Algeria Population 2020
Algeria, or the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is located in North Africa. Algeria is made up of 48 provinces and more than 1,500 communes with a 2020 population estimated at 43.85 million, making it the 33rd most populous country. It is also the 10th largest country and the largest country in Africa.
Algeria Area and Population Density
Algeria has an estimated population of 43.85 million, up from the official 2013 census population of 37.9 million. Algeria is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with just 15.9 people per square kilometer (38/square mile). The capital and largest city is Algiers, which has an estimated population of 3.7 million and a larger metropolitan population of 5.4 million. Algiers is very densely populated, with about 10,150 people per square kilometer.
Largest Cities in Algeria
Roughly three-quarters of Algeria's population live in urban areas, and thus, there are several sizable cities. The largest of these cities is the appropriately named capital Algiers, with a population of 3.416 million. The only other city with a population exceeding one million is Oran. A few other notable cities are Constantine, Annaba, Blida, and Batna- all of which have a population under 500,000.
Algeria was inhabited by several prehistoric people, including the Caspian culture, and many empires and dynasties have ruled the region over its history, such as the Romans, Byzantines and the Turkish Ottomans. At the beginning of the 20th century, Algeria had 4 million people.
Today, Algeria is inhabited mostly by Arab-Berber people, with 90% of the population living in the coastal area of the north with the people in the Sahara desert concentrated in oases. There are about 1.5 million remaining nomadic and semi-nomadic people in the country. Algeria is a young country, with 1 in 4 people under the age of 15. Interestingly, women play an important role here, making up 70% of Algeria's lawyers and 60% of its university students.
Algeria Religion, Economy and Politics
97% of the Algerian population is Muslim. There aren't really any other religions with a significant population. The second most popular religion is Christianity with a meager 285,000 followers.
About 96,000 refugees and asylum seekers are living in Algeria, most of whom are from Western Sahara. There are also about 35,000 Chinese migrant workers and up to 165,000 Sahrawis from Western Sahara in refugee camps. Between 600,000 to 2 million Algerian Turks live in Algeria, and they are today known as Kouloughlis.
The largest concentration of Algerians outside of the country are in France, with more than 1.7 million Algerians. Algeria is the second-largest French-speaking country in the world in terms of the number of speakers. An estimated 11 million Algerians read and write in French.
Algeria Population History
The French colonized Algeria during the mid-1800s and around 50,000 emmigrated there during that time. By the 1900s, Europeans accounted for 20% of the population. The French were eventually ousted in 1945 during a war than killed at least 700,000 Algerians.
The Algerians experienced a civil war from 1991-2002 that killed roughly 100,000.
Algeria Population growth
The Algerian population has comparatively stabilized after the long period of war it experienced. However, the rate of growth has slightly been decreasing, since 2015.
Algeria Population Projections
The growth rate is projected to continue declining in the years to come, but the population will continue increasing overall. The population is projected to be 43,333,255 in 2020, and 48,821,963 in 2030.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 32 seconds|
|One death every 3 minutes|
|One net migrant every 53 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 41 seconds|