 with a poverty rate of 13.59%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $740 per month, and the median house value is $172,700. The median age in Elma is 37.8 years, 40.5 years for males, and 36.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 105.0 males.

Elma Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elma was:

  • White: 93.47%
  • Two or more races: 5.79%
  • Black or African American: 0.68%
  • Asian: 0.06%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Elma, Washington is 3,392, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 3,320.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 3,107.

Elma, Washington Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White3,03393.47%
Two or More Races1885.79%
Black or African American220.68%
Asian20.06%

Elma Population Pyramid 2020

Elma Median Age

37.8


Total

40.5


Male

36.6


Female

Elma Adults

There are 2,498 adults, (692 of whom are seniors) in Elma.

Elma Age Dependency

79.7

Age Dependency Ratio

38.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Elma Sex Ratio

Female

1,583

48.78%

Male

1,662

51.22%

Elma Households and Families

Elma Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elma Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.6%25.4%
All50.6%49.4%
Female48.9%51.1%
Non Family23.5%76.5%
Male0%0%

50.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,3152.4450.6
Married6263.5674.6
Non Family5481.0223.5
Female1412.9648.9
Male00

3.41

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

4.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elma Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1597.26%
9th to 12th Grade1486.75%
High School Graduate79836.42%
Some College51323.41%
Associates Degree22110.09%
Bachelors Degree28212.87%
Graduate Degree703.19%

Elma Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White1,9361,748336
Multiple Races1566216
Hispanic7550
Black2222
Asian22

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 17.36%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,890$51,136$23,594
Less Than High School$$$
High School Grad$31,719$45,500$
Some College$30,431$52,630$22,098
Bachelors Degree$72,780$73,319$
Graduate Degree$$$

$31,890

Average Earnings

$51,136

Average Male

$23,594

Average Female

Elma Language

Elma Language by Age

Elma Language

93.23% of Elma residents speak only English, while 6.77% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.77% of the population.

Elma Poverty

Elma Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White2,86936612.76%
Hispanic1647042.68%
Black22313.64%
Asian22100.00%

13.59%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.80%

Male Poverty Rate

7.08%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elma

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elma is Asian, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elma is White, with 12.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.42%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.75%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.71%
Some College24.25%
High School11.40%
Bachelors or Greater4.83%
Name Poverty
Female Employed8.95%
Male Employed1.00%
Female Unemployed0.00%
Male Unemployed0.00%

Elma Income

Elma Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,632$57,165
Families$66,976$70,672
Married Families$69,531-
Non Families$16,719$35,151

Elma Marital Status

Elma Marital Status

Marriage Rates

51.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.7%

Male Marriage Rate

53.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Elma Married by Age and Sex

Elma Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is Over 65.

Elma Marital Status by Race

Elma Veterans

353

Number of Veterans

321

Male Veterans

32

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam150
Korea49
Second Gulf War48
First Gulf War39
World War II17

$Elma Veterans by Education

23.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

45.04%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elma Employment Status

51.2%

Labor Force Participation

49.7%

Employment Rate

3%

Unemployment Rate

Elma Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.34%

Born in Washington

96.98%

Native Born

3.02%

Foreign Born

2.34%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.98% of Elma residents were born in the United States, with 71.34% having been born in Washington. 2.34% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20203,392361.07%
20193,356361.08%
20183,320481.47%
20173,272361.11%
20163,236220.68%
20153,214140.44%
20143,200-12-0.37%
20133,212-30-0.93%
20123,242-34-1.04%
20113,276-25-0.76%
20103,3012520.80%
20003,049380.13%
19903,0112911.02%
19802,7200.00%