Azerbaijan Population 2020

10,117,105

Azerbaijan is a transcontinental country located between Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Azerbaijan is bordered by Russia, Georgia, Iran, Armenia and the Caspian Sea. In 2020, Azerbaijan has an estimated population of 10.14 million, which makes it the 90th most populous country in the world.

Azerbaijan Area and Population Density

Azerbaijan sits on the Caspian Sea in the south Caucasus region of Europe and covers 33,436 square miles (86,600 square kilometers) of surface area. Azerbaijan shares borders with Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran and is a mostly mountainous country apart from the area of flatlands at the country's center. Using the 2017 population of 9.86 million, the population density of Azerbaijan is 294.9 people per square mile (113.9 people per square kilometer), which ranks 71st in the world.

Largest Cities in Azerbaijan

Slightly over half of the people of Azerbaijan live in urban areas, and the country has 77 cities. The largest city and capital is Baku with a population of 2.15 million and a metro population of 4 million. Baku is densely populated with 996 people per square kilometer (2,580/square mile). The next-largest city is Sumqayit at 325,000, followed by Ganja at 323,000. The remaining 45% of the population lives in a rural area.

Azerbaijan Demographics

At the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Azerbaijan was more than 91% Azerbaijanis, 2% Lezgians, 1.3% Armenians (with nearly all living in the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh), 1.3% Russian, 1.2% Talysh, 0.5% Avars, 0.4% Turks, 0.3% Tatars, 0.3% Tats and 0.25% Ukrainians.

Azerbaijan Religion, Economy and Politics

About 95% of the population is Muslim. 85% of Muslims in Azerbaijan are Shia Muslims while 15% are Sunni Muslims. Azerbaijan has the second highest Shia population percentage behind Iran. Azerbaijan is a secular state that provides religious freedom. A Gallup poll conducted seven years ago found that just 21% of Azerbaijanis consider religion an important aspect of their lives, which makes it one of the least religious countries on earth.

Azerbaijan has been undergoing significant restructuring of their government since the 2018 election of President Ilham Aliyev for a fourth term amidst rumors of electoral fraud. A new prime minister has been nominated and several key political figures have been replaced with the hopes of education, tax, and economic reform. The oil industry dominates the economy and has been expanding since these changes have been implemented, but this is likely to be temporary. Other major sectors of Azerbaijan's economy include agriculture, manufacturing and financial, business, telecommunications, and tourism services.

Azerbaijan Population History

Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, before the dissolution of the USSR. A huge oil boom in the country led to international investment, and by the start of the 20th century, the country was supplying half of the world's oil. During the collapse of the Soviet Union, the large Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh attempted to secede from Azerbaijan, leading to war and the Armenians taking control of the region. A ceasefire was signed in 1994, with nearly 1/7 of the country's territory still occupied and 800,000 refugees scattered. During the 1990s, many Armenians and Russians left the region. In 1970, there were about 484,000 Armenians and 510,000 Russians in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Population Growth

Azerbaijan, like many countries in similar circumstances, experienced a swell of growth after its independence. When Azerbaijan became a free republic from the Soviet Union in 1936, there was significant increase immigration, but that has since slowed significantly, and the annual growth rate has sat slightly above 1% since the early 2000s, creating a steady and sustainable amount of growth for the country.

Azerbaijan Population Projections

Although the growth in Azerbaijan has been relatively steady for the past few decades, it is expected to slow down, and even stop in the years to come. in the year 2020, it is predicted that the annual growth rate will be 0.98%, which will supposedly decrease an entire percentage point to -0.02@ by 2050, at which the population number will be virtually stagnant. After 2050, the population is supposed to decrease. The current projections believe that the population of Azerbaijan will be 10,099,743 in 2020, 10,680,202 in 2030, 10,988,920 in 2040, and 11,039,198 in 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 8 minutes
One net migrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 6 minutes

Azerbaijan Population in 2018Source: By Okinawa [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Azerbaijan has a low population growth rate, in part due to a high rate of migration. There is also significant diaspora, with Azerbaijani living in 42 countries. In Iran, Iranian Azerbaijanis are the largest minority, accounting for about 16% of Iran's population. Azerbaijan is currently growing slowly at a rate of about 1% a year.

Official NameRepublic of Azerbaijan
Languages SpokenAzerbaijani, Russian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude40.50, 47.50
Currencies UsedAzerbaijan Manat
DemonymAzerbaijani
BordersArmenia
Georgia
Iran
Russia
Turkey
Name Population Location
Baku1,116,513Map
Ganja313,300Map
Sumqayit265,150Map
Lankaran240,300Map
Mingelchaur95,453Map
Saatli87,000Map
Qaracuxur72,989Map
Sirvan70,220Map
Bakixanov66,686Map
Nakhchivan64,754Map
Sheki63,000Map
Yevlakh59,036Map
Xankandi53,100Map
Bilajari42,194Map
Mastaga40,092Map
Agdam39,451Map
Khirdalan37,949Map
Barda37,372Map
Xacmaz37,175Map
Salyan36,555Map

Azerbaijan Population Clock

The population of Azerbaijan (as of 4/2/2020)?10,117,105
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)10,139,177
Births Per Day435
Deaths Per Day189
Net Migrations Per Day2
Net Change Per Day248
Population Change Since January 1st23,064

Azerbaijan Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 10,116,876

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,139,17749.95%50.05%117.08900.91%
201910,047,71849.92%50.08%116.02900.99%
20189,949,53749.88%50.12%114.89911.06%
20179,845,32049.84%50.16%113.69901.12%
20169,736,04349.80%50.20%112.43911.18%
20159,622,74549.76%50.24%111.12911.27%
20109,032,46149.54%50.46%104.30911.13%
20058,538,60549.27%50.73%98.60901.00%
20008,122,74148.89%51.11%93.80890.88%
19957,775,42448.84%51.16%89.79861.43%
19907,242,76148.90%51.10%83.63861.67%
19856,666,44749.03%50.97%76.98841.62%
19806,150,73349.04%50.96%71.02841.63%
19755,674,13348.86%51.14%65.52811.84%
19705,180,02348.65%51.35%59.82802.44%
19654,592,60948.32%51.68%53.03803.35%
19603,895,39747.83%52.17%44.98853.19%
19553,329,38747.31%52.69%38.45882.60%
19502,927,92146.86%53.14%33.81900.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,139,17749.95%50.05%117.08900.00%
202510,495,68650.05%49.95%121.20890.69%
203010,739,73250.07%49.93%124.02890.46%
203510,925,97450.07%49.93%126.17910.34%
204011,055,05750.07%49.93%127.66920.24%
204511,101,32350.09%49.91%128.19930.08%
205011,064,99950.12%49.88%127.7793-0.07%
205510,968,87250.16%49.84%126.6694-0.17%
206010,832,14050.19%49.81%125.0895-0.25%
206510,662,35950.21%49.79%123.1296-0.32%
207010,462,42650.24%49.76%120.8197-0.38%
207510,240,91850.30%49.70%118.26100-0.43%
208010,013,68250.36%49.64%115.63101-0.45%
20859,798,37350.41%49.59%113.15101-0.43%
20909,597,69250.42%49.58%110.83101-0.41%
20959,399,41750.39%49.61%108.54101-0.42%
  1. The State Statistical Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer